Journal of
Infectious Diseases and Immunity

  • Abbreviation: J. Infect. Dis. Immun.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2375
  • DOI: 10.5897/JIDI
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 81

Full Length Research Paper

Hepatitis B vaccination and its associated factors among health care workers working in Wolayita Sodo Hospitals, Southern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Agegnehu Bante
  • Agegnehu Bante
  • Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.
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Megbaru Debalkie
  • Megbaru Debalkie
  • Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.
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Asmare Getie
  • Asmare Getie
  • Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.
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Biresaw Wassihun
  • Biresaw Wassihun
  • Department of Midwifery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.
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Abera Mersha
  • Abera Mersha
  • Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.
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Yimam Ahmed
  • Yimam Ahmed
  • Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.
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Gedeno Kusse
  • Gedeno Kusse
  • Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.
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Jemal Beketa
  • Jemal Beketa
  • Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.
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Jemal Seid
  • Jemal Seid
  • Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.
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Mulugeta Abate
  • Mulugeta Abate
  • Department of Nursing, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia.
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  •  Received: 21 May 2019
  •  Accepted: 12 July 2019
  •  Published: 31 August 2019

Abstract

Hepatitis B is the principal public health problem among diverse segments of inhabitants. However, attention is not given on its prevention strategy, especially among health care workers. Hence, the intention of this study was to assess hepatitis B virus vaccination status and associated factors among health care workers working in Wolayita Sodo hospitals, Southern Ethiopia. An institution based cross-sectional study was employed from May 10 to 25, 2018. A total of 370 participants was selected using simple random sampling. A self-administered questionnaire was used and the data were entered into EpiData 3.1 and exported to SPSS 22.0 for analysis. Both bivariate and multivariable analysis were applied and statistical significance was declared at P-value < 0.05. Of the participants, 62.7% (95% CI: 57.75, 67.65) received a full dose of the vaccine. Being female (AOR=1.87, 95 % CI: 1.16, 3.01), worked for four years and above (AOR=1.91 95% CI: 1.22, 3.13], working at ward and delivery (AOR=2.26, 95% CI: 1.41, 3.63), good knowledge (AOR=2.0, 95% CI: 1.20, 3.04) and favorable attitude (AOR=1.9, 95% CI: 1.17, 2.97) were statistically associated with vaccination. This study revealed that vaccination of healthcare providers was sub-optimal. Thus, boundless stress should be given to expand the vaccination coverage of the virus.

Key words: Hepatitis B virus, vaccination, healthcare workers, Ethiopia.