Journal of
Geography and Regional Planning

  • Abbreviation: J. Geogr. Reg. Plann.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2070-1845
  • DOI: 10.5897/JGRP
  • Start Year: 2008
  • Published Articles: 385

Full Length Research Paper

Identification of backward regions of Kashmir Valley (India)- A Spatio -temporal approach

Shahnaz Mohiuddin
Department of Geography Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, Pin code 11025.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 18 October 2013
  •  Published: 31 October 2013


The issue of regional development has been widely discussed in relation to a developed area and development at an aggregate level rather than focusing attention exclusively on the backward regions. Scholars have tried to define the term 'backward region' with reference to the typical problems encountered by such regions, their potential for development, efficacy of regional plans and factor endowments. Hence, it is necessary to look at the backward regions of India with special emphasis on Kashmir Valley which is one of the three regions of Jammu and Kashmir States. Examination of the stated problem in this investigation requires a huge data from both primary and secondary sources which is followed by a set of indicators. A number of statistical methods like standardization and construction of composite index through factor analysis were employed in the present study. This is followed by the classification of tehsils (unit of analysis or sub-district) on the basis of their development with an aim to emphasize the backward areas and the dynamics of backwardness. Most of the units (study units) were found to be in backward category either in one or the other sector of development. Hence, it is extremly important to emphasize the integrated sectoral development rather than individual sectors.

Key words: Regional development, backward region, India, Kashmir Valley, Levels of development, factor analysis, sectoral development.