Journal of
Oceanography and Marine Science

  • Abbreviation: J. Oceanogr. Mar. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2294
  • DOI: 10.5897/JOMS
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 61

Full Length Research Paper

Removal of Fe(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), and Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions by duckweed

Jameel M. Dhabab
Department of Chemistry, College Of Science, Al-Mustunsiyria University, Baghdad, Iraq
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 20 December 2010
  •  Published: 31 January 2011



Duckweed was used to study the adsorption of Fe(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), and Pb(II) ions from aqueous solutions. The experimental conditions which includes; pH, contact time, initial concentration, and loading weight on the removal process were investigated. Bach adsorption was studied at 30°C. The efficiency of adsorption depends on pH value, it increases with the increase of pH value from (2-8 ) in range time between 60 to 90 min. The most percentage of removal in the main way of loading weighed was 1.5 gm and 50 ml mixed metal ions solution at 50 ppm concentration of each metal ion. The study of isothermal showed that data was confirmed with temkin isotherm model. The removal order was found to be Pb2+ < Zn2+ < Cu2+< Fe2+. The potential of application for the treatment of solutions containing these heavy metals in multimetal solutions is indicated. The characterization (the infrared) for the surface of duckweed showed the presence of many function groups which can be binding with metal cations.


Key words: Duckweed, heavy metals, adsorption, removal of metals, adsorption isotherm, adsorption from aqueous solution.