Properly organized data is vital for appropriate statistics and theories. In this study, it was hypothesized that raw tropical cyclone (TC) data labeled with the current Gregorian time system, dampened the dominant signals and order in the data. Therefore, the objective of this study was to explore and reorganize the data, using the TianGan-DiZhi (T-D) calendar. All 6 h TC records in 60 sidereal years over the western North Pacific (WNP) were investigated after the data were transferred from the Gregorian to T-D calendar. TianGan and DiZhi, two collections of elements in the T-D calendar, were then quantified to conduct correlation analyses with different TC parameters. The results showed significant temporal and spatial correlation between 6 h TC records and variables in the T-D calendar over different timescales. Temporally, 6 h TC records in the T-D summer, generally from May 5 to August 6, of the 60 sidereal years were significantly correlated with the strength difference between yearly TianGan and yearly DiZhi for the sidereal years. Spatially, the longitudes and latitudes of 6 h TC records were also significantly correlated with daily variables in the T-D calendar. We conclude that, TC data over the WNP can be better interpreted using the quantified T-D calendar than the Gregorian calendar. Since this ancient time-labeling tool can provide properly organized data, it might be used to modify some inputs in current numerical models to improve forecasting power.
Key words: Tropical cyclone, frequency, temporal, sidereal, Gan-Zhi, calendar.
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