Journal of
Oceanography and Marine Science

  • Abbreviation: J. Oceanogr. Mar. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2294
  • DOI: 10.5897/JOMS
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 59

Full Length Research Paper

Evidence for enhanced chlorophyll-a levels in the Bay of Bengal during early north-east monsoon

R. Bhushan
  • R. Bhushan
  • Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad 380 009, India.
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S. Bikkina
  • S. Bikkina
  • Bolin Center for Climate Research, Stockholm University, Sweden.
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J. Chatterjee
  • J. Chatterjee
  • National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad, India.
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S. P. Singh
  • S. P. Singh
  • Indian Institute of Sciences and Research, Bhopal, India.
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V. Goswami
  • V. Goswami
  • AIRIE Program, Colorado State University, Colarado, USA.
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L. C. Thomas
  • L. C. Thomas
  • Department of Marine Sciences, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Cochin, India.
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A. K. Sudheer
  • A. K. Sudheer
  • Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad 380 009, India.
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  •  Received: 26 September 2017
  •  Accepted: 08 December 2017
  •  Published: 28 February 2018

Abstract

To understand the chlorophyll-a distribution in the neritic waters of the northern Indian Ocean, which comprises the Arabian Sea on the west and the Bay of Bengal on the east, seawater samples were collected during early north-east monsoon season (November, 2008). The column integrated chlorophyll-a over the Arabian Sea and the North Bay of Bengal exhibit high concentrations. However, the southernmost station (0806) shows enhanced chlorophyll-a concentration compared to other stations in the south Bay (0807, 0808 and 0809). This is attributed to eddy pumping of nutrients from subsurface to surface waters of the Bay during the study period due to cyclonic conditions. This observation is further supported by the lack of nutrients in the surface waters at the other stations from the south Bay compared to the station 0806, which has high nutrient concentrations.  The observed salinity in the Bay of Bengal shows a strong north-south gradient with higher salinity in the southern part of the Bay. The supply of nutrients through fluvial input (that is, dominantly from the northern region) is insignificant. The enhanced chlorophyll-a concentration over the farthest station (0806) can be either due to Eddy mediated biological production or lateral advective transport of nutrients.

Key words: Chlorophyll-a, Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal, GEOTRACES, Eddies.