Recent climate variability over Tanzania is evaluated through the analysis of spatial and temporal distributions of meteorological variables including rainfall, relative humidity (RH), maximum temperature (Tmax) and minimum temperature (Tmin) in an annual and seasonal time scale for 30 years (1971 - 2000) at 45 meteorological stations for rainfall and 27 stations for Tmax, Tmin and RH. Statistical parameters including mean (ME), coefficient of variation (CV) and skewness (SK) are computed and analyzed. These parameters are mapped using Surfer software. Seasonal contribution of each of the four seasons (JF, MAM, JJAS and OND) is assessed. It has been found that, for most of the bimodal areas, nearly 50% of the annual rainfall is contributed by MAM season. In all four seasons, rainfall, in most of the stations is characterized by a slight asymmetrical distribution with stronger spatial and temporal variability. Tmax, Tmin and RH however, exhibit a near normal distribution with significantly less variability.
Key words: ITCZ, statistical moments; coefficient of variation, skewness.
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