Philosophical Papers and Review

  • Abbreviation: Philos. Papers Rev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-663X
  • DOI: 10.5897/PPR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 44

Article in Press

Existence and mankind in Hafez's existential thought

jamalipour hossein

  •  Received: 12 October 2021
  •  Accepted: 17 January 2022
Hafez (1325-1390) has dealt with various issues of anthropology and ontology and has expressed contradictory views in his poems. Issues such as determinism, destiny, freedom, suffering, love and man's invitation to hedonism. Sometimes he speaks of failure and despair, and sometimes he tries hopefully to change the world and the foundation of life. Sometimes he speaks of suffering and sometimes he invites for love, potatory and pleasure. As a result, Hafez commentators disagree on the fact that Hafez is deterministic and raise the question of how man can be free if determinism rules the world. On the other hand, if life is full of suffering, how can human life be meaningful in this suffering and coercive world? This study is an attempt to discuss Hafez's "ontology", "human freedom", and "the place of love in the meaning of life" and we sill show that Hafez's destiny will be compatible with and completes human freedom, and love with the suffering of life.

Keywords: ontology, freedom, fatalism, love, Hafez, meaning of life