Rural areas of developing countries are very dependent on biomass fuels such as wood fuel and dried dung for their energy consumption. Wood fuel as a source of energy plays a vital role in household energy requirements, due to increasing economic hardship in the country, many people are finding it increasingly difficult to afford conventional fuels in Nigeria. Wood fuel in Kaduna State is the most highly consumed fuel, together accounting to about 1,722,904 t/year consumed per person in the State. This review examines the wood fuel used and the energy ladder in Kaduna State. However, the major reason why people used wood fuel as the alternative source for heat energy generation is poor income, poverty and like of adequate national grid.
Key words: Wood fuel, energy ladder, consumption, conventional fuel
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