Journal of
Ecology and The Natural Environment

  • Abbreviation: J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9847
  • DOI: 10.5897/JENE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 398

Article in Press

Gas flaring effects on spatial dynamism of soil cover through remotely sensed images: Case of study Ibeno Local Government, Akwa-Ibom, Nigeria

Imette E. Akpan

  •  Received: 16 June 2016
  •  Accepted: 10 August 2016
Soil cover refers to vegetation, including crops, and crop residues on the surface of the soil. Gas flaring is a common practice associated with oil and gas industry in Nigeria and has a cumulative effect on the greenness of vegetation. This study analyzes remotely sensed, imagery to reveal the effects of gas flaring over time on soil cover in Ibeno Local Government Akwa-Ibom State. A 4-date serial Landsat satellite were employed to characterize two absolute conditions in two locations with/ and non-gas flaring sites. Satellite images were properly treated and analysis unveils a significant decrease in green vegetation index through serial images especially on gas flaring site. While the poor green vegetation increased, indicating re-growth of vegetation after disturbance only at gas flaring site. The study therefore suggests that vegetation greenness index is a valid option to perform this kind of characterization in time.

Keywords: Vegetation Cover, Oil and Gas Industry, gas flaring, green vegetation, poor green vegetation, GIS