Journal of
Soil Science and Environmental Management

  • Abbreviation: J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2391
  • DOI: 10.5897/JSSEM
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 311

Full Length Research Paper

Drought and happiness in rural Iran

  Marzieh Keshavarz* and Ezatollah Karami      
Department of Agricultural Extension, College of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
Email: mailto:[email protected]

  •  Accepted: 01 December 2011
  •  Published: 31 March 2012



The place of positive emotions such as happiness and its relationship with natural disasters like drought is ambiguous; therefore, the purpose of this research was to explore the impact of drought on happiness in rural Iran using a causal-comparative research design. The findings revealed that drought significantly reduced the happiness of rural people, and variables such as; intensity of drought, perceived drought impact, welfare and well-being poverty lead to more reduction of happiness during drought. A typology of happiness was provided to explain the findings of this study. It is concluded that the relatively high level of happiness among respondents is a "tactical happiness" used to cope with drought.


Key words: Happiness, drought, Oxford happiness inventory, Iran.