This study was carried out with the aim of investigating the prevalence of intestinal protozoan infection in five selected primary schools in Maiyama Local Government Area ofKebbi State, Nigeria. Stool samples from 200 pupils were collected and examinedusing formol ether concentration technique for protozoan cyst out of which 49 (24.5%) were found to be infected with different species of intestinal protozoan parasite. Entamoeba histolytica is the most common intestinal protozoan parasite encountered in the study area. With respect gender, the prevalence of the infection is higher in males (29%) than their female counterpart (20.0%).The infection was associated to a significant extent with: age of the pupils (X2= 5.298, P = 0.0213).The result of this study also shows significant association between the prevalence of the infection and other risk factors such as source of drinking water (X2= 6.59, P = 0.0371), toilet facilities (X2= 25.388 and P <0.0001) and Regular hands washing (X2=11.409, P=0.0007).It was concluded that poverty, ignorance, poor personal and environmental hygiene were factors found to be associated with the high prevalence rates recorded in this study area.
Keywords: Maiyama Protozoa, Infections, Pupils.