The main drive of this study is to examine the types and factor affecting the rural settlements in Haryana. Rural settlements are small and large agglomeration of people at favorable sites and are influenced by physical and socio-economic factors. This study has attempted to analyze the dispersion of rural settlements. Dispersion index has been calculated using average population size and average spacing of settlement to identify the types of rural settlements. Simple statistical technique such as medium and quartiles are used for classifying the settlements into different types such as compact, semi- compact, hamletted and dispersed. This study shows that compact and semi compact settlements are found in alluvial soil and indo-gangetic plain (central area), hamletted and dispersed settlements in hilly and desert area of the study region.
Keywords: Rural Settlement, Dispersion Index, Factor.