Journal of
Geography and Regional Planning

  • Abbreviation: J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2070-1845
  • DOI: 10.5897/JGRP
  • Start Year: 2008
  • Published Articles: 386

Full Length Research Paper

Institutional factors and governance arrangements affecting crop residue utilization in Mt. Elgon Region, Uganda

Moses Makooma Tenyhwa
  • Moses Makooma Tenyhwa
  • School of Agricultural Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences Makerere University.
  • Google Scholar
Paul Isolo Mukwaya
  • Paul Isolo Mukwaya
  • Department of Geography, Geo-informatics and Climatic Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences Makerere University
  • Google Scholar
Yazidhi Bamutaze
  • Yazidhi Bamutaze
  • Department of Geography, Geo-informatics and Climatic Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences Makerere University
  • Google Scholar
Charles Kiiza Luswata
  • Charles Kiiza Luswata
  • School of Agricultural Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences Makerere University.
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David Kirya
  • David Kirya
  • School of Agricultural Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences Makerere University.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 18 November 2014
  •  Accepted: 26 February 2015
  •  Published: 31 March 2015

Abstract

Crop production in Mt. Elgon region (Uganda) generates a significant amount of crop residues (CR) that have for a long time been considered as ‘trash’ or agricultural waste. This neglect is due, in part, to the absence of a clear institutional framework governing utilization of CR. This paper presents a case for understanding of institutions that govern practices of CR utilization. It adopts the Institutional Analysis and Development  framework to trace the evolution of institutional mechanisms governing utilization of CR; review the role of current institutional arrangements in influencing CR utilization among farming households; and recommend options that bolster household actions towards the utilization of CR. A synthesis of colonial institutional frameworks including bylaws showed that farmers were encouraged to engage in several soil conservation practices. Strict enforcement of these laws weakened after independence and almost collapsed with successive regimes. There is still a lack of an appropriate institutional framework at local level to influence the utilization of CR in Mt. Elgon region. The paper argues that proper institutional frameworks that penalize improper land use and incentivize better land use practices; build the capacity of farmers through awareness raising programs; and encourage better technologies for CR handling and storage should be strengthened.

 

Key words: Crop residues, policies, smallholder farmers, Mt. Elgon Uganda.