Journal of
Soil Science and Environmental Management

  • Abbreviation: J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2391
  • DOI: 10.5897/JSSEM
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 311

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of soil and water conservation measures practiced by farmers: A case study in the Tolon-Kumbungu District of Northern Ghana

Baatuuwie B. N.*, Kwame Ochire-Boadu, Abdul-Ganiyu S2. and William J. Asante
Faculty of Renewable Natural Resources, University for Development Studies, P. O. Box TL 1882, Tamale, Ghana.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 08 April 2011
  •  Published: 30 April 2011

Abstract

This study was undertaken in three communities in Tolon-Kumbungu district of the Nothern region to determine the level of soil erosion on farmlands as well as the soil and water conservation measures adopted by farmers in the area. The results indicated that the farmlands are moderately sloppy (4%) with an estimated soil loss of 2.6 tonnes/ha. Average bulk density was found to be 1.6 g/cm3, indicating slightly compact soil leading to low infiltration rate. Conservation measures put in place by farmers to reduce erosion, increase soil nutrients and conserve moisture include; ridging across the slope, mounding with mulching, use of chemical fertilizer and manure application. The study revealed that soil erosion is moderately high in the area but farmers have put measures in place to reduce its effects and conserve soil moisture.

 

Key words: Infiltration rate, infiltrometer, upstream, midstream, downstream, bulk density.