Journal of
Medicinal Plants Research

  • Abbreviation: J. Med. Plants Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0875
  • DOI: 10.5897/JMPR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 3832

Table of Content: August 2009; 3(8)

August 2009

Non-conventional sources, antioxidative properties, and novel medicinal use of plant derivatives

Author(s): Meena Misra

August 2009

Salicornia herbacea: Botanical, chemical and pharmacological review of halophyte marsh plant

Salicornia (S.) herbacea L. (Chenopodiaceae) is a salt marsh plant and one of the most salt tolerant species on Western coast of Korea. In a long time, S. herbacea has been prescribed in traditional medicines for the treatment ofintestinal ailments, nephropathy, and hepatitis in Oriental countries. In addition,S. herbacea has recently reported to be effective on the atherosclerosis,...

Author(s): Man Hee Rhee, Hwa-Jin Park and Jae Youl Cho

August 2009

Antileukemia activity from root cultures of Vernonia amygdalina

Vernonia amygdalina, Del (Compositae) is an African medicinal plant well known for producing the anticancer agents’ vernodaline and vernolide. It grows wild under severe anthropogenic and environmental pressures. The roots are the principle material for herbal medicine. It is collected from the wild there is great variability in the quality and effectiveness of the root extracts. It is necessary to establish a...

Author(s): Mutasim M. Khalafalla, Eltayb Abdellatef, Hussein M. Daffalla, Amr A. Nassrallah, Khalid M. Aboul-Enein, David A. Lightfoot, Alan Cocchettoand Hany A. El-Shemy

August 2009

Evaluation of antioxidant activity of leave extract of Bauhinia rufescens Lam. (Caesalpiniaceae)

Antioxidant evaluation of Bauhinia rufescens used in Northern Nigerian traditional medicine, was carried out using 1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) and reducing power assay on the methanolic extract of the leaves. The results of the DPPH scavenging activity indicate a concentration dependent antioxidant activity with no significant difference (p < 0.05) at 50, 125 and 250 µgml-1 with...

Author(s): A. B. Aliyu, M. A. Ibrahim, A. M. Musa, H. Ibrahim, I. E. Abdulkadirand A. O. Oyewale

August 2009

Screening the root extracts from Biden pilosa L. var. radiata (Asteraceae) for antimicrobial potentials

Bidens pilosa L. is a medicinal plant in many regions of the world. The antimicrobial activity of the methanol, acetone and water extracts from the root of the South African ecotype was evaluated using agar dilution method. The extracts showed significant activity against all the bacteria and some fungi species tested in this study. The methanol extract inhibited all Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria with...

Author(s): A. O. T. Ashafa and A. J. Afolayan

August 2009

Efficacy of hydroalcoholic extract of Rheum ribes L. in treatment of major depressive disorder

Traditionally Rheum ribes L. has been used in Iran as sedative and mood enhancer. This study investigated the efficacy and safety of a hydroalcholic extract of R. ribes in treatment of mild to moderate major depression disorder 33 patients were randomly assigned to receive either Rheum ribes hydroalcoholic extract (1200 mg/day) or placebo in a 6-week, double blind and parallel-group trial. Patients...

Author(s): Mehdi Sayyah, Hatam Boostani, Siroos Pakseresht and Alireza Malayeri

August 2009

Multiple inflammatory and antiviral activities in Adansonia digitata (Baobab) leaves, fruits and seeds

Adansonia digitata (Baobab) is a traditional African medicinal plant with numerous applications, including treatment of symptoms of infectious diseases. Standardized commercial preparations of Adansonia digitata leaves, fruit-pulp and seeds were acquired and extracted with three different solvents, water, methanol and DMSO. The extracts were compared quantitatively for antiviral MIC100 (minimal...

Author(s): Vimalanathan Selvarani and Hudson James B.

August 2009

Lipid and fatty acid composition of wild and cultivated red raspberry fruits (Rubus idaeus L.)

Red raspberry (Rubus idaeus L.) is an economically important berry crop which contains a high number of bioactive compounds with potential health benefits. Wild raspberries are traditionally a part of the Turkish diet, since it’s very abundant in the northern parts of Turkey. In the present study, the lipid and fatty acid composition of wild grown and cultivated red raspberry fruits was analyzed. ...

Author(s): Ferit Celik and Sezai Ercisli

August 2009

Safety evaluations of the aqueous extract of the leaves of Moringa oleifera in rats

The aqueous extract from the leaves of Moringa oleifera was evaluated for its oral toxicity by the oral route, and for the sub-acute toxicity on haematological, biochemical and histological parameters in rats. In the acute toxicity test, M. oleifera extract caused no death in animals even at 2000 mg/kg dose. Oral treatments in rats with this extract at 400, 800 and 1600 mg/kg caused varied...

Author(s): A. A. Adedapo, O. M. Mogbojuri and B. O. Emikpe

August 2009

An assessment on the uses of Loranthaceae in ethno pharmacology in Cameroon: A case study made in Logbessou, North of Douala

Loranthaceae are known as hemiparasites of forest and cultivated trees. A study on their uses in ethno pharmacology were carried out in Logbessou in the North of Douala (Cameroon). We used a structured questionnaire to interview 150 active traditional healers in 2008. 82% of the healers recommended P. capitatafor the treatment of at least 22 diseases. We discuss the uses of Loranthaceaewith regard to...

Author(s): Dibong Siegfried Didier, Engone Obiang Nestor Laurier, Ndongo Din, Priso Richard Jules, Taffouo Victor, Fankem Henri, Salle Georges, Missoup Alain Didier, Boussim Issaka Joseph and Amougou Akoa

August 2009

Comparison of antitussive, expectorant and antiasthmatic activities of different extracts from Ficus microcarpa

The antitussive, expectorant and antiasthmatic activities of different extractsfrom Ficus microcarpa were compared. The water fraction was purified by a ceramic membrane to give membrane fraction. The evaporated water extract was extracted with MeOH, EtOAc, n-BuOH, respectively to obtain responding fractions. The animal experimental results showed the membrane fraction had remarkable...

Author(s): Li-Heng Liu, , Li-Sheng Wang, Xiong-Min Liu

August 2009

Inhibitory effect of Sorbus commixta extract on lipopolysaccharide-induced pro-inflammatory events in macrophages

Sorbus commixta has been known as enthopharmacologically valuable plant in Korea, China and Japan. This plant has been reported to display numerous pharmacological activities such as anti-oxidative, anti-ice nucleation, anti-vascular inflammation, anti-lipid peroxidation, anti-atherogenic, and vasorelaxant effects. Although numerous pharmacological potentials have been demonstrated, immunomodulatory effect of this...

Author(s): Tao Yu, Yong Jin Lee, and Jae Youl Cho

August 2009

Screening of medicinal plant extracts for antioxidant activity

The methanolic crude extracts of Desmodium gangeticum (Linn.), Eclipta alba(Linn.) Ocimum sanctum (Linn.), Piper longum (Linn.), Solanum nigrum (Linn.) and Amaranthus caudatus (Linn.) were screened for their free radical scavenging properties using ascorbic acid as standard antioxidant. Free radical scavenging activity was evaluated using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl...

Author(s): Prakash Veeru, Mishra Pankaj Kishor and Mishra Meenakshi