Energy security looms as one of the most important challenges of this century for scientists and users in India. Resources alternative to fossil including fungi, grasses, algae, waste oils, food crops and non-food crops are being developed. Considering the current food insecurity in the country, food crops are to be excluded from the list of feed stocks. In future, biofuels should ideally create the environmental, economic and social benefits to the communities and reflect energy efficiency so as to plan a road map for the industry to produce third generation biofuels.
Key words: Biofuels, feed stocks, India, energy security
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