Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007

JMPR Articles in press

Antioxidant, Urobactericidal and Antibiotic Modulating Activity of a Parasitic Medicinal Plant: Cuscuta reflexa Roxb.

Article in Press

Therapeutic potential of the age-old Indian herbal remedies needs an immediate scientific validation, against urogenital problems. This study investigates the antibacterial efficacy of the methanolic extract of Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. (C. reflexa) stem through multiple diffusion techniques and the zone of inhibitions (ZOIs) are expressed in millimetres. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) is found to be 1.25mg/mL against...

Author(s): Sangeeta Rani Tripathy, N. Susmita Pradhan and Sarita Das

Biochemical and haematological effects of ethanol leaf-extract of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius in testosterone propionate-induced benign prostate hyperplasic rats

Article in Press

The biochemical and haematological effects of ethanol leaf-extract of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius in testosterone propionate-induced benign prostate hyperplasia rats were investigated. Thirty male albino rats used for the study were distributed into six groups of 5 rats each. Group 1 was subcutaneously administered 1ml/kg body weight of olive oil and 1ml/kg of distilled water orally. Groups 2-6 were induced with BPH via...

Author(s):Valentine Osita Godwin Nwobodo, Udu Ama Ibiam, Charles Chiedozie Ndu, Obiajulu Christian Ezeigwe, Obasi Uche Orji and Blessing Ngozi Osita

Phytochemical, antioxidant and bioassay activity studies of the seed extracts of black mustard

Article in Press

The seed parts of the black mustard are traditionally used to treat different ailments beyond food in Ethiopia. This was promoted as a way to assess the constituents and bioassay activities of the seed parts of this plant through soaking with n-hexane and acetone consecutively. A reduced zone of inhibition against bacterial strains and a decreased antioxidant scavenging effectiveness are observed in the n-hexane-extracted...

Author(s): Esubalew Meku, Abere Habtamu, and Abebaw Shitahun

Phytochemical screening and biological activities of Copaifera langsdorffii Desf. (Fabaceae) organic extracts.

Article in Press

This study explores the therapeutic potential of Copaifera langsdorffii Desf. (Fabaceae), commonly known as Copaíba, a legume renowned for its oleoresin extraction. The organic extracts from Copaíba's leaves, stem bark, and wood, using n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and methanol, were investigated for their antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory activities. In vitro assessments included determining minimum inhibitory...

Author(s):Caio Cézar Oliveira de Lucena, Camila Joyce Alves da Silva, Raudiney Frankilin Vasconcelos Mendes, Kêsia Xisto da Fonseca Ribeiro de Sena, Teresinha Gonçalves da Silva and Rafael Matos Ximenes

Genome Analysis, In Vitro Conservation and Study of Active Compounds of Two Colchicine Producing Indigenous Medicinal Herbs: A Review

Article in Press

The medicinal plants constitute a major flora in India. There are several species of plants distributed throughout India having different pharmacological importance. However, indiscriminate exploitation by different industries as well as excessive use of medicinal plant species by rural people have resulted in the drastic reductionof population in the wild. In the present review article, genome analysis, in vitro...

Author(s):Sandip Mukhopadhyay Kotisree Lahiri and Madhumita J Mukhopadhyay

Cytotoxicity effect of aqueous, ethanolic and methanolic extract of Mentha spicata on human cancer cell-line (MDA-MB-231) and its antibacterial activity

Article in Press

Mentha spicata is an herb with several biological activity. The study assessed the cytotoxicity activity in vitro of ethanolic, methanolic and aqueous extracts from Mentha spicata against human breast cancer cells lines (MDA-MB-231) using MTT assay and cultured in DMEM with 10% gentamicin. In the presence of different extracts (Aqueous, ethanolic and methanolic), the cells were incubated at 24 and 48 hours with controls....

Author(s):Franck Patrick Itsong and Erkay Özgör

Antioxidant and HO-1-inducing potentials of the aqueous whole plant extract of Phyllanthus niruri.

Article in Press

Phyllanthus niruri has a considerable wide usage as a medicinal plant in South Western Nigeria and decoction is one of the forms of preparation. The neutralization of ROS by natural antioxidants helps manage various diseases, arousing interest in natural antioxidants. We therefore examined the antioxidative and HO-1-inducing capacity of the aqueous extract of Phyllanthus niruri (P. niruri). The antioxidant capacity of P....

Author(s):Temitope OlaWale Jeje, Akinwunmi .O Adeoye and Emmanuel Oluwafemi Ibukun

Phytochemical analysis and screening for in-vitro antioxidant and anti-microbial properties of Purpurascens posumbes and Polygonum posumbes from Manipur, India

Article in Press

Phytochemicals are non-nutritive chemical compounds that occur naturally in plants and have diverse properties. Based on the traditional or folklore knowledge in this present study two medicinal plants, Purpurascens posumbes, and Polygonum posumbes were analyzed for phytochemicals and their antimicrobial activities. Qualitative analysis of Purpurascens posumbes showed alkaloids, phenol, flavonoids, tannins, coumarins, and...

Author(s):Dhiman Chandra Paul, Wankupar Wankhar, Rima Paul, Surjya Loying, Sonali Das, Ngangom Monika, and Minakshi Bhattacharjee

Evaluation of the in vitro toxicological potential of crude Piper aduncum extract

Article in Press

Several substances derived from plant metabolism appear to have therapeutic effects, requiring toxicity and mutagenicity studies to determine their safe use capable of producing a satisfactory effect of the drug. Reports in the literature demonstrate that ethanolic extracts of P. aduncum leaves have antiprotozoal, antimalarial and insecticidal activity. The present study aimed to conduct pre-clinical toxicological tests of...

Author(s):Rodrigues, K.M.M.T., da Silva, J.F.M and do Nascimento, G.N.

Phytochemical investigation of prosopis juliflora leaves extracts and their insecticidal activity

Article in Press

One known compound trans-ferrulate (compound 1) together with fatty acids derivatives were isolated from the leaves of plant Prosopis juliflora. It is an invasive plant found in dry regions of Kenya mainly Baringo, Turkana, Tana river and other regions. The plant has been reported to possess many phytochemicals, some of which are assumed to possess insecticidal activities. The leaves were collected from Baringo County,...

Author(s):Joyce Jepkorir Kiplimo

Hepatoprotective effects of African walnut (Tetracarpidium conophorum) seed extract on dimethyl nitrosamine-induced liver injury in wistar rats

Article in Press

The African Walnut plant is a climber which grows mainly in Nigeria and Cameroun. It is a lesser-used oil plant with probable efficacy for treating proliferative diseases. This study investigated the antioxidant properties of African walnut seed oil (AWSO) on Dimethyl nitrosamine (DMN) induced liver injuries in Wistar rats. The AWSO was extracted with n-hexane using the Soxhlet apparatus. Sets of 30 Wistar rats in 6 groups...

Author(s):Esosa Samuel Uhunmwangho, Olafusi Celestina Oluwaseun and Osungbemiro Bamkole Walter

Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in and around Aba-Asrat Monastery, east Gojjam zone, northwestern Ethiopia

Article in Press

The study was undertaken with the general objective of providing documentation of traditional medicinal plants (MPs), and associated indigenous knowledge of the people inhabiting in and around Aba-Asrat Monastery, East Gojjam Zone, North western Ethiopia. Ethnobotanical data were collected using semi-structured interviews, observation and focus group discussions in the field. A total of 160 (100 males and 60 females)...

Author(s):Nigussie Amsalu and Reta Regassa

Phytochemical composition and antioxidant potentialities of the bioactive fraction of Annona senegalensis Pers. root barks, harvested in Burkina Faso

Article in Press

The present study focuses on the phytochemical composition and in vitro and in vivo antioxidant properties of A. senegalensis root bark. Phenolic total compounds and tannins were quantified by Folin-Ciocalteu, and flavonoids by described by Arvouet-Grand et al. Alkaloids were determined using atropine as a reference. For antioxidant activities, FRAP assay; DPPH, RPA, and RHS were evaluated by standard methods. Thus, A....

Author(s):Kiessoun Konaté, Roger Dakuyo, Kabakdé Kaboré, Abdoudramane Sanou, Hemayoro Sama and Mamoudou Hama Dicko

Ethnobotanical Study and Ethnopharmacological Profiling of Medicinal Plants in Sheka Zone, Southwest Ethiopia

Article in Press

The insufficient documents created challenges for proper use and conservation of medicinal plants in Southwest Ethiopia. Therefore, the present study was aimed to identify and document the medicinal plants, and their ethnopharmacological profiling used by traditional herbalists in Sheka zone. For this, the medicinal plants ethobotanical data was analysed from traditional herbalists (n=23) using qualitative and quantitative...

Author(s):Fisseha Mengstie Tegegne

Antibacterial activity of crude extracts of Terminalia ivorensis against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas spp isolated from burns wounds

Article in Press

Herbal plants have long been recognized to possess antimicrobial properties, from ancient medical practice. This study was undertaken to investigate the antibacterial activities of Terminalia ivorensis crude extracts against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas species isolated from burn wounds. A total of 200 burn wounds swab samples were collected from patients at Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital...

Author(s):Nwigboji E. N., Nwuzo A. C. and Moses I. B.

Anti-quorum sensing potential of Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae) extracts from Burkina Faso.

Article in Press

Pseudomonas aeruginosa causes infections in human particularly immunocompromised patients with cystic fibrosis, severe burns and HIV, resulting in high morbidity and mortality. The pathogenic bacteria P. aeruginosa produces virulence factors regulated by the mechanism called quorum sensing system. The aim of this study was to assess the anti-quorum sensing activity of Ageratum conyzoides extracts. Chromobacterium violaceum...

Author(s):Eli Compaoré, Vincent Ouédraogo, Moussa Compaoré, Ablassé Rouamba and Martin Kiendrebeogo

Effects of different levels of watercress (Nasturtium officinalis) powder on performance, antioxidant status, and serum metabolites in broiler chickens

Article in Press

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of different levels of watercress (Nasturtium officinale) powder on growth performance, antioxidant status, and blood parameters in broiler chickens. A total of 240 day-old male broiler chicks (Cobb-500) were divided into 04 treatments with 04 replicates of 15 birds each. Dietary treatments were included a corn-soybean diet as a control group along with diets containing 0.5, 1 and...

Author(s):Rebwar Abdollahi, Amirali Sadeghi, Ahmad Karimi and Assad Vaziri

A Mini-review on Musanga cecropioides R. Br. ex Tedlie

Article in Press

Musanga cecropioides R. Br. ex Tedlie (family Urticaceae) is a tree distributed across some parts of Africa including Nigeria. Ethnomedicinal surveys of Musanga cecropioides implicate that its various parts are used in the management of several health conditions asides the numerous uses reported ethnobotanically. This review was thus aimed at assessing the extent of work done on Musanga cecropioides parts scientifically in...

Author(s):Goddidit E. E. and MacDonald I. and MacDonald Idu

Pharmacognostic profile, phytochemical screening and antifertility effect of the leaves of Cassia arereh Del. (Caesalpiniaceae) in female rats

Article in Press

Several plant extracts inhibit male and female fertility and may be developed into contraceptives. Cassia arereh Del. is a small tree widely spread and used in Nigeria for various purposes. This plant species is employed to restore the fertility among women. This study aimed to investigate the pharmacognostic, phytochemical profiles and the antifertility activity of the leaves of Cassia arereh. The pharmacognostic and...

Author(s):Dalen Gwatau Dafam, Adama Dénou, Agnes Ajaba Obugo, Nanmwa Nden Zitta, Lydia Ior, Temitayo Lucia Ohemu, Victoria Akpidi Okwori and Selbut Longtau

Ethnobotanical Survey of Medicinal Plants Used in the Management of Asthma in North-Western Nigeria.

Article in Press

: Backgroud: The development of an ethnobotanical research for medicinal plants enables the characterization of botanical knowledge which includes the plants, plants parts used, method of preparation and method of administration of the drug. Variety of plant species from different families are used in the treatment of asthma in north-western part of Nigeria. A collection of these medicinal plants was developed. The...

Author(s):Ibrahim Mu’azzamu Aliyu, Mohammed Garba Magaji, Jamilu Yau and Danjuma Nuhu Muhammed

Evaluation of Anti-Bacteria and Anti-Oxidant effects of lophira lanceolata on excision wound healing of albino rats

Article in Press

Folkloric use of Lophira lanceolata in Western Africa for treatment of wounds and some bacterial-associated infections was investigated. In-vitro antibacterial activity against 5 bacterial isolates was done using inhibitory zone diameter (IZD), minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of hydroethanolic extract of Lophira lanceolata (HELL) bark. Ointments of paraffin wax and...

Author(s):Udegbunam Sunday Ositadinma, Orji Hyacinth Chikwado, Okereke Henry Nnamdi, Ezeobialu Henry Toochukwu and Udegbunam Rita Ijeoma

Analysis by GC (Ir), GC/MS and mosquito repellent effect of essential oils against Anopheles gambiae: case of stem bark of Sterculia tragacantha Lindl (Sterculiaceae) from Côte d'Ivoire

Article in Press

Summary Objectives: To determine the chemical composition and to evaluate the mosquito repellent property of essential oils extracted from the bark of the stem of Sterculia tragacantha Lindl on Anopheles gambiae, vector of malaria. Methods: The essential oil of the stem bark of Sterculia tragacantha Lindl is extracted by hydrodistillation, and their chemical compositions were identified by GC (Ir) and GC-MS. This oil has...

Author(s):Sahi Zlankeuhon Jerome, Boua Boua Benson, Ouattara Allassane Foungoye, Mamyrbekova-Bekro Janat Akhanovna and Bekro Yves-Alain

Metabolic profile of wistar rats after consumption of flour prepared with grains and fruits

Article in Press

The occurrence of chronic and degenerative diseases, such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and cancer is increasing sharply. In the last years, there has been an increase in interest in the consumption of foods with functional properties that are related to weight loss and disease prevention. For these reasons, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of flour prepared with grains and fruits on the...

Author(s):Barbara Bucalem, Barbara Geraldo Amaro, Bruna Gomes Prado, Julia Novacki, Sandra Maria Barbalho, Élen Landgraf Guiguer, Maricelma da Silva Soares de Souza, Manuela dos Santos Bueno, Adriano Cressoni Araújo, Raul José Girio and Patrícia Cincotto dos Santos Bueno

The effects of Boswellia serrata, Zingiber officinale and Ginkgo biloba extracts in combination on memory impairment in mice

Article in Press

Introduction: Cognitive decline induced by oxidative brain damage is the critical pathological hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease. Studies have shown that individual administration of Boswellia serrata Roxb (BS), Zingiber officinale Roscoe (ZO) and Ginkgo biloba L. (GB) extracts improved memory and learning through a different mechanism of actions. This study aimed to compare the individual effects of each extract with their...

Author(s):Arsalan M. , Masoud S.D., Ali Hosseini S., and Mohammad R.

GC-MS and NMR studies on leaf essential oil of Eucalyptus citriodora from Kaduna, Nigeria

Article in Press

The leaf essential oil of Eucalyptus citriodora Hook belonging to the family Myrtaceae was analysed by GC-MS. The essential oil was obtained by hydrodistillation in yield of 3.5% (v/w). Twenty-nine different components accounting for 100% of the total volatile oils were identified. Citronellal (46.87%) was the predominant monoterpene constituent, followed by isopulegol (7.68%), citronellol (7.47%), 3-tetradecanol (4.98%)...

Author(s):Okhale SE, Ugbabe GE, Ibrahim JA, Egharevba HO, Kunle OF and Igoli JO

In-Vivo Anti-Inflammatory activity of different parts of adansonia digitata

Article in Press

The aim of the study is to investigate the anti-inflammatory property of the different parts of Adansonia digitata (Malvaceae) extracts. A. digitata is an important medicinal plant to West Africa including Ghana. The plant is used effectively in folk medicine to treat inflammatory diseases such as joint disorders, asthma, toothache and painful swelling. Carrageenan-induced pedal oedema in 7-day old chicks was used for the...

Author(s):Anna Kwarley Quartey, Isaac Ayensu, Emmanuel Orman, Nana Ama Mireku-Gyimah, Yakubu Jibira, Phoebe Esinam Gokua

Pachyrhizus spp. seed extracts control the Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc. mycelial growth

Article in Press

The present paper has aimed to characterize the bioactivity being exerted on S. rolfsii in vitro by seed aqueous extracts from 64 yam bean (Pachyrhizus spp.) genotypes as well as their maceration times (0, 48 and 72 h). Three experiments were carried out following a completely randomized design with 64 treatments (potato-dextrose-agar PDA+extracts) with two controls (PDA with no extract and PDA+Cabrio® Top in the dose of 4...

Author(s):Rodrigo Goncalves de Lima, César Augusto Ticona-Benavente, Danilo Fernando da Silva Filho, Leandro Sousa e Silva and Rândrea Grazziella Verçosa Guimarães

Antibacterial effects of the organic crude extracts of freshwater algae of Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

Article in Press

In the recent past, the importance of freshwater algae has grown enormously due to their antibiotic activity against certain species of bacteria known for several disease states like endocarditis, external otitis, skin rash, etc. Also, there is a growing concern among the immunocompromised individuals that they may be susceptible to antibiotics and anti-fungal resistant infections resulting in increased fatality rates....

Author(s):Noel Vinay Thomas, Rawa Raouf Ismail, A Salomy Monica Diyya, Dlzar Dlshad Ghafour and Lanya Karwan Jalal

Trematocidal activity of certain plant species against rumen fluke Fischoederius cobboldi

Article in Press

The anthelmintic potential of twelve solvent extracts of four plant species were studied against adult Fischoederius cobboldi using in vitro systems. Generally the ethyl acetate extracts of all the plants showed prominent activity by inhibiting the fluke’s motility and reducing their survival in a concentration dependent manner. Compared to the vehicle treated controls, a very significant (P

Author(s):Praveen Krishnakumar, Madhuri Menon, Asha Rajagopal and Leyon Varghese

Paeonia emodi: A threatened important medicinal plant of higher himalayan region

Article in Press

Himalaya is well known for its rich biodiversity with respect to medicinal and aromatic plants and Paeonia emodi Wall. ex Royle is one of them locally known as Chandra (family Paeoniaceae). In India, it is distributed in North–West Himalaya from Kashmir to Garhwal-Kumaun regions of Uttarakhand with an altitudinal range of 1800 to 2800 m asl. P. emodi is highly effective for uterine diseases, blood purifier, colic,...

Author(s):Vijay Kant Purohit, Praveen Joshi, Jaidev Chauhan and Prem Prakash

Extraction and identification of antiviral and antitumor compounds from some marine algae in Egypt

Article in Press

Marine algae are considered a diverse source of bioactive compounds. This study aimed to detect the presence of antiviral and anticancer potential in extracts of marine algae ,extraction, purification and identification of some marine algae in Egypt were conducted.Water and solvent extraction of Ulvalactuca, Sargassumdentifolium, and Cystoseiaramyrica was conducted. A sequence of extractions, including ethanol (EtOH),...

Author(s):Essam Ahmed M, Abdelhamid Hamdy A. and Bandar Alshehri M.,

Cauliflower seeds inoculated with Aspergillus flavus and treated with essential oils of thyme, lemongrass and rosemary

Article in Press

Due to the action of essential oils of thyme, lemongrass and rosemary against microorganisms and little studies about these essential oils on vegetable seed treatment, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the treatment with these essential oils on cauliflower seeds inoculated with A. flavus and the effect in the physiological and sanitary quality. Cauliflower seeds inoculated with the fungus Aspergillus sp....

Author(s):Pâmela Gomes Nakada-Freitas, César Augusto Santos, Stefani Silva Bustamonte, Danielle Carla dos Santos, Estefânia Martins Bardiviesso, Antonio Ismael Inácio Cardoso, Talita Silveira Amador, Natália de Brito Lima Lanna

Neuroprotective effect of acetone/water extract from Moroccan Cistus Monspeliensis against affective and cognitive disorders and oxidative stress induced by alcohol withdrawal syndrome in Wistar Rat

Article in Press

Alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS) is a common medical problem that can occur as a result of reducing or cessation of alcohol consumption and lead to alcoholic relapse. The objective of the present study is to investigate the neuroprotective effect of an acetone water extract from Moroccan Cistus Monspeliensis (CM) against the development of AWS and its associated disorders. To study AWS related disorders and possible...

Author(s):Salsabile Rhezzal, Hicham El-Mostafi, Hasna Ahyayauch, Aboubaker El-Hessni, Ali Ouichou, Abderahim Kribii, Sara Haida, Abdelhalem Mesfioui

Medicinal Plants with Potential to Regulate Male Fertility

Article in Press

The strain on our environment due to increase in population is a major threat to the goals of sustainable development. The need to control population growth for conserving natural resources has led us to explore methods to control population. The best method to control population is to encourage and educate people about various contraceptive methods. There are various methods and technologies that are used to overcome this...

Author(s):Veena B Kushwaha

Sarcodon sp. – an unexplored wild mushroom as a potential source of antioxidants, β-D glucans and phenolic acids

Article in Press

The nutraceutical composition of Sarcodon sp, a wild edible mushroom has outstanding biological activities. However, up to now, not enough nutraceutical information has been reported for this fungus in Mexico, that is, about its preventive and/or therapeutic capacity. The purpose of this work was to describe taxonomically this mushroom and to determine total phenolic contents as equivalents of gallic acid, phenolics acids...

Author(s):E. López-Vázquez, F. Prieto-García, A. Díaz-Pérez, M. A. Hernández-Muñoz

Ethno-Botanical Survey of Medicinal Plants used in Traditional Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction in Akinyele Local Government Area, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

Article in Press

The documentation of medicinal uses of plants is becoming increasingly urgent because of the rapid loss of the natural habitat for some of these plants due to anthropogenic activities. Traditional knowledge of medicinal plants is also at risk of extinction due to the dependency on oral transmission, and as such, there is an urgent need to document such knowledge. The study aimed at document medicinal plants used in the...

Author(s):Ariyo, O. C., Usman, M. B., and Ariyo, M. O.

Endophytic Aspergillus sp. Isolated from leaves of Mangifera indica, and its Biological activities

Article in Press

Endophytic compounds from Nigerian plants is of significant interest in the search for drug compounds possibly due to their potentials to contribute new compounds with biological properties in the fight against drug resistance pathogens. Consequently, this study was embarked upon to investigate the bioactivities of secondary metabolites of endophytic Aspergillus sp. isolated from the leaves of Mangifera indica. Fresh...

Author(s):Victor U. Chigozie, Moses U. Okezie, Festus B.C. Okoye and Charles O. Esimone

In Vitro Antioxidant and Anti-diabetic Activities of Carica papaya Seed Extracts

Article in Press

Carica papaya seeds have been reported in folklore medicine as a remedy used in treating diabetes mellitus without a proper documented possible mode of action. This study aimed at evaluating antioxidant and anti-diabetic activities of Carica papaya seed extracts in vitro. The air-dried ripe seeds were coarsely powdered and extracted via the soxhlet method to obtain their crude extracts. The crude extracts were then...

Author(s):Reuben Agada and Dluya Samuel Thagriki

Aquatic herbal garden a model suited to the wet land area for production and conservation of aquatic and semi aquatic medicinal plants

Article in Press

Most of the wet land area either remains unutilized or underutilized for cultivation and conservation of economic species. The area either remains covered by means of weeds or unmanaged as such lies useless. The present article introduces a model of ‘Aquatic herbal garden’ developed by Herbal research and development Institute (HRDI) at its camps in Mandal area to utilize such partially or fully waterlogged area to...

Author(s):C. S. Sanwal, V. P. Bhatt, A. K.Bhandari, V. Purohit

Assessment of Active Components from Invasive Alien Plant Species Distributed in Bihar

Article in Press

Plant pathogenic microbes are on rise and thus causing plants quality deterioration. Use of chemicals to lessen their effect, knowingly or unknowingly leaves their side effects. Natural product, a suitable alternative as antimicrobial agent to curb effect of such plant pathogenic microbes has led to study many rare and uncommon plants. Our study aimed to find some active constituents from invading alien species (IAS)...

Author(s):Aleya Siddiquee and Md. Sarfaraz Ahmad

Phytochemical And Antimicrobial Analyses Of Leaf Extracts Of Cerathoteca Sesamoides And Chromolaena Odorata

Article in Press

It was reported in 2005 during WHO survey that about 70-80% of the world population use medicinal plants either in their crude unmodified form or partially in their modified semi-synthetic form of plant sources in their primary healthcare. The present study investigated the phytochemicals and antimicrobial activities of the leaf extracts of Cerathoteca sesamoides and Chromolaena odorata to ascertain their potentials in...

Author(s):Muhammad Auwal Abubakar, Anayo Christian Etonihu, Stephen Inegedu Audu, and Jibril Egwu Owuna

Levels of heavy metals in four malawian medicinal plants used for treatment of infectious diseases

Article in Press

Medicinal plants could potentially be contaminated with heavy metals during growing in the field, processing and/or handling. These heavy metals may be toxic to humans and cause damage to organs such as liver, kidneys and lungs. Currently, there is no data available on the levels of heavy metals in medicinal plants traditionally used for management of infectious diseases in Malawi. The aim of this study was to determine...

Author(s):Frank Ngonda, Placid Mpeketula, John Kamanula, Arox Kamng’ona, Fanuel Lampiao

Technical feasibility of products based on camu-camu (Myrciaria dubia): a review.

Article in Press

Camu-camu (CC) is a fruit from the Amazon that has been well studied and has great therapeutic potential. The present study was aimed at reviewing botanical, phitochemical and processing aspects of this fruit, in addition this biological effect. Results: Despite the amount of information available regarding this fruit and the potential use of this plant, the market lacks products based on camu-camu. This work summarizes...

Author(s):Josélia Larger Manfio, Juliana Andres Percio, Letícia Battisti Mallmann, Luis Felipe Priester, Suzane Gabriela de Carvalho, Viviane da Silva Lobo

Cholinesterase enzyme inhibitory activity of methanol leaf extract of Phaleria macrocarpa in Jananese madaka model

Article in Press

Neurodegenerative diseases refer to physiological changes leading to death of nerve cells present in the brain and spinal cord. Current treatment for this disease is not effective and caused many side effects. Thus, the search for alternative medicines is in high demand. Therefore, the aim of this study is to evaluate the anti-cholinesterase properties of Phaleria macrocarpa (leaf). Bioactive compounds from Phaleria...

Author(s):Ibrahim Maina Hassan, Wan Norhamidah Wan Ibrahim, Ferdaus Binti Mohamat Yusuf, Siti Aqlima Ahmad and Syahida Ahmad

Insecticidal effect of Hyptis suaveolens chemotype 1,8- cineole on lice, poultry parasites

Article in Press

Aromatic plants can provide potential alternative solutions to synthetic molecular currently used in the control of poultry ectoparasites because they are a rich source of bioactive chemicals. The purpose of this study is therefore to analyze the chemical constituents of the essential oil of H. suaveolens and to evaluate the insecticidal effect on lice parasite in chicken and turkey. A gas chromatographic analysis...

Author(s):Soumanou SALIFOU, Houénagnon Marcel Aristide HOUNGNIMASSOUN, Yvonne HOUNGBEDJI KINHOU, Christie Adjouavi DADO, Sabbas ATTINDEHOU and Sahidou SALIFOU

Phytochemical Analysis and Anti-diabetic Activity of Leaf Extract of Psydrax horizontalis Schum. and Thonn (Bridson).

Article in Press

Diabetes affects 422 million people in the world and caused 1.5 million deaths. The Psydrax genus has been reported to have various pharmacological activities. Based on ethno-pharmacological information, Psydrax horizontalis Schum. & Thonn. (Bridson) locally known as “Akata-ike” in Nsukka is used in the management of diabetes in South-eastern Nigeria. However, as at the time of this research, no previous work has been...

Author(s):Onyekere Peculiar Feenna, Odoh Uchenna Estella, Ezugwu Christopher Obodike

Chemo-profiling and assessment of antioxidant and antibacterial potentials of selected plants of family Combretaceae

Article in Press

Traditional medicine is used in all over the world, especially in developing countries. Though synthetic drugs are very effective but are harmful to human beings because of their side effects. Genus of Terminalia and Combretum species are belong to the family Combretaceae, which contains 20 genera and 600 species as herbs, shrubs and trees. These plants are used in different traditional medicine for their antioxidant...

Author(s):Arundhati Das,Akshayakumar Bastia and GyanaRanjan Rout

In vitro antimicrobial activities and phytochemical screening of selected plant extracts against some medically and agriculturally important pathogens

Article in Press

In Ethiopia, many plants are used for medicinal purpose by traditional healers without any scientific justification for their therapeutic values. The principal Aim of this study were to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial and antifungal activities of the leaf, root and stem bark extracts of Rhamnus prinioides (gesho), Justicia schimperiana (sensel) and Ruta chalepensis (Tena adam) against some common pathogenic species of...

Author(s):Yirgashewa Asfere, AmehaKebede and Manikandan Muthuswamy

Estimation of elemental concentrations of Durio zibethinus Murr. using Energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF)

Article in Press

The concentrations of essential macro and micro elements were determined using Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence technique (EDXRF) being the most suitable instrument for the multi-element analysis in plant samples. Two macroelements (Ca and K) and seven microelements (Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Rb, Sr and Br) were analyzed in different parts (leaves, wood bark and roots) of Durio zibethinus Murr. The results revealed the levels of...

Author(s):Adeniyi Sunday Adegoke and Olatunji Gabriel Ademola

An investigation into the practice and perceived essence of medicinal herb authentication by some stakeholders of traditional medicine in Ogbomoso, Oyo state, Nigeria

Article in Press

Reports from extensive surveys have indicated that about 70-80% of the world population; particularly in the developing countries rely on non-conventional medicine mainly of herbal origins for their primary health care. Correct identification and quality assurance of the starting materials are essential prerequisites to ensuring reproducible quality of herbal medicine which will contribute to its safety and efficacy. This...

Author(s):Adepoju Tunde Joseph OGUNKUNLE, Jennifer Ejiro IDEH, Esther Olubukola OBIREMI and Muhammed Adekunle JIMOH

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