The common property resource management would be tragedy of common or would lead to better management dependent on the existence of institutions governing access, utilization, managements, exclusion, ownership and transfer of ownership. However, recently the concept of integrated management and environment payment system has emerged as a new paradigm in common property management. The civil society is now working towards bridging gaps between have and have not. With this realization LI-BIRD in financial support of EGP Netherlands applied the integrated wetland management model in managing the Rupa wetland and its watershed. Significant progress has been made in ensuring communities leadership in management of natural resources. The conflicts in resource management has been challenged with innovative ideas of distributing the benefits arising from the use to the communities who are not only recipients but also the communities playing role in conservation and management of ecosystems.
Key words: Common property resource management, integrated wetland management, conflicts and environment payment system.
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