Journal of
Geography and Regional Planning

  • Abbreviation: J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2070-1845
  • DOI: 10.5897/JGRP
  • Start Year: 2008
  • Published Articles: 389

Full Length Research Paper

Groundwater quality and its suitability for drinking and agricultural use in Ain Azel Plain, Algeria

  L. Belkhiri1*, A. Boudoukha2 and L. Mouni3  
  1Department of Hydraulics, University of Hadj, Lakhdar 05000, Batna, Algeria. 2Research Laboratory in Applied Hydraulics, University of Hadj, Lakhdar 05000, Batna, Algeria. 3Laboratory of Technology of Materials and Genius of Precede, University of Bejaia, Targa- Ouzemour 06000, Algeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 14 June 2010
  •  Published: 30 June 2010


Hydrochemistry of groundwater in Ain Azel plain, Algeria was used to assess the quality of groundwater for determining its suitability for drinking and agricultural purposes. Interpretation of analytical data shows that Ca-Mg-HCO3 and Ca-Mg-Cl-SO4 are the dominant hydrochemical facies in the study area. Factor analysis generated three significant factors. Factor 1 includes EC, Ca++, Mg++, Na+ and Cl-, factor 2 has high loading values of K+ and HCO3- and the factor 3 includes SO4-- and NO3-. The US salinity diagram illustrates that most of the samples fall in C3S1 quality with high salinity hazard and low sodium hazard. The groundwater of Ain Azel plain is low concentration of nitrogenous elements (NO3- and NO2-) and the higher concentration of trace elements (Pb++ and Fe++) may entail various health hazards.

Key words: Groundwater, drinking and irrigation water quality, factor analysis, US salinity laboratory diagram, Ain Azel, Algeria.