Journal of
Soil Science and Environmental Management

  • Abbreviation: J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2391
  • DOI: 10.5897/JSSEM
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 288

Full Length Research Paper

Influence of phosphorus and potassium fertilizers on growth and yield of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) at Assosa, Benishangul Gumuz Regional State, Western Ethiopia

Habtam Setu
  • Habtam Setu
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Assosa Research Centre, P. O. Box 265, Assosa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Nigussie Dechassa
  • Nigussie Dechassa
  • Department of Plant Sciences, Haramaya University, P. O. Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Yibekal Alemayehu
  • Yibekal Alemayehu
  • Department of Plant Sciences, Haramaya University, P. O. Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 07 March 2016
  •  Accepted: 12 April 2018
  •  Published: 30 June 2018


Ali H, Anjum MA (2004). Aerial growth and dry matter production of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cv. Desiree in relation to phosphorus application. International Agricultural Biological Journal 6(3):458-461.


Allison JH, Flower JH, Allen EJ (2001). Effects of soil and foliar‐applied phosphorus fertilizers on the potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) crop. Agricultion Science Journal 137:379‐395.


Al-Moshileh AM, Errebhi MA, Motawei MI (2005). Effect of various potassium and nitrogen rates and splitting methods on potato under sandy soil and arid environmental conditions. Emirate Agricultural Science Journal 17(1):1-9.


Armstrong DL (1999). Effect of phosphorus on crop maturity. Better Crops 83:14-19.


Assosa Agriculture Research Center (AsARC) (2011). Assosa Agricultural Research Center metrological data for 2011. Assosa, Ethiopia.


Asmaa, R.M. and M.M. Hafez, 2010. Increasing productivity of potato plants (Solanum tuberosum L) by using potassium fertilizer and humic acid application. Int. Academic Research Journal 2(2):83-88.


Assuero SG, Mollier A, Pellerin S (2004). The decrease in growth of phosphorus deficient maize leaves is related to a lower cell production. Plant Cell and Environment 27:887-895.


Atanasiu N (1970). Response to K by cereals on different Ethiopian Soils. In: Proc. of the 9th Congress of the Inter. Potash Institute of Potassium Sym. on the Role of Fertilization in the Intensification of Agricultural Production. International Potato Institute, Berne, Switzerland pp. 249-257.


Bansal SK, Trehan SP (2011). Effect of potassium on yield and processing quality attributes of potato. Karnataka Agricultural Science Journal 24(1):48-54.


Brich HF (1969). Agricultural chemistry and soil science. pp. 81-96. In: Progress Report for the Period March 1968 to 1969. Holleta Genet Research Station, IAR, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Carroll LS, Reiley HE (2011). Introductory Horticulture, 8th Ed. Delmar, Cengage Learning, Clifton Park, New York pp. 41-59.


Chiera J, Thomas J, Rufty T (2002). Leaf initiation and development in soybean under phosphorus stress. Experimental Botany Journal 53:473-481.


Colomb B, Bouniols A and Delpech C (1995). Effect of various phosphorus availabilities on radiation use efficiency in sunflower biomass until anthesis. Plant Nutrition Journal 18:1649-1658.


Colomb B, Kiniry JR, Debaeke P (2000). Effect of soil phosphorus on leaf development and senescence dynamics in field-grown maize. Agronomy Journal 92:428-435.


Dean BB (1994). Managing the Potato Production System. Food Products Press, USA 61p.


Devlin RM, Witham FH (1986). Plant Physiology, 4th Edition. CBS Publ. and Distr., Delhi, India.


Diwaker B, Oswalt DL (1992). Research planning and data handling. ICRISAT, Andra Pradesh, India. 89p.


Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (1980). Production year book. Rome, Italy.


Firman DM, Allen EJ (1989). Estimating individual leaf area of potato from leaf length. Agricultural Science Journal, 112:425-426.


Getu B (1998). Yield, quality, and nitrogen uptake of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) as influenced by rate and time of nitrogen application. An M.Sc. Thesis Presented to the School of Graduate Studies of Alemaya University. Ethiopia 101p.


Grewal JS, Trehan SP, Sharma RC (1991). Phosphorus and potassium nutrition of potato. CPRI Technical Bulletin No.31.Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla, HP, India 43p.


Harris PM (1978). Mineral Nutrition. pp. 195-243. In: P.M. Harris, (ed.). The potato Crop: The Scientific Basis for Improvement. Chapman and Hall. London.


Institute of Agricultural Research (IAR) (2000). Holetta Guenet Research Station Progress Report. April 2000. EIAR, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


International Potato Centre (CIP) (1984). Potato for the developing world. Lima, Peru 150p.


International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR) (1977). Descriptors for the Cultivated Potato. IBPGR, Rome, Italy.


Imas P, Bansal SK (1999). Integrated nutrition management in potato. In: Proc. Sym. of Global Potato Meet, Central Plant Research Institute, December, New Delhi.


Jenkins PD, Ali H (1999). Growth of potato cultivars in response to application of phosphate fertilizer. Annual Applied Biology 135: 431-38.


Khandakhar SM, Rahman MM, Uddin MJ, Khan SA, Qudduus KG (2004). Effect of lime and potassium on potato in acid soils. Pakistan Biology Science Journal 7(3):380-383.


Kleinkopf GE, Westermann DT, Willie MJ (1987). Specific Gravity of Russet Burbank Potatoes. American Potato Journal 64:579-587.


Kochian LV, Hoekenga OA and Pineros MA (2004). How do crop plants tolerate acid soils? Mechanisms of aluminum tolerance and phosphorus efficiency. Annual. Review of Plant Biology 55:459-493.


Landon JR (1991). Booker Tropical Soil Manual: Handbook for Soil Survey and Agricultural Land Evaluation in the Tropics and Sub Tropics. Longman Inc. New York.


Li-Xiu M, Liu-Ya P (2003). An experiment on the best application amount of K2SO4 for potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) grown in Chernozem soil. Chinese Potato Journal 17(1):23-24.


Marschner H (1995). Functions of mineral nutrients: macronutrients, pp. 299-312. In: H. Marschner (ed.). Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants, 2nd Edition. Academic Press New York.


Mengel K, Kirkby EA (2001). Principles of Plant Nutrition, 5th Edition. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers 849p.


Mesfin A (1998). Nature and Management of Ethiopian Soils. Alemaya University of Agriculture, Ethiopia pp. 227-246.


Mulubrhan H (2004). The effects of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium fertilization on the yield and yield components of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) grown on vertisols of Mekelle area, Ethiopia. An M.Sc Thesis Presented to School of Graduate Study of Haramaya University, Ethiopia.


Murphy HF (1963). Fertility and Other Data on Some Ethiopian Soils. College of Agriculture and Mechanical Art, Alemaya, Ethiopia 48 p.


Nigussie-Dechassa N, Schenk MK, Steingrobe N (2003). Phosphorus efficiency of cabbage (Brassica oleraceae L. var. Capitata), carrot (Daucus carota L.), and potato (Solanum tuberosum L). Plant and Soil 250:215-224.


Pauletti V, Menarim E (2004). Timing, sources and rates of potassium fertilizer application for potato. Scientia Agraria 5(1/2):15-20.


Perrenoud S (1993). Fertilizing for High Yield Potato, 2nd Edition. Inter. Potash Institute, Basel, Switzerland.


Plenet D, Mollier A, Pellerin S (2000). Growth analysis of maize field crops under phosphorus deficiency, II. Radiation-use efficiency, biomass accumulation and yield components. Plant and Soil 224:259-272.


Radin JW, Eidenbock MP (1984). Hydraulic conductance as a factor limiting leaf expansion of phosphorus-deficient cotton plants. Plant Physiology 75:372-377.


Statistical Analysis System Institute (SAS) (2004). SAS statistical guide for personal computers, version 9.0. SAS Institute.


Sikka L (1982). Fertilizer and manure requirement of the potato, In: Nganga S andShideler F (eds), Potato Seed Production for Tropical Africa. International Potato Center, Lima, Peru pp. 92-95.


Singh JP (1999). Potassium fertilization of potatoes in north India. In: Proc. of IPI Workshop on Essential Role of K in Diverse Cropping Systems, held at the 16th World Congress of Soil Science, Montpellier, France, 20-26 August 1998. Inter. Potash Institute, Basel, Switzerland pp. 123-127.


Soltanpour PN, Cole CV (1978). Ionic balance and growth of potatoes as affected by N plus P fertilization. American Potato Journal 55:549-60.


Tekalign M, Haque I (1988). Potassium status of some Ethiopian soils. East African Agri. and Forestry Journal 53:123-130.


Thornton RE, Sieczka JB (1980). Commercial potato production in North America. American Potato Journal 57:534-536.


Trehan SP, Claassen N (2000). Potassium uptake efficiency of potato and wheat in relation to growth in flowing solution culture. Potato Research Journal 43:9-18.


Tsedale W (1983). Potassium nutrition of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) on four major Hararge highland soils. M.Sc. Thesis Presented to Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia 57p.


United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) (2005). Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances: Mancozeb facts. Office of Pesticide Programs, US EPA, Washington, DC.


William MA, Woodbury GW (1968). Specific gravity dry matter relationship and reducing sugar changes affected by potato variety, production area and storage. American Potato Journal 45(4):119-131.


Woldegiorgis G, Gebre E, Lemaga B (2008). Potato breeding. In: Woldegiorgis G., Gebre E., Lemaga B. (eds.). Root and Tuber Crops, the Untapped Resources. EIR, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia pp. 15-32.


Yong-fu L, An-cheng L, Hassan MJ, Xinghua W (2006). Effect of phosphorus deficiency on leaf photosynthesis and carbohydrates partitioning in two rice genotypes with contrasting low P susceptibility. Rice Science 13:283-290.


Zameer KM, Akhtar ME, Safdar MN, Mahmood MM, Ahmad S, Ahmed N (2010). Effect of source and level of potash on yield and quality of potato tubers. Pakistan Botany Journal 42(5):3137-3145.


Zelalem A, Tekalign T, Nigussie D (2009). Response of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) to different rates of N and P fertilization on Vertisol at Debre Berhan, in the central highlands of Ethiopia. African Plant Science Journal 3(2):16-24