Journal of
Ecology and The Natural Environment

  • Abbreviation: J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9847
  • DOI: 10.5897/JENE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 355

Full Length Research Paper

Institutional pluralism, access and use of wetland resources in the Nyando Papyrus Wetland, Kenya

Serena A. A. Nasongo
  • Serena A. A. Nasongo
  • University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands Fred Zaal, The Netherlands. VIRED International, Kisumu, Kenya
  • Google Scholar
Fred Zaal
  • Fred Zaal
  • University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands Fred Zaal, The Netherlands. Royal Tropical Institute, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • Google Scholar
Ton Dietz
  • Ton Dietz
  • University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands Fred Zaal, The Netherlands. African Studies Centre, Leiden, The Netherlands
  • Google Scholar
J. B. Okeyo-Owuor
  • J. B. Okeyo-Owuor
  • School of Environmental Sciences, University of Eldoret, Kenya. VIRED International, Kisumu, Kenya
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 11 April 2014
  •  Accepted: 17 March 2015
  •  Published: 31 March 2015

Abstract

Wetlands support livelihoods of communities living around them as in the Nyando Papyrus Wetland in Kenya. The Nyando Papyrus Wetlands provide multiple resources hence there are multiple uses and users who often overlap spatially and seasonally causing conflicts. More claims are being exerted on these wetland resources from different sides and institutional levels with different actors. The actors involved refer to various legal systems and mechanisms, and frequently create new hybrid law as in the case in the Nyando papyrus wetlands. These institutions, in various degrees of transformation, still have an important role in determining how resources are used. The objective of this study is to find out about the institutions affecting wetland resource use in the past and in the present and to determine the dynamics of specific natural resource-related institutions in four sub-locations in the Nyando Papyrus Wetlands, Kenya. The study shows that there is legal pluralism in the Nyando Wetlands, which requires synergy for sustainable livelihoods in the local communities and for ecosystem management.  
 
Key words: Nyando Papyrus Wetlands, legal pluralism, institutions.