Journal of
Engineering and Technology Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Eng. Technol. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9790
  • DOI: 10.5897/JETR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 198

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of battery effluent on plasticity and swelling characteristics of expansive soil

S. Bali Reddy
  • S. Bali Reddy
  • Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, India
  • Google Scholar
A. V. Narashima Rao
  • A. V. Narashima Rao
  • Department of Civil Engineering, S. V. University, Tirupathi, India
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 04 March 2014
  •  Accepted: 07 July 2014
  •  Published: 30 September 2014


Ground pollution is perpetuated by humans due to many reasons. Industrial activity is necessary for the socio-economic progress of a country, but at the same time, it generates large amount of solid and liquid wastes. Among various means available, disposal through land is simple and widely used. All types of pollution have either direct or indirect effect on soil properties. Behaviour of any contaminant in soil depends upon the physical and chemical properties of the contaminant as well as its interactivity with that of soil. The effect of battery effluent on plasticity, swelling characteristics of black cotton soil has been presented in this paper. The soil used in this investigation falls under “SC” group as per I.S. classification and its differential free swell index is 254.54% indicating very high degree of expansiveness. The battery effluent used in this investigation is a colourless liquid and soluble in water.
Key words: Plasticity, expansive soil, battery effluent.