Background: - Pregnancy-induced hypertension has remained a significant cause of prenatal morbidity and mortality of mothers. So this study aims to assess renal function test, serum total protein, and lipid profile concentrations among pregnancy-induced hypertension women in Asrade Zewudie Memorable hospital (ASZMPH), Gojjam, Ethiopia.
Methods:- A case-control study was done on 200 pregnant women; 100 with pregnancy-induced hypertension (case group) and 100 normotensives (control group) at Asrade Zewudie Memorable Primary hospital Gojjam, Ethiopia; from January 24, 2020, to April 30, 2020. 5 ml of venous blood was collected on the SST test tube and analyzed for serum lipid profile, renal function test, and serum total protein. The analysis was done by using SPPS software (version 20.0). The level significance was set at a 95% confidence interval (P-value is less than 0.05 was considered clinically significant).
RESULT:- In the present study, there was a significant increase in the serum TC, TGs, blood urea, serum creatinine, and LDL (p < 0.05) and a significant decrease in HDL cholesterol in case groups as compared to normal groups (p < 0.05). The elevation of serum total protein was not significant (p >0.05). The outcome of the final multiple logistic regression model indicate that factors like BMI, habits of doing scheduled exercise, habit of drinking alcohol, habit of fruit consumption, trimester and gravidity were have significant association with lipid profile tests of the study participants. In the present study; the degree of association between different risk factors selected in multiple logistic regression and lipid profile tests was more significant in case group relative with control group.
CONCLUSION:- According to the result of this study; early detection of altered lipid profile and renal function test in preeclamptics, the incidence of complications can be decreased, which in turn reduces the materno-fetal morbidity and mortality.
Keywords: Lipid profile, serum total protein, renal function test, PIH, and Ethiopia