The present paper uses provisional figures available through the 2011 population census to analyse the demographic diversity across the districts of India. The demographic diversity is measured in terms of a diversity index that has been developed for the purpose. The analysis suggests that most of the demographic diversity across the districts of the country is confined to a few districts only, despite the wide spread social, cultural, economic and ecological diversity that is so pervasive in India. The analysis also suggests that between States, demographic diversity accounts for a larger proportion of the total inter-district diversity in the country as compared to within States inter-district diversity and there are substantive inter-State variations. Demographic diversity across the States/Union Territories of India is well known. The provisional results of the 2011 population census suggest that this diversity continues to persist.
Key words: India, population, census, demographic, ecological diversity.
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