Journal of
Ecology and The Natural Environment

  • Abbreviation: J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9847
  • DOI: 10.5897/JENE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 359

Full Length Research Paper

An evaluation of poaching and bushmeat off takes in the Ebo Forest Reserve (EFR), Littoral Region, Cameroon

Nkwatoh Athanasius Fuashi
  • Nkwatoh Athanasius Fuashi
  • Department of Environmental Science, University of Buea, P. O. Box 63 South West Region, Cameroon.
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Melle Maurice Ekane
  • Melle Maurice Ekane
  • Department of Environmental Science, University of Buea, P. O. Box 63 South West Region, Cameroon.
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Engongwie Jacqueline
  • Engongwie Jacqueline
  • Department of Environmental Science, University of Buea, P. O. Box 63 South West Region, Cameroon.
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Fang Amos Zeh
  • Fang Amos Zeh
  • Department of Environmental Science, University of Buea, P. O. Box 63 South West Region, Cameroon.
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  •  Received: 04 September 2018
  •  Accepted: 11 February 2019
  •  Published: 31 March 2019

Abstract

Study on the poaching and bushmeat off takes /harvest in the Ebo Forest Reserve was carried out in 2012 and 2016 to identify and quantify species poached, poaching methods and seasonal impact on harvest rates and quantity. To achieve this task, purposeful and random sampling methods were used for the selection of respondents for questionnaires administration. In all, 182 from a population of about 461 poachers were sampled for questionnaires administration. Besides the administration of questionnaires, some selected Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) tools were also employed for the triangulation of collected data. Biological data were collected using four transects each 1.8 m wide by 2 km long laid 200 m apart in each of the zones. Along each of the established transects 20 m on both sides, data on encounter rates and human presence was collected. A total of 3768 animals with biomass of 26039.5 kg was harvested from the Ebo Forest Reserve and associated forests areas by 461 poachers. The harvest was made up of 30 species from 17 families of wildlife dominated by blue duikers (19.59%), brush- tailed (18.10%) and red duikers (11.36%).Two main weapons, guns and wire snares were identified as the main poaching weapons in the EFR. Harvest was more in the wet season than in the dry season. Poaching was more intense in zones that were very accessible and close to the market centre of Douala. As income gain remained a driving force to poaching, there is need to check poaching activities in the study area against the present weekly off take rate of 2.87 animals per day.

 

Key words: Bushmeat, off take, poaching, harvest, species.