Journal of
Public Health and Epidemiology

  • Abbreviation: J. Public Health Epidemiol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2316
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPHE
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 652

Table of Content: April-June 2023; 15(2)

April 2023

Self-medication among inhabitants of Yaounde, Cameroon: Pull and push factors

The rampant practice of self-medication is indicative of very strong existing push and pulls factors. These factors could be economic, social or systemic. Despite having some beneficial effects, self-medication has life-threatening consequences. This study was aimed to determine the factors which push users to medicine sources or factors at the sources which pull users. A pre-validated questionnaire was administered to...

Author(s): Jato Denis Mbako  

April 2023

Molecular and serological pattern of Toxoplasma gondii among rural population in four regions of Gabon

Toxoplasma gondii is an obligatory intracellular parasite that causes a zoonotic disease capable of infecting nearly all warm-blooded hosts, including humans. However, reports on the molecular prevalence of T. gondii in humans are rare in Gabon. The present study aimed to evaluate the serological and molecular prevalence of T. gondii among apparently healthy rural populations in four regions of Gabon. This study...

Author(s): Patrice Makouloutou-Nzassi, Barthelemy Ngoubangoye, Boris Kevin Makanga, Larson Boundenga, Silas Sevidzem Lendzele, Gael Darren Maganga, and Jean Paul Akue  

April 2023

Covid-19 infection: Successful global spread, challenges to public health surveillance, and lessons learnt

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 is a highly communicable disease that emerged in the twilight of 2019 in Wuhan, China but rapidly spread globally, resulting in a pandemic. Given its novelty, scientific information about its origin, biology, spread and preventive measures trickled over time, which could have been responsible for the successful global spread. In this paper, relevant literature related...

Author(s): Taofik Ogunkunle, Surajudeen Bello, Rasheedat Ibraheem, Sherifat Katibi, Tajudeen Ibrahim, Abdulazeez Imam and Rasaq Olaosebikan

April 2023

Correlation between nutritional awareness and food consumption behavior of the elderly in Samut Prakarn Province, Thailand

This study was conducted to study the correlating factors between personal nutritional awareness and consumption behavior of the elderly in Samutprakarn Province, Thailand.  Members of the elderly society of Samutprakarn Province were interviewed with a rating scale questionnaire to know about their personal data, nutritional awareness and the factors that influence their food consumption behaviors. 400 elderlies...

Author(s): Sorasun Rungsiyanont and Serena Sakoolnamarka  

April 2023

Tends of "Zero-dose" children aged 12-23 months in Togo from 2000 to 2017 and predictions for 2030

Guided by the principle of leaving no one behind by improving equitable access and use of new and existing vaccines, the Immunization Agenda 2030 aims, among other things, to halve the incidence of “zero-dose” at the national level. This study aimed at studying the tends of the prevalence of "zero-dose" children from 2000 to 2017 and making predictions for 2030. The study consisted of secondary...

Author(s): Nyulelen Toyi Mangbassim, Alphonse Kpozehouen, Jacques Zinsou Saizonou, Nicolas Gaffan, Aissata Ba Sidibe, Marie Therese Guigui, Yaovi Temfan Toke and Dadja Essoya Landoh

May 2023

The state of cervical cancer screening services and barriers to uptake in Abidjan, Côte D’Ivoire in 2017: A mixed methods study

Cervical cancer (CC) remains a public health concern in Cote d’Ivoire. The national policy for the prevention of cervical cancer has been introduced more than 10 years ago, while the coverage of the target population is still suboptimal. We aimed at describing the barriers to screening among women in Abidjan. A mixed method study was completed from February to August 2016. Stakeholders were interviewed according...

Author(s): Simon Pierre Boni, Rodrigue Willy Simo, Alexandra Bitty-Anderson, Jean-Claude Kouassi Comoe, Innocent Adoubi, Apollinaire Horo, and Boris Kevin Tchounga

May 2023

Use of anabolic-androgenic steroids among university student athletes in a Nigerian community

Anabolic-Androgenic Steroids (AAS) are synthetic forms of male sex hormone used by athletes as performance enhancement drugs. The study aimed to assess the characteristics of university student athletes that use AAS and other substances they use. It also assessed their knowledge of the health effects of AAS and their attitude towards use of AAS. Cross-sectional study was conducted among 157 student athletes from...

Author(s): Adesola Adenike Ogunfowokan, Goodness Ayomide Aribisala, Kehinde Olunike Adewole, Monisola Omoyeni Oginni, Oluwayemisi Elizabeth Olagunju Cecilia Bukola Bello and Love Bukola Ayamolowo  

May 2023

Factors associated with detection of measles-specific immunoglobulin M (IgM-positive) in Côte d'Ivoire from 2015 to 2019: A nested case-control study from a measles national surveillance programme

Measles outbreaks are regularly reported in Côte d’Ivoire districts although on-going measles vaccination coverage has increased. The objective was to identify the factors associated with measles IgM-positive in a population with suspected measles. A case-control study nested in the national surveillance of 9337 registered measles suspected cases from 2015 to 2019 in Côte d'Ivoire was conducted for...

Author(s): Eric Martial Kouakou AHOUSSOU, Kouadio Daniel EKRA, Cédric DANANCHE, Lépri Bernardin Nicaise AKA, Muriel RABILLOUD and Philippe VANHEMS,  

June 2023

Prevalence of Toxocara canis eggs in hairs of dogs in Saki Southwestern Nigeria

Toxocara canis is one of the most prevalent gastrointestinal parasites of dogs and other canids worldwide. The closeness shared between humans and their companion animals (dogs) exposes humans to high risk of T. canis eggs, which leads to Visceral Larva Migrans (VLM) and Ocular Larval Migrans (OLM). This cross-sectional study was design to determine the prevalence and intensity of Toxocara canis eggs on the hair of dogs...

Author(s): Salawu, S. A. and Akeredolu, A. B  

June 2023

The impact of inter-professional education for HIV course in the preservice health care professionals using the jigsaw technique

Lack of inter-professional collaboration and practice among Health care professionals could impede effective HIV health services delivery leading to poor health outcomes in people living with HIV. Adopting Inter-professional Education by using innovative teaching methods such as the jigsaw technique could foster collaboration among health care professional. The School of Nursing Sciences at the University of Zambia in...

Author(s): Catherine M. Ngoma, Ruth Wahila, Maureen M. Makoleka, Namayipo W. S. Nankamba and Michael M. Kanyanta

June 2023

Knowledge and determinants of non-communicable disease risk factors among adolescents in Jos North Local Government Area, Plateau State

Risk factors for non-communicable diseases pose a huge burden among adolescents. This study used a qualitative approach to assess the knowledge and factors associated with non-communicable disease risk factors among adolescents in Jos North Local Government Area, Plateau State. Four focus group discussions were conducted, with sixteen (eight males and eight females) in-school and out-of-school adolescents, each selected...

Author(s): Olutomi Yewande SODIPO, Hadiza Abigail AGBO, Emilia Asuquo UDOFIA and Ayuba Ibrahim ZOAKAH

June 2023

Malaria and typhoid co-infection: Prevalence, awareness and associated risk factors in patients attending Bafmeng Medicalised Health Centre in Fungom subdivision, North West region, Cameroon

Malaria and typhoid coexists in communities, with varied risk factors. This study aimed to analyse the situation of malaria/typhoid co-infection in Bafmeng, Cameroon. 367 participants, were given questionnaires, and venous blood collected from January To March 2021 for Plasmodium screening and Widal test. The malaria prevalence was 27.5% (101/367) and 32.7% (120/367) for typhoid. Malaria prevalence in males 33.9%...

Author(s): Ebanga Echi Joan Eyong, Terence Foncham Sama and Gangue Tiburce  

June 2023

Excess deaths within the context of COVID 19 pandemic in Aden in May 2020

The civil registration office in Aden (at Southern Yemen) reported unexpected high number of deaths in May 2020 that made people and authorities worry about this tragedy and the causes behind it. The study aims to explore the relationship of these excess deaths with COVID 19. The study used a review of the death related data from the civil registration records in Aden. Other sources reviewed were the surveillance data...

Author(s): Abdulla Salem Bin Ghouth