Journal of
Hospitality Management and Tourism

  • Abbreviation: J. Hosp. Manage. Tourism
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6575
  • DOI: 10.5897/JHMT
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 59

Full Length Research Paper

The role of sport tourism in employment, income and economic development

Fazele Homafar1, Habib Honari1, Akbar Heidary2*, Taghi Heidary3 and Afsane Emami4
  1Allame Tabatabe`I University, Tehran, Iran. 2Tehran University, Tehran, Iran. 3Tarbiat Modares University, Iran. 4Zanjan University, Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 28 March 2011
  •  Published: 30 May 2011

Abstract

 

Sport tourism is a new concept in the world having the most growth in tourism industry. Many countries enjoy an appropriate status with respect to sport tourism and, accordingly, contribute directly to their nation’s economic prosperity. Hence, the goal of this research is to compare and survey tourism managers, interest managers and tourisms’ ideas about creation of sport tourism-induced employment and income in Mazandaran-Iran. The tool of this research is a researcher-made five scale likert questionnaire. The questionnaire reliability and the coefficient validity were confirmed by experienced professors and with (α = 0.82), respectively. Finally, the data analysis was carried out using the SPSS software and χ2 statistic test. The results showed that job creation (χ= 4.360, p = 0.35) and income production (χ= 1.633, p = 0.80) were previously at a minimum. However, the role of tourism industry development is believed to create jobs (χ= 9.740, p = 0.04) and income (χ= 5.224, p = 0 .51). When compared with other studies, the present research indicates that future sport tourism industry influences job and income production in the regions hosting the sport events provided that the sport tourism industry and its respective infrastructures are well-developed.

 

Key words: Sport tourism, tourism economic, income, employment, sport, tourism, job