Journal of
Dryland Agriculture

OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE CENTRE FOR DRYLAND AGRICULTURE, BAYERO UNIVERSITY, KANO
  • Abbreviation: J. Dryland Agric.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2476-8650
  • DOI: 10.5897/JODA
  • Start Year: 2015
  • Published Articles: 22

Full Length Research Paper

Detection of Gastro-Intestinal Helminthes in Local Chicken (Gallus gallus) Sold at Sharada Market, Kano Metropolis, Nigeria

Imam T. S.
  • Imam T. S.
  • Department of Biological Sciences, Bayero University, Kano. PMB 3011, Kano, Nigeria
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Dambo R.
  • Dambo R.
  • Department of Biological Sciences, Bayero University, Kano. PMB 3011, Kano, Nigeria
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Sa’id M. A.
  • Sa’id M. A.
  • Department of Biological Sciences, Al-Qalam University, PMB 2137, Katsina, Nigeria
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Suleiman K.
  • Suleiman K.
  • Department of Biological Sciences College of Arts, Science and Remedial Studies PMB 3145, Kano, Nigeria
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  • Article Number - 2804CDD58288
  • Vol.3(1), pp. 19-27, December 2017
  •  Received: 01 November 2017
  •  Published: 01 November 2017

Abstract

Fifty gastrointestinal tracts of local breed chickens slaughtered at Sharada market slaughter slabs Kano State were collected and examined for helminth parasites, formol ether concentration technique was used to concentrate the gut and analysis carried out. A total of 95 parasites belonging to five species were isolated and identified. Of these parasite, Railleitina tetragona was found to be the most prevalent (22%) among the chicken breeds, followed by R. echinobothrida (18%), R. cesticillus (12%), the least were Ascaridia galli and Hetarakis gallinarum (10%) each. Statistically, there was significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) in prevalence rate of infection between number of chickens infected and number examined. Parasite preference to sex was also recorded, males harbored more parasites than females. It is recommended that slaughtered chickens should be well cooked to avoid zoonotic infections.
 
Key words: Gastrointestinal tracts, helminthes, local breed chickens, parasite, prevalence