Journal of
Ecology and The Natural Environment

  • Abbreviation: J. Ecol. Nat. Environ.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9847
  • DOI: 10.5897/JENE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 394

Full Length Research Paper

Phytoplankton community structure and physico-chemical characteristics of streams flowing through an agro- plantation complex in Tiko, Cameroon

Beatrice Ambo Fonge
  • Beatrice Ambo Fonge
  • Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, P.O.Box 63 Buea, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Pascal Tabi Tabot
  • Pascal Tabi Tabot
  • Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, P.O.Box 63 Buea, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Chop Adeline Mange
  • Chop Adeline Mange
  • Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, P.O.Box 63 Buea, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Coleen Mumbang
  • Coleen Mumbang
  • Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, P.O.Box 63 Buea, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 27 March 2015
  •  Accepted: 16 April 2015
  •  Published: 08 May 2015

References

American Public Health Association (APHA) (2005). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. Fourth edition.Washington D.C. p.1076.
 
ANZECC (2000). Australian and New Zealand Guidelines for Fresh and Marine Water Quality. ANZECC and ARMCANZ.
 
Astorga Y (1996). Chapter 2: The Environmental Impact of the Banana Industry: A Case Study of Costa Rica. 25 pp.
 
Atanga JT (2006). Social and Environmental issues in Cameroonian Banana Production.M.Sc. Thesis. Chalmers University of Technology SE-41296, Göteborg, Sweden.
 
Belinger EG, Sigee DC (2010). Freshwater Algae: Identification and use as bioindicators.1st edition published by John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.
 
Brockerhoff EG, Jactel H, Parrotta JA, Quine CP, Sayer J (2008). Plantation forests and biodiversity: oxymoron or opportunity? Biodivers. Conserv.17: 925 - 951.
Crossref
 
Calderon RP, Rola AC (2003). Assessing benefits and costs of commercial banana production in the Philippines. Working Paper No. 03. 20 pages.
 
Camargo JA, Alonso A (2006). Ecological and toxicological effects of inorganic nitrogen pollution in aquatic ecosystems: A global assessment. Environ. Int. J. 32:831-849.
Crossref
 
Catherine GM, Orcutt DM, Kreeger DA, Parker BC, Jones VA, Neves RJ (2003). Biochemical composition of three algal species proposed as food for captive freshwater mussels. J. Appl. Phycol. 15:1-11.
Crossref
 
Celekli A, Kulkoyluoglu O (2006). On the relationship between ecology and phytoplankton composition in a karstic spring (C¸ epni, Bolu). Ecol. Indic. 7(2):497-503.
Crossref
 
Compère P (1977). Algues de la region du Tchad. VII. Chlorophycophytes (3me partie: Desmidees). Cah.ORSTOM.ser. Hydrobiologia 11:77-177.
 
Dohrman P (2011). How to convert specific conductivity to salinity. Available at http://www.ehow.com/how_5911746_convertconductivity-salinity.html [accessed January 2012].
 
Egbe AE, Tabot PT, Fonge BA, Bechem E (2012). Simulation of the impacts of three management regimes on carbon sinks in rubber and oil palm plantation ecosystems of South- Western Cameroon. J. Ecol. Nat. Environ. 4(6):154-162.
 
Fonge BA, Tening AS, Egbe EA, Yinda GS, Fongod AN, Achu RM (2012). Phytoplankton diversity and abundance in Ndop wetland plain, Cameroon. Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 6(6):247-257.
Crossref
 
Gasse F (1986). East African diatoms: taxonomy and ecological distribution. Bibliotheca Diatomologica. Stuttgart: Cramer.
 
Gharib SM, El-Sherif ZM, Abdel-Halim AM, Radwan AA (2011). Phytoplankton and environmental variables as a water quality indicator for the beaches at Matrouh, south-eastern Mediterranean Sea, Egypt: an assessment. Oceanologia 53 (3):819-836.
Crossref
 
Guiry MD (2013). Algae Base. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. http://www.algaebase.org; searched on 19 June 2013.
 
Hartemink AE (2005). Plantation agriculture in the tropics: Environmental issues. Outlook Agric. 34(1):11-21.
Crossref
 
Krammer K, Lange-Bertalot H (1986). Bacillariophyceae.Teil 1: Naviculaceae. In: Ettl H, Gerloff J, Heynig H, Mollenhauer D(eds), Susswasserflora von mitteleuropa. Band 2/1. Jena: GustavFischer Verlag.
 
Krammer K, Lange-Bertalot H (1988). Bacillariophyceae.Teil 2: Bacillariaceae, Epithemiaceae, Surirellaceae. In: Ettl H, GerloffJ, Heynig H, Mollenhauer D (eds), Susswasserflora vonmitteleuropa. Band 2/2. Jena: Gustav Fischer Verlag.
 
Krammer K, Lange-Bertalot H (1991). Bacillariophyceae. Teil 4: Achnanthaceae, KritischeErganzungenzuNavicula(Lineolatae)und Gomphonema. In: Ettl H, Gerloff J, Heynig H, Mollenhauer D(eds), Susswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Band 2/4. Jena: GustavFisher Verlag.
 
Krammer K, Lange-Bertalot H (2002). Bacillariophyceae.Teil 3: Centraceae, Fragrariaceae, and Eunotiaceae. In: Ettl H, GerloffJ, Heynig H, Mollenhauer D (eds), Susswasserflora von Mitteleuropa. Band 2/3 (2nd edn). Jena: Gustav Fisher Verlag.
 
Lltis A (1980). Les algues, in flore et faune aquatiques de l'Afrique Sahelo-Soudanienne. Orstom 1:9-61.
 
Maimo TV, Woaupi N (2007). Towards a comprehensive analysis of cleaner technology potentials to address industrial pollution arising from natural rubber processing industry: A case study of Cameroon Development Corporation - Rubber Factories. M.Sc. Thesis. Roskilde University, Denmark.
 
Makarewicz JC (1993). Phytoplankton biomass and species composition in Lake Erie, 1970 to 1987. J. Great Lakes Res. 19(2): 258-274.
Crossref
 
Minitab 16 Statistical Software (2010). [Computer software]. State College, PA: Minitab, Inc. (www.minitab.com).
 
Nguetsop VF, Fonko UT, Assaha VMD, Nangtson MN, Pinta JY (2007). Relationships between algae taxa and physicochemical characteristics of water in wetlands and water bodies. Cameroon J. Exp. Biol. 3:70-79.
 
Nowrouzi S, Valavi H (2011). Effects of Environmental Factors on Phytoplankton Abundance and Diversity in Kafter lake. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 6(2):130-140.
Crossref
 
Nwankwo DI, Onyema IC (2003). A checklist of planktonic algae of Lagos coast. J. Sci. Res. Dev. 9:75-82.
 
Nwankwo DI, Onyema IC, Adesalu TA (2003). A survey of harmful algae in coastal waters of south-western Nigeria. J. Niger. Environ. Soc. 1:241-246.
 
Provin TL, Pitt JL (2002). Description of Water Analysis Parameters. Texas A&M AgriLife Extension.
 
Tening AS, Chuyong GB, Asongwe GA, Fonge BA, Lifongo LL, Tandia BK (2013). Nitrate and ammonium levels of some water bodies and their interaction with some selected properties of soils in Douala metropolis, Cameroon. Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. 7(7): 648 – 656.
 
USEPA (1986). Quality criterial for water, Washington D. C 447p in Fobid Christina Akom (2010). The occurrence, distribution and diversity of Phytoplankton in the Douala Estuarine Basin in Cameroon. University of Buea.
 
Vincent FA (2005). Fako Local Economic Development Agency (FEDA): Project to alleviate poverty through self-employment and enterprise creation in Fako Division of Cameroon. Proposal submitted for the Advance Diploma Specialisation Course in Management of Local Development, International Labour Organisation Training Centre, Turin, Italy.
 
Wang X, Wang Y, Lui L, Shu J,Zhu Y, Zhou J (2013). Phytoplankton and eutrophication degree assessment of Baiyangdian Lake wetland, China. Sci. World J. vol. 2013, Article ID 436965, 8 pages, 2013. doi:10.1155/2013/436965.
Crossref
 
WHO (2008). Guidelines for drinking water quality. WHO Press. 515pp.