In Ethiopia, land tenure insecurity is one of the major factors that affect the productivity of smallholder agriculture and sustainable development. The present government of Ethiopia designed and implemented rural land registration and certification program in the four major regions to enhance the land tenure security of peasants. The aim of this study was to investigate factors that affect land tenure security of farmers after the implementation of the program in Hulet Eju Enese District, Amhara region. Identifying the main factors affecting land tenure security and investigating the extent of each factors were the specific objectives of the study. The research designs were both quantitative and qualitative research method and the data were collected by questionnaire and interview. Stratified, random and purposive sampling methods were employed to select sub districts, farmer households and key informants, respectively. Binary logistic regression model and narration were used as method of data analysis and interpretation. The result shows that from the stated factors, some of them still affect the land tenure security of the farmer households in the study area. Therefore, in the implementation of the second stage of the program, emphasis should be given to minimize the influence of those factors and to attain sustainable land use practice.
Key words: Land, tenure, security, registration, certification, rural, possession.
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