Journal of
Parasitology and Vector Biology

  • Abbreviation: J. Parasitol. Vector Biol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2510
  • DOI: 10.5897/JPVB
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 170

Full Length Research Paper

Cross sectional study on prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis and associated risk factors in Mao komo special woreda, benishahgul gumuz, Western Ethiopia

Geremew Haile
  • Geremew Haile
  • Department of Veterinary Medicine, Wollega University, P. O. Box 395, Nekemt, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Oda Gizaw
  • Oda Gizaw
  • Department of Animals Science, College of Agriculture, Mettu University, Bedelle, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 15 November 2017
  •  Accepted: 26 February 2018
  •  Published: 30 April 2018


Abebe G (2005). Trypanosomosis in Ethiopia. Eth. J. Biol. Sc. 4(1):75-123.


Adane M (1995). Survey on the prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis in and around Bahirdar, DVM Thesis, AAU, FVM, Debre Zeyit, Ethiopia.


Addisalem H, Tafere C, Beshatu F, Asamnew T (2012). Prevalence of Bovine Trypanosomosis in Addisamba and Amarit District of West Gojjam Zone, Amhara Regional State. Am. J. Sci. Res. 7(3):112-117.


Aweka K (2000). Study of trypanosomosis and its vectors in humbo and mereb districts. Ethiopa Vet. J. 4(1):61-63.


Ayele T, Ephrem D, Elias K, Tamiru B, Gizaw D, Mebrahtu G, Mebrat E (2012). Prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis and its vector density in Daramallo District, South Western Ethiopia. J. Vet. Adv. 2(6):266-272.


Bayisa K, Getachew D (2015). Trypanosomosis and its associated risks in cattle population of DangurDistrict of Beninshangul Gumuz Regional State, Western Ethiopia. Europ. J. App. Sci. 7(6):291-296.


Bogale B, Wodajo K, Chanie M (2012). Occurrence and identification of bovine trypanosomosis in Genji district, Western Ethiopia, Acta Parasitol. Glob. 3(3):38-42.


Cherenet T, Sani RA, Speybroeck N, Panandam JM, Nadzr S, Van den Bossche P (2006). A comparative longitudinal study of bovine trypanosomiasis in tsetse-free and tsetse-infested zones of the Amhara region, northwest Ethiopia. Vet. Parasitol. 140:251-258.


Central Statistical Agency (CSA) (2016). Agricultural Sample Survey, Statistical Bulletin, Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, pp. 39-47. Available at: 



Desquesnes M, Dia MI (2004). Mechanical transmission of Trypanosoma vivax in cattle by the African tabanids Atylotus fuscipes. Vet. Parasitol. 5:9-19.


Dhami DS, Juyal PD, Singla LD (1999). Seroepidemiology of Trypanosoma evansi infection by using CATT. Indian Vet. J. l76:842-844.


Efrem D, Bashatu F, Bacha B, Addisalem H, Misgana D (2013). Prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis in Lalo Kile District Kellem Wollega Zone, Oromia Regional State, and Western Ethiopia. Acta. Parasitol. Glob. 4(2):34-40.


Gatenby R (1991). The Tropical Agriculture, London and Beging Stock Mc Millan Education Ltd. ACCT. pp. 6-10


Geiger A, Gerard C, Frutos R (2005). Two tsetse fly species, Glossina palpalis gambiensis and Glossina morsitans, carry genetically distinct populations of the secondary symbiotic Sodalis glossinidius. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71:8941-8943.


Girma K, Meseret Z, Tilahun Z, Haimanot D, Firew L, Tadele K, Zelalem A (2014). Prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis, its vector density and distribution in and around Arba minch, Gamogofa Zone, Ethiopia. Acta. Parasitol.Glob. 5(3):169-176.


Habtamu G (2009). Current status of tsetse transmitted trypanosomes in Jawi district of Amhara region, north-west Ethiopia', DVM thesis, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Gondar University.


IanMaudin P, Holmes H, Miles A (2004). The trypanosome 1st ed, UK:CB publishing. pp. 113-147.


Ilemobade AA (2009). Tsetse and trypanosomosis in Africa. The challenges, the opportunities, Onderstepoort J. Vet. Res. 76:35-40.


KMAO (2015). Kao Mao Agricultural Office Annual Report, Benishangulgumuz, Ethiopia.


Kumar H, Gupta MP, Sidhu PK, Mahajan V, Bal MS, Kaur K, Ashuma, Verma S and Singla LD (2012) An outbreak of acute Trypanosoma evansi infection in crossbred cattle in Punjab, India. J. Appl. Anim. Res. 40(3):256-259.


Kumela L, Shihun S, Jemere B, Desie S (2014). Bovine trypanosomosis and its fly vectors in three selected settlement areas of Hawa-Gelan district western Ethiopia. Onderstepoort J. of Vet. Res. 81(1):1-5.


Leak SGA (1999). Tsetse biology and ecology. Their role in the epidemiology and control of Trypanosomosis. CABI publishing in association with the ILRI. pp. 152-210. 


Lelisa K, Damena D, Kedir M, Feyera T (2015). Prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis and apparent density of tsetse and other biting flies in Mandura District, Northwest Ethiopia. J. Vet. Sci. Technol. 6(3):229.


Mekonnen A, Tesfaheywet Z, Getnet F (2012). A cross-sectional study on the prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis in Amhara region, Northwest Ethiopia. Liv¬est. Res. Rural Dev. 24(8).


Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MoARD) (2005). Standard Veterinary Diagnostic Manual. Volume III: Parasitology. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. pp. 29-30.


Molalegne B, Yeshitla A, Tilahun Z, Hailu D (2011). Trypanosome infection rate in Glossina pallidipes and Glossinafuscipesfuscipes in Gojeb valley, Southwest Ethiopia. Glob. Vet. 6(2):131-135.


Moti Y, Derara B, Dalasa D, Senbeta T, Hailu D (2013). Bovine trypanosomosis and gastrointestinal helminthosis in settlement villages of Bedele district, South-western Ethiopia. Ethiop. Vet. J. 17(1):41-54.


Murray M, Murray PK, McIntyre WIM (1977). An improved parasitological technique for the diagnosis of African trypanosomosis. Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 71(4):325-326.


Nicholson M, Butterworth T (1996). A guide to body condition score in zebu cattle international livestock center for Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


National Tsetse and Trypanosomosis Investigation and Control Center (NTTICC) (2004). Annual Report on Tsetse and Trypanosomosis Survey, Bedele, Ethiopia.


Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) (2004). Tsetse tranismited trypanomiasis in manual of diagonastic tsetse s and vaccine for treatment of terrestrial animals 5th edition pp. 235-245.


Regassa F, Abebe, G (2004). Current epidemiological situation of bovine trypano¬somosis in Limu Shay tsetse controlled area of upper Didessa Valley. Ethiop. Vet. J. 13 (2):19-33.


Sharma P, Juyal PD, Singla LD, Chachra D, Pawar H (2012). Comparative evaluation of real time PCR assay with conventional parasitological techniques for diagnosis of Trypanosoma evansi in cattle and buffaloes. Vet. Parasitol. 190:375-382.


Shimelis D, Shibeshi S (2009). Prevalence and vector distribution of bovine trypanosomosis in control (Sibu Sire) and non control (Guto Gida) Districts bordering upper Anger valley of East Wollega Zone, Western Ethiopia. MSc Thesis, University of Gondar, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Gondar, Ethiopia.


STEP (2012). Ministry of Science and Technology, Southern Tsetse Eradication Project (STEP). Field Operation Manual of Tsetse and Trypanosomosis Control and Monitoring, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, pp. 5-63.


Taylor K, Authie EML (2004). Pathogenesis of animal trypanosomosis. In the Trypanosomosis (ed.) I Maudlin, P Holmes, Miles M A, CABI Publishing. pp. 331-353.


Taylor MA, Cop R, Wall R (2007). Veterinary parasitology 3rd ed. UK Black well publisher. 99-103.


Tewelde N (2001). Study on the occurrence of drug resistant trypanosomes in cattle in the farming in tsetse control areas (FITCA) project in western Ethiopia, MSc thesis Addis Ababa University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Debre Zeit, Ethiopia. pp. 1-98.


Thrusfield M (2005). Veterinary Epidemiology, 3rd edn. Blackwell Science, Oxford.


Van den Bossche P, Esterhuizen J, Nkuna R, Matjila T, Penzhorn B, Geerts S, Marcotty T (2006). An update on the bovine trypanosomosis situation at the edge of Hluhuwe- IMfolozi Park, Kwazulu province, South Africa. Ondersteport J. Vet. Res. 73:77-79.


Zelalem A, Feyesa R (2015). Prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis in Harotatessa settlement area of Upper Dedessa Valley, Illubabor Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia. Acta Parasitol. Glob. 6(3):220-230.