Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3835

Table of Content: 4 November 2010; 4(21)

November 2010

Antitumor and antibacterial activity of four fractions from Heracleum persicum Desf. and Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume

At the present study tumor inhibition and antibacterial activity of the essential oils of Heracleum persicum and Cinnamomum zeylanicum was investigated. Methanol and petroleum ether were extracted from C. zeylanicum by potato disk method. These fractions showed cytotoxic effects in brine shrimp lethality assay (BSL). The authors found both H. persicum (57.16 %) and C....

Author(s): Golamreza Dehghan Noudeh, Fariba Sharififar, Ali Dehghan Noodeh, Mohammad Hassan Moshafi, Masoud Ahmadi Afzadi, Effat Behravan, Mehdi Aref and Ramin Sakhtianchi

November 2010

In vitro antioxidant and cytotoxic activity of Gunnera perpensa L. (Gunneraceae) from South Africa

Gunnera perpensa L. (Gunneraceae) is a medicinal plant used by Zulu traditional healers to induce labor, expel the placenta after birth and to relief menstrual pains. Phytochemical screening of the rhizomes revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, steroids, saponins, tannins and glycosides. Methanol extracts of G. perpensa exhibited strong scavenging of 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) and...

Author(s): M. B. C. Simelane, O. A. Lawal, T. G. Djarova and A. R. Opoku

November 2010

Nutritional and chemical evaluation of Momordica charantia

Momordica charantia is used for some medicinal purposes in traditional medicine. The nutritional and chemical compositions of M. charantia were investigated using standard analytical methods. The proximate composition showed the percentage moisture, ash, crude lipid, crude fibre, crude protein and carbohydrate content of the plant materials. The calorific values for leaf, fruit and seed were 213.26,...

Author(s): Bakare R. I., Magbagbeola O. A., Akinwande A. I. and Okunowo O. W.

November 2010

Evaluation of in vitro antioxidant and antibacterial activities of Laminaria japonica polysaccharides

In the present study, Laminaria japonica polysaccharides was investigated for its free radical scavenging activity using three different in vitro assays and antibacterial activity. Laminaria japonica polysaccharides effectively scavenged the following free radicals: superoxide radical (O2-), hydroxyl radicals (OH-) and 1,1-diphenyl-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH-). The radical scavenging...

Author(s): Li-Ya Li, Li-Qi Li and Chang-Hong Guo

November 2010

Hairy roots production of transgenic Catharanthus roseus L. plants with Agrobacterium rhizogenes under in vitro conditions

Hypocotyl explants of Catharanthus roseus L. gave rise to callus at a frequency of 90% when cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) basal medium supplemented BA (31.1 µM) and NAA (5.4 µM) on dark conditions. The calli (8 weeks old) were placed onto half strength liquid MS medium that had been polluted by bacterial clones of Agrobacterium rhizogenes. Transgenic of calli regenerated...

Author(s): Mohsen Zargar, Farah Farahani and Tahereh Nabavi

November 2010

Antiproliferative activity of extracts of some Bolivian medicinal plants

Twenty-six plant species from the native flora used in Bolivian folk medicine were selected for studies of bioactivity. They belonged to the following families namely: Asteraceae (11), Brassicaceae (1), Cactaceae (1), Caesalpinaceae (2), Chenopodiaceae (1), Frankeniaceae (1), Geraniaceae (1), Laureaceae (1), Oxalidaceae (1), Piperaceae (1), Plantaginaceae (1), Rosaceae (1), Solanaceae (1) and Verbenaceae (2). Their...

Author(s): Gloria C. Rodrigo,, Giovanna R. Almanza, Bjorn Akesson and Rui-Dong Duan

November 2010

Chemical composition, repellent and antimicrobial activity of Schinus molle L.

The aim of this research was to determine the repellent and antimicrobial activities of the essential oil and hexanic extracts obtained from the leaves and fruits ofSchinus molle L. (Anacardiaceae). The composition of essential oils and hexanic extracts were analyzed by GC-MS. Oriental cockroach (Blatta orientalis L.) adults and nine bacterial strains were used...

Author(s): Onder Deveci, Artun Sukan, Nedim Tuzun and E. Esin Hames Kocabas

November 2010

Assessment of antioxidation potential of selected plants with antisickling property

Methanol extracts of herbs hitherto reported to have antisickling activity namely,Carica papaya leaf extract, Fagara zanthoxyloides root extract, Cajanus cajanseed extract and Parquetina nigrescens leaf extract, were evaluated in this study. An assessment of their antioxidation potential was determined by assaying for their phytochemical constituents, total phenol content, scavenging...

Author(s): Ngozi O. A. Imaga, S. O. Adenekan, G. A. Yussuph, T. I. Nwoyimi, O. O. Balogun and T. A. Eguntola

November 2010

Effects of AM fungi on growth, essential oil production and nutrients uptake in basil

The effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi on root colonization, growth, essential oil content and composition and nutrient acquisition of basil (Ocimum basilicum) was investigated as complete randomized design with 4 treatments and 4 replications. Fungi inoculation treatments consisted: Gf (Glomus fasciculatum), Ge (Glomus etuonicatum), Gi (Glomus intraradices), and NM (non-mycorrhizal). The results...

Author(s): MirHassan Rasouli-Sadaghiani,, Abbas Hassani, Mohsen Barin, Younes Rezaee Danesh and Fatemeh Sefidkon

November 2010

Microwave-assisted extraction of tannins from Chinese herb Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb

Tannins are water soluble polyphenols. Previous studies showed that Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb contains high levels of tannins. In this study, a microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) method was evaluated for the extraction of tannins. The optimal extraction conditions were as follows: irradiation power 500 W, ratio of solvent to material 35 ml/g, irradiation temperature 30°C and irradiation time 15 min. Under...

Author(s): Zhe-xiong Jin, Bao-Qing Wang and Zhi-Jie Chen

November 2010

Inhibition of hormone sensitive lipase and pancreatic lipase by Rosmarinus officinalis extract and selected phenolic constituents

Rosmarinus officinalis L. (Rosemary) has been long claimed to have hypogylcemic-hypolipidemic dual effects in folkloric medicine. In an effort to explain rosemary's claimed benefits, numerous published studies have investigated an array of pharmacologic activities of the plant including anti-inflammatory, anticarcinogenic and metabolic effects. The question remained, however, as how rosemary would target both...

Author(s): Yasser Bustanji, Ala Issa, Mohammad Mohammad, Mohammad Hudaib, Khalid Tawah, Hatim Alkhatib, Ihab Almasri and Bashar Al-Khalidi

November 2010

Treatment of canine diabetes mellitus using Momordica charantia capsule and a restricted-fat high-fiber diet

The purpose of this study was to investigate effect of the Momordica charantia (MC) capsules, combined with insulin hormone and a high-fiber diet on the treatment of diabetic dogs.  Twenty-five client-owned dogs with naturally occurring diabetes mellitus were entered into the study.  All dogs were fed with a commercially available restricted-fat high-fiber diet and received insulin subcutaneously once a day....

Author(s): Kamoltip Thungrat, Pinit Pusoonthornthum, Kamonwan Fish and Sirintorn Yibchok-anun

November 2010

Gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of the hexane and benzene extracts of the Piper betle (leaf stalk) (Family: Piperaceae) from India

The oily fraction of the leaf stalk of Piper betle of Indian origin, led to the identification of number of esters compounds. The hexane eluates of n-hexane extract of P. betle yielded a waxy fraction which was rechromatographed on silica gel column. Its hexane and 25% benzene eluates yielded waxy liquids, which were small in amount and was not separated by column chromatography. Hence they were...

Author(s): Binit Kumar Dwivedi, Sunil Kumar, C. Nayak and B. K. Mehta

November 2010

A study on elemental contents of medicinally important species of Artemisia L. (Asteraceae) found in Pakistan

Genus Artemisia is cosmopolitan in distribution and its several species are being used in folk therapeutic treatments worldwide. In this study, elemental compositions of seventeen indigenous species...

Author(s): Muhammad Ashraf and Muhammad Qasim Hayat, and Abdul Samad Mumtaz

November 2010

Biochemical, haematological and histopathological studies of extract of Ageratum conyzoides L. in Sprague Dawley rats

This study was conducted to evaluate the safety potential of the leaf extract ofAgeratum conyzoides Linnaeus in Sprague Dawley (SD) rats using biochemical, haematological and histological indices of toxicity. Four groups of seven male SD rats per group were used for the study. To group A was administered 0.25% CMC-Na/ kg body weight and was used as the control group, while groups B, C and D were respectively...

Author(s): Abiodun Humphrey Adebayo, Guang-Zhi Zeng, Jun-Ting Fan, Chang-Jiu JI, Wen-Jun He, Jun-Ju Xu, Yu-Mei Zhang, Afolabi Akintunde Akindahunsi, Roseline Kela and Ning-Hua Tan

November 2010

Effect of perforations of culture vessel cap on growth and leaf microstructure of in vitro plantlets of Artemisia annua L.

Glandular trichomes on leaf epidermis of Artemisia annua was a major site for artemisinin production. The influence of culture vessel fitted with or replaced with perforated cap was investigated on growth and microstructures of in vitro A. annua leaves. Increment in height and fresh biomass of plantlets regardless of clones (TC1, TC2 and Highland) in culture vessel fitted with normal cap were...

Author(s): Lo Kiah Yann, Ku Nornadia, Ch’ng Song Jin, Nur Izzati, Arvind Bhatt, Ning Shu Ping and Chan Lai-Keng

November 2010

Rice bran phytic acid (IP6) induces growth inhibition, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis on human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells

Phytic acid (inositol hexaphosphate or IP6) is one of the bioactive compound that is present in cereals, nuts and legumes. IP6 is a naturally occurring polyphosphorylated carbohydrate, recognized to posses various significant health benefits including anticancer effects. Several in vitro and in vivo studies provide convincing evidence for the anticarcinogenic properties of commercial rice...

Author(s): Shafie Nurul-Husna, Mohd Esa Norhaizan, Ithnin Hairuszah, Md Akim Abdah, Saad Norazalina and Ismail Norsharina

November 2010

N-acetylcysteine an Allium plant compound protects against chromium (VI) induced oxidant stress and ultrastructural changes of pancreatic beta-cells in rats

The present study was carried out to determine the effectiveness of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in alleviating chromium (VI)-induced beta-cell damages in rats. Sixty male albino rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 15/group). Group I remained untreated; Group II received single dose of potassium dichromate (50 mg/kg b.w., s.c.); Group III received NAC (200 mg/kg b.w., i.p.) before chromium (VI) injection (50...

Author(s): Ahmed M. Abu El-Saad, Ashraf M. Abdel-Moneim, and Hala M. Abdel-Karim

November 2010

Some observations on Saudi medicinal plants of veterinary importance

Current study was undertaken during summer 2010 in Saudi Arabia, with the aim to investigate the significance of medicinal plants and their use in the treatment of different ailments in livestock. The plants were collected, properly identified, and their folklore traditional uses were recorded. Ethno-veterinary information was collected through the show-and-tell/semi-structured method and personal interviews during...

Author(s): Mohammed N. Alyemeni, Hassan Sher, and Leonard Wijaya