Journal of
Soil Science and Environmental Management

  • Abbreviation: J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2391
  • DOI: 10.5897/JSSEM
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 311

Full Length Research Paper

Estimation of maize yield gap through soil analysis in small land holding fields at Livingstonia Plateau, Rumphi, Malawi

Bernard Chizengo Gomezgani Kamanga
  • Bernard Chizengo Gomezgani Kamanga
  • Department of Food Security, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Laws Campus, University of Livingstonia, Rumphi, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
Deborah Mhone
  • Deborah Mhone
  • Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Laws Campus, University of Livingstonia, Rumphi, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
Shekinah Lungu
  • Shekinah Lungu
  • Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Laws Campus, University of Livingstonia, Rumphi, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
Matthews Chimbaza
  • Matthews Chimbaza
  • Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Laws Campus, University of Livingstonia, Rumphi, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
Shallonie Soko
  • Shallonie Soko
  • Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Laws Campus, University of Livingstonia, Rumphi, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
MacPherson Makumba
  • MacPherson Makumba
  • Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Laws Campus, University of Livingstonia, Rumphi, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
Elizabeth Kasebele
  • Elizabeth Kasebele
  • Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Laws Campus, University of Livingstonia, Rumphi, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar
Joseph Kalasa
  • Joseph Kalasa
  • Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Laws Campus, University of Livingstonia, Rumphi, Malawi
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 13 January 2021
  •  Accepted: 06 April 2021
  •  Published: 30 April 2021

References

AgroEcoLab (2016). Mehlich 3 Extraction Protocol. www.agroecologylab.com Last updated June 24, 2016.

 

Alpízar F, Saborío-Rodríguez M, Martínez-Rodríguez MR, Viguera B, Vignola R, Capitán T, Harvey CA (2020). Determinants of food insecurity among smallholder farmer households in Central America: recurrent versus extreme weather-driven events. Regional Environmental Change 20(1):1-16.
Crossref

 

Anderson JM, Ingram JSI (1994). Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility: A Handbook of Methods. Soil Science 157(4):265. DOI:10.2307/2261129. Accessed 26 June 2020.
Crossref

 

Asfaw S, Maggio G (2018). Gender, weather shocks and welfare: Evidence from Malawi. The Journal of Development Studies 54(2):271-291. doi: 10.1080/00220388.2017.1283016.
Crossref

 

Bahadori M, Tofighi H (2016). A Modified Walkley-Black Method Based on Spectrophotometric Procedure. Journal of Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 47(2):213-220. https://doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2015.1118118. Accessed 29 June 2020.
Crossref

 

Bargali K, Bargali SS (2020). Effect of size and altitude on soil organic carbon stock in homegarden agroforestry system in Central Himalaya, India. Acta Ecologica Sinica 40(6):483-491.
Crossref

 

Bargali K, Manral V, Padalia K, Bargali SS, Upadhyay VP (2018). Effect of vegetation type and season on microbial biomass carbon in Central Himalayan forest soils, India. Catena 171:125-135.
Crossref

 

Bargali SS (1995). Efficiency of nutrient utilization in an age series of Eucalyptus tereticornis plantations in the tarai belt of Central Himalaya. Journal of Tropical Forest Science pp. 383-390.

 

Bargali SS, Singh RP (1997). Pinus patula plantations in Kumaun Himalaya II. Nutrient dynamics. Journal of Tropical Forest Science pp. 101-114.

 

Bargali SS, Bargali K, Singh L, Ghosh L, Lakhera ML (2009). Acacia nilotica-based traditional agroforestry system: effect on paddy crop and management. Current Science, 581-587.

 

Bargali SS, Padalia K, Bargali K (2019). Effects of tree fostering on soil health and microbial biomass under different land use systems in the Central Himalayas. Land Degradation and Development 30(16):1984-1998.
Crossref

 

Bargali SS, Singh RP, Joshi M (1993). Changes in soil characteristics in eucalypt plantations replacing natural broad?leaved forests. Journal of Vegetation Science 4(1):25-28.
Crossref

 

Bargali SS, Singh SP, Pandya KS (2004). Effects of Acacia nilotica on Gram Crop in a Traditional Agroforestry. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences 30(4):363-368.

 

Benjamin EO (2020). Smallholder Agricultural Investment and Productivity under Contract Farming and Customary Tenure System: A Malawian Perspective. Land 9(8):277.
Crossref

 

Breman H, Schut AG, Seligman NAG (2019). From fed by the world to food security: Accelerating agricultural development in Africa. Plant Production Systems Wageningen University. The Netherlands. DOI: 10.18174/498300. ISBN: 978-94-6395-085-5. Accessed 26 June 2020.
Crossref

 

CCARDESA (2021). The Centre for Coordination of Agricultural Research and Development for Southern Africa (CCARDESA) was founded by SADC member states to harmonise the implementation of agricultural research and development (R&D). Gaborone, Botswana.

 

Chen G, Cheng X, Chen W, Li X, Chen L (2014). GPS-based slope monitoring systems and their applications in transition mining from open-pit to underground. International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering 5(2):152-163. 
Crossref

 

Ciceri D, Allanore A (2018). "Local fertilizers to achieve food self-sufficiency in Africa". Science of the Total Environment 648:669-680.
Crossref

 

Clarkson G (2011). Land Use Intensity and Trees on Farms in Malawi. MSc Thesis. University of Hull, UK.

 

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2007). Mapping biophysical factors that influence agricultural production and rural vulnerability, by Velthuizen, Van Harrij Huddleston, Barbara Fischer, Gunther Salvatore, Mirella Ergin, Ataman Nachtergaele, O. Freddy Marina, Zanetti Mario, Bloise. Rome, Italy.

 

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2015). National Investment Profile Water for Agriculture and Energy Malawi Lilongwe/Rome August 2015.

 

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2019). Standard operating procedure for soil organic carbon Walkley-Black method Titration and colorimetric method. Global Soil Laboratory Network.

 

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2020). Soil testing methods - Global Soil Doctors Programme - A farmer-to-farmer training programme. Rome. 
Crossref

 

Gotosa J, Kodzwa J, Nyamangara J (2019). Effect of Nitrogen Fertiliser Application on Maize Yield Across Agro-Ecological Regions and Soil Types in Zimbabwe: A Meta-analysis Approach. International Journal Plant Production 13(3):251-266. 
Crossref

 

Government of Malawi (GoM) (2010). Second Malawi Growth and Development Strategy for the years 2010 to 2016.

 

Government of Malawi (GoM) (2018). The National Resilience Strategy - 2018 -2030. Breaking the cycles of food insecurity in Malawi, Lilongwe Malawi.

 

Govers G, Merckx R, Wesemael BV, Oost KV (2017). Soil conservation in the 21st century: why we need smart agricultural intensification. Soil 3(1):45-59.
Crossref

 

Grow Africa (2018). Tukula supports smallholder farmers in Malawi. www.growafrica.com› news› Tukula-supports-smallholder farmers. Lilongwe. Malawi. Accessed 29 June 2020.

 

Harwood RR (1979). Small Farm Development: Understanding and Improving Farming Systems in the Humid Tropics, Westview Press, Boulder.

 

Holden ST (2018). Fertilizer and sustainable intensification in Sub-Saharan Africa. Global Food Security 18:20-26.
Crossref

 

Hörner D, Wollni M (2021). Integrated soil fertility management and household welfare in Ethiopia. Food Policy 102022.
Crossref

 

Joshi M, Bargali K, Bargali SS (1997). Changes in physico-chemical properties and metabolic activity of soil in poplar plantations replacing natural broad-leaved forests in Kumaun Himalaya. Journal of Arid Environments 35(1):161-169.
Crossref

 

Julien JC, Bravo-Ureta BE, Rada NE (2019). Assessing farm performance by size in Malawi, Tanzania, and Uganda. Food Policy 84:153-164.
Crossref

 

Kang S, Shi W, Zhang J (2000). An improved water-use efficiency for maize grown under regulated deficit irrigation. Field Crops Research 67(3):207-214.
Crossref

 

Karki H, Bargali K, Bargali SS (2021). Nitrogen mineralization patterns in Populus deltoides and Tectona grandis based agrisilvicultural practices in Central Himalaya, India. Vegetos 34(1):86-93.
Crossref

 

Khoshbakht K, Hammer K, Amini S (2006). Interdisciplinary analysis of home gardens in Savadkouh/Iran: plant uses and socioeconomic aspects. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment 4(2):277-282.

 

Kim DG, Grieco E, Bombelli A, Hickman JE, Sanz-Cobena A (2021). Challenges and opportunities for enhancing food security and greenhouse gas mitigation in smallholder farming in sub-Saharan Africa. A review. Food Security pp. 1-20.
Crossref

 

Kondowe OF (2015). Issues and Challenges of Livingstonia gravity Fed water supply scheme. MSc Thesis. University of Malawi, Blantyre.

 

Landon JR (Eds) (1991). Booker Tropical Soil Manual. A handbook for soil survey and agricultural land evaluation in the tropics and subtropics. Paper Back edition. Longman Science and Technical. UK P 474.

 

Leitner S, Pelster DE, Werner C, Merbold L, Baggs EM, Mapanda F, Butterbach-Bahl K (2020). Closing maize yield gaps in sub-Saharan Africa will boost soil N2O emissions. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 47:95-105.
Crossref

 

Lindsjö K, Mulwafu W, Andersson Djurfeldt A, Joshua MK (2020). Generational dynamics of agricultural intensification in Malawi: Challenges for the youth and elderly smallholder farmers. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability pp. 1-14.
Crossref

 

Magreta R, Magombo T, Zingore S (2010). When the Weak Win: Role of Farmer Groups in Influencing Agricultural Policy Outcome

 

a Case of Nkhate Irrigation Scheme in Malawi. Poster presented at the Joint 3rd African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE) and 48th Agricultural Economists Association of South Africa (AEASA) Conference, Cape Town, South Africa, September 19-23, 2010.

 

Manral V, Bargali K, Bargali SS, Shahi C (2020). Changes in soil biochemical properties following replacement of Banj oak forest with Chir pine in Central Himalaya, India. Ecological Processes 9:1-9.
Crossref

 

Master S, Duane MJ (1998). The Nyika Plateau Structure of Malawi (Central Afriic). Rediscovered: Not an Astrobleme.

 

McCarthy N, Kilic T, Brubaker J, Murray S, de la Fuente A (2021). Droughts and floods in Malawi: impacts on crop production and the performance of sustainable land management practices under weather extremes. Environment and Development Economics pp. 1-18.
Crossref

 

McLeod MK, Sufardi S, Harden S (2020). Soil fertility constraints and management to increase crop yields in the dryland farming systems of Aceh, Indonesia. Soil Research.
Crossref

 

Mugizi FM, Matsumoto T (2021). A curse or a blessing? Population pressure and soil quality in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from rural Uganda. Ecological Economics 179:106851.
Crossref

 

Mugwe J, Ngetich F, Otieno EO (2019). Integrated Soil Fertility Management in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evolving Paradigms Toward Integration. Zero Hunger. Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals, Springer, Cham.
Crossref

 

Munialo S, Dahlin AS, Onyango MC, Oluoch-Kosura W, Marstorp H, Öborn I (2020). Soil and management-related factors contributing to maize yield gaps in western Kenya. Food and Energy Security 9(1):e189. 
Crossref

 

Mutuku EA, Roobroeck D, Vanlauwe B, Boeckx P, Cornelis WM (2020). Maize production under combined Conservation Agriculture and Integrated Soil Fertility Management in the sub-humid and semi-arid regions of Kenya. Field Crops Research 254:107833.
Crossref

 

NAAIAP (2014). Soil suitability evaluation for maize production in Kenya. Nairobi, Kenya: Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries.

 

Nanganoa LT, Ngome FA, Suh C, Basga SD (2020). Assessing Soil Nutrients Variability and Adequacy for the Cultivation of Maize, Cassava, and Sorghum in Selected Agroecological Zones of Cameroon. International Journal of Agronomy 2020.
Crossref

 

Neina D (2019). The role of soil pH in plant nutrition and soil remediation. Applied and Environmental Soil Science. 2019.
Crossref

 

Njoloma JP, Sileshi WG, Sosola BG, Nalivata PC, Nyoka BI (2016). Soil fertility status under smallholder farmers' fields in Malawi. African Journal of Agricultural Research 11(19):1679-1687.
Crossref

 

OUAT (2017). Annual Report 2016-17 Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology Bhubaneswar - 751 003.

 

Padalia K, Bargali SS, Bargali K, Khulbe K (2018). Microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen in relation to cropping systems in Central Himalaya, India. Current Science 115(9):1741-1750.
Crossref

 

Seed Co (2018). Maize growers guide for Southern Africa. Harare, Zimbabwe.

 

Shahi C, Bargali SS, Bargali K (2019). Carbon stock and sequestration potential of different sized agroecosystems in Kumaun Himalaya. Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences 8:S26-S31.

 

Silberg TR, Richardson RB, Hockett M, Snapp SS (2017). Maize-legume intercropping in central Malawi: determinants of practice. Journal of International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 15(6):662 -680.
Crossref

 

Silva S (2012). Aluminium toxicity targets in plants. Journal of Botany Volume 2012, 8 pages, Article ID 219462.
Crossref

 

Snapp S (1998). Soil nutrient status of smallholder farms in Malawi. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 29(17-18):2571-2588.
Crossref

 

Timmer CP (Ed.). (2019). The corn economy of Indonesia. Cornell University Press.

 

Tittonell P, Giller KE (2013). "When yield gaps are poverty traps: The paradigm of ecological intensification in African smallholder agriculture". Field Crops Research 143:76-90.

 

van Ittersum MK, van Bussel LJ, Wolf J, Grassini P, van Wart J, Guilpart N, Claessens L, de Groot H, Wiebee K, Mason-D'Croze D, Yang H, Boogaard H, van Oort PAJ, van Loon MP, Saitof K, Adimoh O, Adjei-Nsiahi S, Agalij A, Balak A, Chikowo R, Kaizzim K, Kouressyn M, Makoio JHJR, Ouattarap K, Tesfaye K, Cassman KG (2016). "Can sub-Saharan Africa feed itself?" PNAS 113:14964-14969.
Crossref

 

Vibhuti BK, Bargali SS, Bargali SA (2019). Species composition, diversity and traditional uses of homegarden in Kumaun Himalaya, India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science 89(9):47-50.

 

Vibhuti BK, Bargali SS, Bargali SS (2018). Effects of homegarden size on floristic composition and diversity along an altitudinal gradient in Central Himalaya, India. Current Science 114(00113891):2494-2503.
Crossref

 

Vidigal P, Romeiras MM, Monteiro F (2019). Crops diversification and the role of orphan legumes to improve the Sub-Saharan Africa farming systems. In Sustainable Crop Production. IntechOpen.
Crossref

 

Weil RR (2019). The "Birch Effect" - Understanding Soil Organic Matter Mineralization in Dry Regions. Managing global resources for a secure future. Annual Meeting. Oct. 22-25. Tampa, FL.

 

Wendt JW (1993). Evaluation of Mehlich-3 extraction for upland Malawi soils. Chitedze Research Station, Lilongwe, Malawi.

 

World Bank (2007). "Agriculture for development". World development report 2008. World Bank, Washington, D.C.

 

Zaldivar ME, Rocha OJ, Castro E, Barrantes R (2002). Species diversity of edible plants grown in homegardens of Chibchan Amerindians from Costa Rica. Human Ecology 30(3):301-316.
Crossref

 

Zant W (2020). If smallholder farmers have access to the world market: the case of tobacco marketing in Malawi. European Review of Agricultural Economics 47(4):1402-1437.
Crossref

 

Zem?d?lský ÚKZU, Vlk L, Horová M, Krej?a R, Špejra R, Jakobiho SRO (2018). Soil Analysis using Mehlich 3 Extractant. Technique for Sample Preparation. Central Institute for Supervising and Testing in Agriculture Hroznová 2, CZ-65606 Brno, Czech Republik Chromservis. Accessed on 24th June 2020. http://www.teledynecetac.com/resourceSite/Application%20Notes/HAM0852.pdf.

 

Zhou B, Sun X, Wang D, Ding Z, Li C, Ma W, Zhao M (2019). Integrated agronomic practice increases maize grain yield and nitrogen use efficiency under various soil fertility conditions. The Crop Journal 7(4):527-538.
Crossref