Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 653

Table of Content: 16 November, 2011; 3(11)

November 2011

Quality of General Practitioner Referral Letters to a South African Tertiary Hospital: Determinants of Quality Content and Good Practice

The aim of this paper is to describe the essential elements of information, to assess the quality of content, to audit the referral practice and to identify the determinants of both good referral and practice from the general practitioners’ referral letters received at a tertiary hospital. A cross-sectional descriptive and evaluative study was conducted at theOutpatient Department of the Dr. George...

Author(s): Mabuza Langalibalele, Maduna Patrick M. H, Mhlongo Samuel W. P, Ndimande John V and Longo-Mbenza Benjamin

November 2011

A Study on Outbreak of Dengue from Bihar, India-Establishing New Foci, Attributable to Climatic Changes Ragini Mishra1* and Prashant Kumar2

Dengue fever (DF) is a mosquito-borne viral infection which is emerging fast in terms of mortality and morbidity in humans worldwide, particularly in tropical and subtropical countries. DF is characterized clinically by headache, retro-orbital pain, myalgia, arthralgia, integumentary rashes, and sometimes with haemorrhagic manifestations. Aedes aegypti, the main vector species of dengue fever/dengue haemorrhagic...

Author(s): Ragini Mishra and Prashant Kumar

November 2011

Community Attitudes Towards Male Involvement in Home Based Care Activities for People Living with HIV and AIDS in Maseno Division, Western Kenya

Home-based care has emerged as an effective method of providing cost-effective and compassionate care to those infected with HIV and AIDS. Traditionally, women have been in the forefront in the provision of care for those infected with HIV/AIDS. However, there was low male involvement in home-based care services and little research has been done. This paper assesses community attitudes towards male involvement in...

Author(s): R. K. Makori, R. O. Onyango, R. Kakai and J. O. S. Osero

November 2011

Prescription Errors Prevalent in Four Units of a University Teaching Hospital in Nigeria

Errors in prescription in medical practice are a source of adverse events that can be prevented. This study aimed at assessing the prevalence of prescription errors and predisposing factors in four units (medical out-patient, general out-patient, wards, accident and emergency) of the University College Hospital (UCH) Ibadan. Twelve error descriptors developed from literature review were used to review the 1866...

Author(s): Oyedunni S. Arulogun, Simon K. Oluwole and Musibau A. Titiloye

November 2011

Socio-Economic Inequalities in the Risk of Diseases and Associated Risk Factors in India

Extant literature is full of studies on socio-economic inequalities in maternal and child health in India but studies on inequalities in risk of diseases are limited. We use data from India Human Development Survey (IHDS) conducted in 2004-05 to test two hypotheses: first, diabetes and high blood pressure are associated with affluence; and second, tuberculosis and mental illness are associated with poverty. We use...

Author(s): Mohammad Hifzur Rahman and Abhishek Singh

November 2011

Esthetic Self-Perception of HIV/AIDS Patients under Antiretroviral Therapy Suffering from Lipodystrophic Syndrome and its Influence on the Quality of Life in a City of the Brazilian Northeast

This paper aims to evaluate the impact of lipodystrophic syndrome (LDS) on the quality of life and esthetic self-perception of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) under highly activeantiretroviral therapy (HAART). This is an exploratory observational study, with quantitative and qualitative data, using world health organization quality of life instrument – HIV(WHOQOL-HIV BREF) and esthetic...

Author(s): Carla Glenda Souza da Silva and João Carlos Alchieri

November 2011

Risk for Unplanned Early Hospital Re-admission for Patients with Respiratory Tract Diseases: A Retrospective Study

The purpose of this study was to identify unplanned hospital re-admission risk factors in patients with respiratory tract diseases in Taiwan. This was a retrospective study. Study subjects were patients with primary diagnosis of respiratory tract diseases, which were defined by using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes. Eight hundred and seventy-six...

Author(s): Tzu-Chun Chen and Su-Hsien Chang

November 2011

Impacts of HIV/AIDS on Secondary School Science Teachers and Learners in Namibia

Namibia’s secondary school science teachers and learners are critical to the success of the country’s science, technology, engineering, and mathematics renaissance project. However, due to the high prevalence of HIV, there are fears that they may succumb to AIDS. Despite the eminent threats of HIV/AIDS on science education, there are no specific data that speak to the impacts of HIV/AIDS on science teachers...

Author(s): Kazhila C. Chinsembu, Choshi D. Kasanda, and Cornelia N. Shimwooshili-Shaimemanya

November 2011

Prevalence of Dog Gastrointestinal Parasites and Risk Perception of Zoonotic Infection by Dog Owners in Wondo Genet, Southern Ethiopia

Gastrointestinal parasites in dogs that inhabit in close proximity to humans have been shown to increase the risk of infection to humans, especially those living in rural areas. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of gastrointestinal helminth species found in partially owned/stray dogs and the potential impact these infection rates had on the surrounding communities in Wondo Genet, Southern Nations and...

Author(s): Octavius Jones, Nigatu Kebede, Tesfu Kassa, Getachew Tilahun, Chanda Macias

November 2011

Prevalence of Dementia in an Elderly illiterate Native Mexican Population of Indigenous Origin

This study aimed to clarify whether or not low level of education may function as a risk factor for dementia among native Mexicans. A door-to-door survey study in an elderly illiterate native Mexican subpopulation of indigenous origin was performed in order to detect prevalence of dementia using both DSM-IV criteria and the Brookdale test. The total village population surveyed included 2226 inhabitants, of which 65...

Author(s): Rafael Stryjer , , Baruch Spivak, , Roni Shiloh, , Lea Polak, ,Abraham Weizman,  and Josè Martin Rabey,