Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009

JPHE Articles in press

Article in Press

Obesity and overweight with their associated risk factors among type ii diabetes mellitus patients attending dessie hospitals, Northeast Ethiopia, 2017

Obesity and overweight are public health problems, which are most common nutritional disorders in developing and developed countries and becoming increasingly prevalent in developing countries. Obesity and overweight attributes for morbidity and mortality of millions of people with type II diabetes patients around the globe by making them vulnerable to other diseases and complications. Diabetes occurs when the body cannot...

Author(s):Selam Yimer Mohammed, Yeshimebet Ali Dawed , Foziya Mohammed Hussein

Article in Press

Prevalence of psychoactive substances use and associated factors among Health Sciences College Students, Southern Ethiopia

The use of psychoactive substances such as Alcohol, Khat and Cigarette has been recognized as the leading causes of human suffering. Its sphere of influence increase alarmingly and become the rising major public health and socio-economic problems worldwide. Even though substances use exhibit most segments of the societies, it is more spreading among the young generation. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence...

Author(s):Siraj Hussen, Zemenu Yohannes, Demelash Wachamo, Dejene Teklemariam, Wosenyeleh Semeon & Birkneh Tilahun Tadesse

Article in Press

Quality of life of HIV patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy: A scoping review

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is one of the life-threatening conditions that affects various domains of patients’ life. The quality of life (QoL) of HIV patients has emerged as a major public health concern. People living with HIV (PLHIV) experience numerous problems that range from discrimination, changes in the patterns of relationships (intimacy), loss of social status, role, jobs and financial resources....

Author(s):Nsagha Dickson Shey, Kibu Odette Dzemo, Verla Vincent Siysi, Albert Same Ekobo and Njouendou Abdel Jelil

Article in Press

AWARENESS AND PSYCHOSOCIAL SUPPORT FOR BREAST CANCER PATIENTS AND IT’S PUBLIC HEALTH IMPLICATIONS

Breast cancer is the most common and steeply rising cancer among women in Bangladesh. This qualitative observational study is done to assess the psychosocial sufferings of breast cancer patients. The purpose of the study is to evaluate eradication of social obstacles and to amending the overall level of distress and stigma associated with breast cancer. The observational prospective study was conducted on 240 patients aged...

Author(s):Nazat Sultana

Article in Press

Determinants of focused antenatal care service satisfaction in public health facilities in Ethiopia, 2018: a mixed study design

Ethiopia has been implementing focused antenatal care package to reduce maternal and child deaths. The quality of antenatal care service has being not resolved widely due to unstandardized measurement. Hence, this study assessed determinants of focused antenatal care service satisfaction in Public Health Facilities of West Guji Zone, Ethiopia, 2018. a facility based cross-sectional triangulated with qualitative study...

Author(s):Melkamu Bekele Selgado, Yimer Hottesa Dukale & Damene Darota Amamo

Article in Press

Knowledge and Practice of Essential Newborn Care Among Postnatal Mothers in Addis Ababa City Health Centers, Ethiopia

Essential newborn care is a wide-ranging approach planned to improve the health of newborn through interventions after pregnancy. In Ethiopia, about 120,000 newborns die every year in the first weeks of life which accounts for 42% of all deaths of under-five mortality. Therefore this study is aimed to assess the knowledge and practice of essential newborn care practices among mothers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A...

Author(s):Workinesh Daba, Tsion Alemu, Mulugeta Shegaze Shimbre & Behailu Tsegaye

Article in Press

Diagnose at admission and factors associated with management outcome of neonate in Ayder referral hospital, Northern Ethiopia

Children less than 5 years old commonly occurred during neonatal period and majority of the deaths occurring in developing countries particularly sub Saharan African countries. To assess cause of neonate admission and factors associated with management outcomes among neonates admitted in the neonatal care unit of Ayder referral hospital in Tigray region ; Northern -Ethiopia. Institutional based cross-sectional record...

Author(s):Masresha Leta Serbesa and Maleda Tefera Iffa

Article in Press

Prevalence of unwanted pregnancy and associated factors among pregnant women attending Antenatal Care at Durame Maternal and Child health center Southern Ethiopia 2018

Unwanted pregnancy was an important public health issue in developed and developing countries. In Ethiopia, the estimates of unwanted pregnancy indicate that it was one of the major reproductive health problems with all its adverse outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of unwanted pregnancy and its associated factors among pregnant women attending Antenatal Care at Durame Maternal and Child Health...

Author(s):Kelemu Abebe Gelaw & Lemma Desalegn Hailu

Article in Press

Risky Sexual Behavior and Associated Factors among Preparatory School Students In Arsi Negelle Town, Oromia Ethiopia

Risky sexual behavior remains the major public health concern commonly affecting youths and make them vulnerable for ample of unintended health outcomes, including STIs, unplanned pregnancy and abortion for female. To intervene these negative consequences of risky sexual behavior the contributing factors must be identified. However there is limited studies that have been conducted on sexual behavior of school going...

Author(s):Nega Degefa Megersa, Girum Sebsibe Teshome

Article in Press

Youth friendly service utilization and associated factors among preparatory school students in Sodo Town, Southern Ethiopia 2018: Institutional based Crossectional study

Background: There are 1.2 billion youth worldwide who have not gained enough access for sexuality education, safe abortion where legal, prevention of early pregnancy, human immune virus, sexually transmitted disease infection, violence and coercion. Objective: To assess youth-friendly service utilization and associated factors among preparatory school students in Sodo town, Southern Ethiopia Methods: An institutional...

Author(s):Natnael Atnafu Gebeyehu, YeshiAssefaKorasie, Semarya Berhe Lemlem, KelemuAbebe Gelaw & EyasuAlem Lake

Article in Press

FAMILY ENGAGEMENT: A MODEL FOR IMPROVED HEALTH OUTCOMES IN PUERTO RICO

Puerto Rico has been undergoing economic and health crises, which were exacerbated by damages from hurricane Maria in 2017. Family is central to the Latino culture, in which it is commonly referred to as familismo. The term implies strong family ties and engagement in all aspects of Puerto Rican life. This study examined how it could be harnessed as a powerful tool to improve health outcomes in that context. The...

Author(s):Carlos Omar Nesbeth, Wilfredo Alonso Acevedo, Vincent Agboto, Elmang Nchako, Manuel Acevedo Pena

Article in Press

Alarming levels of ototoxicity among multidrug resistant tuberculosis patients on intensive phase of treatment at specialist treatment centers in South Western, Nigeria

Management of multi drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patients remains a challenge in the control of tuberculosis worldwide. MDR-TB patients require long term treatment with drugs that cause various adverse effects especially ototoxicity associated with aminoglycoside. Current treatment guidelines still include aminoglycosides use especially in developing countries. However, there is dearth of information regarding...

Author(s):Bamgboye Eniola Adetola

Article in Press

Hidden Costs of Hospital Based Delivery among Women using Public Hospitals of Ethiopia

Background: Institutional delivery has remained expensive for poor households due to hidden costs. Hidden costs are the costs that are not accounted for in hospital cost. The aim of this study was to estimate the hidden costs of institutional delivery and to identify associated factors. Methods: Health facility based descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in Bale zone from August 13 to September 2, 2018. Exit...

Author(s):Melese Merga, Tilahun Fufa & Tesfamichael Alaro

Article in Press

PREDISPOSING FACTORS IN ADOPTION AND UTILIZATION OF NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHOD AMONG WOMEN IN OWERRI MAIN MARKET, IMO STATE, NIGERIA

This study investigates the predisposing factors in adoption and utilization of Natural Family Planning (NFP) methods among women in Owerri Main Market. The main objectives was to determine the physiological basis of NFP methods, the advantages and disadvantages of NFP methods and to identify the predisposing factors in adoption and practice of NFP among women. Two hundred Fifty women were selected for the study through...

Author(s):Onuoha Udonna Peace

Article in Press

Treatment success and associated factors among tuberculosis patients in Public Private Mixed Directly Observed Treatment Short course facilities in Oromia region, Ethiopia

Background: Evaluation of treatment success of tuberculosis treatment is used as a major indicator of program quality. However, treatment outcome of tuberculosis patients has not consistently been evaluated yet in private health facilities working with the public health facilities in tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment (PPM-DOTS) facilities. The objective of the study was to assess treatment success and associated...

Author(s):Belay Bayissasse and Getachew Gebreselassie

Article in Press

SURVIVAL AND PREDICTORS OF MORTALITY FROM MULTIDRUG RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS (MDR-TB) AMONG PATIENTS TREATED AT MDR-TB REFERAL HOSPITALS IN ETHIOPIA: A RETROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY

Background: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2015, there were an estimated 10.4 million new TB cases, 1.4 million TB deaths and another 0.4 million deaths among people with TB and HIV. The treatment of multi-drugs resistance tuberculosis (MDR-TB) with second line drugs is long, complex and costly, and has a considerable rate of adverse effects. The extent and burden of MDR-TB varies significantly from...

Author(s):Mulugeta Shegaze Shimbre , Tamiru Shibru Degaga, Sultan Hussen Hebo, Zerihun Zerdo

Article in Press

Factors affecting utilization of antenatal care services and institutional delivery at Koghum in Jos South, Plateau State, Nigeria

Access to antenatal care services promotes safe motherhood and delivery. It also improves maternal and neonatal outcomes. This study identified factors influencing the utilization of antenatal care services and health facility-based delivery. Methods: A community based cross sectional survey was conducted. Households were enumerated, and a systematic sampling method was used to selected one in four HHs.A sample size of...

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Article in Press

Maternal Near Miss and Predictors among Women Receiving Obstetrical and Gynecologic Care at Wolaita Sodo University Teaching and Referral Hospital, Southern Ethiopia: Institution Based Cross Sectional Study

Background: Maternal near miss (MNM) is defined as “woman nearly died but survived a complication that occurred during pregnancy, child birth or within 42 days of terminations of pregnancy”. Objective: To assess the frequency and predictors of maternal near miss among women receiving obstetrical & gynecologic care at Wolaita Sodo University Teaching and Referral Hospital (WSUTRH). Methods: An institution based cross-...

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Article in Press

A Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial on Mobile Phone Text Messaging to Improve Sexo-Reproductive Health in Cameroon

This trial aims at testing the efficacy of weekly sexo-reproductive health educational text messages to improve perception of adolescent girls on sexo-reproductive health in Cameroon. Subjects and Methods: This is a single-centered randomized controlled single-blinded trial. Adolescent girls aged 10-19 years in the Kumbo West Health District are the target population. A central computer generated randomization list will...

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Article in Press

Knowledge, Attitudes, Perception and Behaviours of HIV/AIDS among End-Cycle Students in Cote d’Ivoire: Cross-sectional Survey

Introduction: In Cote d’Ivoire, the prevalence of HIV/AIDS has declined significantly in the last decade as a result of public health actions. An assessment of knowledge, attitudes, perception and behaviours was carried out to assess the outcome of the strategies for raising awareness and communicating with students about HIV/AIDS. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 among students enrolled...

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Article in Press

Food Safety Knowledge and Practice among Pregnant Women in Assin Fosu, Ghana.

Background: Although foodborne illness is preventable, it has become a growing public health concern worldwide. Foodborne pathogens are more likely to cause infection and to result in serious consequences in vulnerable people than in healthy adults. The occurrence of foodborne illness is highly related to the level of food safety knowledge, consumer practices and household food safety especially among susceptible...

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Article in Press

FREQUENCY OF HEPATITIS B AND C AMONG FRESH RECRUITED POLICE SOLDIERS IN DISTRICT MUZAFFARABAD, AZAD JAMMU AND KASHMIR PAKISTAN

Background: Hepatitis B and C has gained a prime importance because 240 million people are infected by hepatitis B virus (HBV) and 150 million people are infected by hepatitis C virus (HCV) worldwide. Present study was aimed to find out frequency of hepatitis B & C and associated risk factors among fresh recruited police soldier. Methodology: Cross sectional study which consist of 100 fresh recruit police soldiers from...

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Article in Press

Adverse Birth Outcome and Associated factors among Newborns Delivered in Public Health Institutions, Southern Ethiopia

Background: Adverse birth outcomes are big problem of neonatal health in developing nations. Stillbirth, preterm birth, low birth weight and birth asphyxia are the major contributors of adverse birth outcome. There is limited data on adverse birth outcomes and intrapartum care in Ethiopia. Hence, this study was aimed to assess the magnitude of adverse birth outcomes and associated factors among newborns delivered in public...

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Article in Press

Assessment of Influenza Outbreak in Kallu Dstrict of Amhara Region, Northwestern Ethiopia

Background: Influenza is a respiratory infection caused by influenza viruses. It spread from person-to-person by contact with respiratory secretions. Worldwide, annual influenza epidemics result in an estimated 3–5 million cases of severe illness and 250,000-500,000 deaths every year. Influenza outbreak occurred in Kallu district, due to this; we had assessment and identify associated risk factors with the...

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Article in Press

ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES OF HEALTHCARE WORKERS ABOUT PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF MULTIDRUG-RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS AT INFECTIOUS DISEASES HOSPITAL KANO, NIGERIA

Background: Tuberculosis is one of the major public health problems in Kano. With the occurrence of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, little is known about the views of health care workers on this disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of healthcare professionals about prevention and control of Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) at Infectious Diseases Hospital...

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Article in Press

A FIVE-YEAR RETROSPECTIVE STUDY ON THE PREVALENCE OF BREAST CANCER AMONG PATIENTS ATTENDING JIMMA UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER, SOUTHWESTERN ETHIOPIA.

Aims/purpose: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide, with nearly 2.1 million new cases diagnosed in 2018 The incidence of breast cancer has been increasing worldwide and in Africa it is currently the most common cancer in women. The exact figure of breast cancer cases in Ethiopia is not known but studies show that its incidence has been increasing over the past decades. This study has sought to...

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Article in Press

LONG LASTING INSECTICIDE TREATED NET UTILIZATION AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG HOUSEHOLDS IN ZIWAY DUGDA DISTRICT, ETHIOPIA

Background: Although, significant number of Long Lasting Insecticide Treated Nets (LLINs) had been distributed in the previous years, the prevalence of malaria is a growing concern in Ethiopia. Thus, this study assessed the utilization of LLINs and associated factors among households in the Ziway Dugda district, Ethiopia. Methods: A cross-sectional study design on 728 households (HHs) was done. Epi-data Version 3.1 and...

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Article in Press

The incidence of vasovagal reaction and its predictors among Ethiopian blood donors: A retrospective cohort study

Background: Blood donations are generally well tolerated but they are not completely without risk. While the majority of complications are mild and self-limiting, some can cause significant donor discomfort and negative effect on donor satisfaction and return for the donation. Vasovagal reactions are among the most common complications of blood donations. Understanding the incidence of vasovagal reaction and its associated...

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Article in Press

Willingness of Community to Enroll in Community Based Health Insurance and Associated Factors at House Hold Level in Siraro District, West Arsi Zone, Ethiopia

To ensure that health care is accessible to all, Community Based Health Insurance (CBHI) should be promoted and more people should be encouraged to participate. To assess willingness of community to enroll in community based health insurance and factors associated at household level in Siraro District, Ethiopia, 2017. Community based cross sectional study design was employed for 413 household samples. Simple random...

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Article in Press

Malaria surveillance data analysis-Raya Alamata district, Ethiopia: Five years (2011 to 2015) retrospective record review

Background: Malaria is one of the leading causes of illness and death in the world. It is the major public important in Ethiopia and one of the top ten diseases in Raya Alamata district. Ongoing malaria surveillance data analysis is useful for assessing the incidence, monitoring trends and evaluating the effectiveness of malaria control programs. Therefore, the objective of this analysis was to describe malaria morbidity...

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Article in Press

Parental Experiences with Autistic Children: The Social and Psychological Challenges in the case of Nehemiah Autism Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Background: There has been a dramatic increase of Autism Spectrum Disorder around the world. However, little is known about the challenges of the parenting as a result of caring for autistic children. Greater knowledge is needed to understand the life experiences of parents with autistic children. Methods: This study utilized a phenomenological methodology to explore experiences and challenge of parents with their...

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Article in Press

Health professionals Perception and Satisfaction on Quality of Laboratory Malaria Diagnostic service; the case Awi Zone, North Ethiopia

Inappropriate perception and inadequate satisfaction of health workers pose significant challenges on malaria diagnostic services in the fight against malaria. Such information however is a gap in most rural health facilities. This study assessed Health Professionals perception and their satisfaction towards malaria quality diagnostic service in Northern Ethiopia. A cross-sectional facility based study was conducted in...

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Article in Press

The Assessment of Knowledge and Awareness of North-West University Students, Based on Rotavirus Infections.  

Rotavirus is the one of most diarrhoeal cases in developing countries for both children and adults. The transmission is via the faecal-oral-route; unwashed or poorly washed hands can be the source of contamination to people, water and food. Zoonotic infection also contributes to the increase of rotavirus infection. In order to avoid risk of infection, it is critical to be informed about the virus. This study aims to assess...

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Article in Press

Insight on Living Conditions in Shingiro Sector, Musanze District in the Vicinity of the Volcanoes National Park of Rwanda

Batwa people are among the most vulnerable people worldwide and have limited access to key social determinants of health including health care, education, clean-water, employment and adequate clothing, nutrition, and security. The study aimed at investigating the living conditions in the Shingiro sector, Musanze district in the forest fringed communities near the Volcanoes National Park in the North-West of Rwanda. The...

Author(s):Historical Marginalized People, Batwa, indigenous people, vicinity, conservation

Article in Press

Knowledge, Practice and Associated Factors towards Adverse Drug Reaction reporting among nurses working in district Hospitals, Northwest Ethiopia.

Background- Adverse Drug Reaction (ADR) is any noxious, unintended and undesired effect of a drug which occurs at doses normally used in humans for prophylaxis, diagnosis, or therapy of disease or the modification of the physiological functions. Adverse drug reactions lead to a number of medical and economical consequences. Objective: To assess knowledge, practice and associated factors towards Adverse Drug Reaction...

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Article in Press

Framework for Establishing Data Gaps: A case for Sustainable Development Goal 3

An efficient and effective programme should be developed based on solid evidence. There is always a paucity of data/evidence on which to design programmes. In many cases, however, even with abundance of data and evidence, it is difficult to assess what data gaps need to be addressed to ensure as much required data as possible is available and has been used to develop an evidence based programme. United Nations Member...

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Article in Press

Job satisfaction and Related factors among Employees at Negelle Arsi General Hospital and Medical College, West Arsi Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Satisfaction of employees can bring quality of health care. Job satisfaction among health workers is an important indicator in assessing performance and efficiency of health services. High level of professional satisfaction among health workers earns higher worker force retention and patients satisfaction. Objective: To assess Job satisfaction of employees toward health service deliveries and factors...

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Article in Press

Supply And Demand Side Factors Influencing Utilization Of Infant And Young Child Feeding In Gibe District, Hadiya Zone, South Ethiopia

Background: Although, infant and young child feeding practices play an important role in reducing early childhood morbidity and mortality, very large proportions of women do not practice optimal breastfeeding and complementary feeding for their children in Ethiopia. To date, there is not address the supply and demand side factors that influence infant and young child feeding practices. Objective: To assess supply and...

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Article in Press

Determinant of Acute Malnutrition among Children Aged 6-59 Months Attending Public Health Facilities of Jimma Town, South West Ethiopia: Matched Case Control Study

Background and objectives: In Ethiopia, acute malnutrition is one of the potential challenges in achieving sustainable development goal in reducing child mortality. Thus, this study was aimed to determine factors associated with acute malnutrition among children aged 6-59 months attending public health facilities of Jimma town, South West of Ethiopia. Methods: Institution based age matched case-control study design was...

Author(s):Shimelis Girma, MSc; Dessalegn Tamiru, PhD; Getu Gizaw, MSc

Article in Press

PREVALENCE OF MALARIA INFECTIONS AMONG PATIENTS IN GIMBIE ADVENTIST HOSPITAL WESTERN WOLLEGA, OROMIA REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA

Background and aims of study: Malaria is a disease caused by protozoan parasites belonging to the genus Plasmodium. It is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, especially in young African children including Ethiopia. Therefore, this study designs to assess the prevalence of malaria infection among patients attending Gimbie Adventist Hospital in West Wollega, Oromia, Ethiopia. Method: Descriptive...

Author(s):Hawassa University, Department of Biology, P. O. Box: , Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Article in Press

Prevalence of Needle Stick Injuries and Their Immediate Response among nurses of Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Background: Occupational exposures to blood and body fluids as a result of needle stick injuries is a serious concern for health care workers and a major risk for the transmission of infections such as human immune deficiency virus (HIV), Hepatitis viruses and other viral diseases among healthcare workers. Objective: To assess the prevalence of needle stick injuries among nurses and their immediate response at Tikur...

Author(s):. Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.

Article in Press

Fertility Desire and Associated Factors among Adult Anti-Retroviral Therapy Users in Bale Zone Hospitals, Oromia Regional State, South East Ethiopia, 2017

Background: Globally, there are an estimated 36.7 million people living with HIV with a prevalence of 0.8% in 2015. In Ethiopia, the prevalence of HIV is 1.14 in 2014 EDHS report. Despite the presence of wide spread anti-retroviral therapy(ART) service and improvement in quality of life, the reproductive desire to have children by HIV infected individuals and couples has not been addressed adequately. Objective: To...

Author(s):Madda Walabu University, Goba referral hospital, Department of Public health

Article in Press

Nutritional status and malaria risk in children under five years in owerri municipality, southeastern nigeria: a hospital based study.

Nutritional status of children has been associated with disease conditions leading to morbidity and mortality. This hospital bases study assessed the relationship between nutritional status and malaria among under-five children in Owerri municipality South Eastern Nigeria. Nutritional status, Malaria status, Haemoglobin level, Serum Iron and Temperature were respectively measured by Z-score, Rapid Diagnostic Test, Hemocue...

Author(s):Department of Public Health, Federal University of Technology Owerri PMB, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria.

Article in Press

Patient Expectation: A Concept Analysis

Purpose: The aim of this concept analysis is to clarify the concept of patient expectation in hospital health care setting. Method: Rodgers evolutionary method of concept analysis was used to the analysis of the concept patient expectation. For inclusion criteria, searches were set to any article produced, in English, since January 2009 to December 2013 in Pubmed/MEDLINE, Google and Google Scholar. A final total of 10...

Author(s):College of Health Sciences, Debre Berhan University

Article in Press

Community Perception Towards Zoonotic Diseases Acquired From Foods Of Animal Origin Among Selected Districts Of Jimma Zone, Ethiopia

Zoonoses are infections that are naturally transmitted from vertebrate animals to human beings and vice-versa. A questionnaire-based survey of animal health workers (n=72) and human health workers (n=72) was carried out between the periods of January 2013 to September 2014 in Jimma zone, South West Ethiopia with the intentions to assess perception of zoonoses and risks relating to zoonotic infections among animal health...

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Article in Press

Communities’ Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Tuberculosis at Selected Districts of East Wollega Zone, Western Ethiopia

Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the primary public health problems in developing countries. HIV/AIDS, poverty, under nutrition, over-crowded living conditions and lack of knowledge about the disease have been known to increase the risk of spreading the bacteria and the risk of developing the disease. This study was aimed to assess communities’ knowledge, attitudes and practices towards TB at selected districts of Eastern...

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Article in Press

Pattern of ABO and Rhesus blood group distribution of five years survey in Jimma town blood bank, South West Ethiopia

Back ground Objective: a retrospective -cross sectional study was conducted to determine and compare the five years distribution of ABO and rhesus blood groups in Jimma Town blood bank Method and materials: a retrospective cross sectional study was conducted to determine the distribution of the type of blood groups of blood donors registered in Jimma Zone blood bank. A check list was used to collect secondary data of each...

Author(s):jimma university

Article in Press

Molecular Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus Isolated from Clinical and Non –Clinical sources, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

The study isolated and characterized clinical and non-clinical S. aureus strains in Ile-Ife, Nigeria using phenotypic and molecular methods. Eight hundred and fifty samples of different cultures were taken from clinical and non- clinical sources. The clinical sources were the routine specimens of wound swabs, urine, stool, blood and sputum from the Department of Microbiology and Parasitology laboratory of the Obafemi...

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Article in Press

Comparative Efficiency of Health Care Provision in Kenya and Tanzania

Efficient health care provision is one of the key pillars of the millennium development goal in Kenya and Tanzania. This paper compares the efficiency of health care provision in Kenya and Tanzania between 1970-2012 using annual expenditure data and selected health care outcomes. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is used to establish the level of efficiency in the two countries. The paper reports that health care is provided...

Author(s):Comparative efficiency, Health, DEA, Kenya, Tanzania.

Article in Press

Epidemiology of Neonatal Sepsis and the risk factors involved: Observational study at neonatal Intensive care unit; Arsi University Asella Teaching and Referral Hospital; South East Ethiopia

Globally, sepsis is still one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in neonates, in spite of recent advances in health care system. The major burden of neonatal sepsis occurs in developing world, but most evidence is derived from developed countries. Hospital based prospective cross sectional study was conducted from April 2016 to May 2017. Neonates with clinical sepsis using inclusion criteria were included in...

Author(s):Abebe Sorsa, Dejene Lemma and Silesh Abdissa

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