Philosophical Papers and Review

  • Abbreviation: Philos. Papers Rev
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-663X
  • DOI: 10.5897/PPR
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 39

Full Length Research Paper

Big bang: The apologetic of Quran and the Will of God

Jahangir A. Dar
  • Jahangir A. Dar
  • National Innovation Foundation, Grambharti, Amrapur, Gandhinagar-Mahudi Road, Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 22 May 2018
  •  Accepted: 25 September 2018
  •  Published: 31 July 2019


Bell EA, Boehnke P, Harrison TM, Mao WL (2015). Potentially biogenic carbon preserved in a 4.1 billion-year old zircon. Proceedings of the Natural Academy of Sciences 112(47):14518-14521.


Bennett JO, Donahue M, Schneider N, Voit M (2018). The essential cosmic perspective. Pearson. Available at: 



Briscoe DS (1987). Genesis, The Communicator's Commentary. Word Books, Waco, TX, 37. Available at: 



Farid MG (2006). Dictionary of the Holy Quran. P 846.


Gladders MD, Yee HK, Majumdar S, Barrientos LF, Hoekstra H, Hall PB, Infante L (2007). Cosmological constraints from the red-sequence cluster survey. The Astrophysical Journal 655(1):128.


Hasel GF (1994). "The" Days" of Creation in Genesis 1: Literal" Days" or Figurative" Periods/Epochs" of Time?". Origins 21(1):5-38. Available at: View


Hawking SW (1988). A Brief History of Time. Bantam Press, Great Britain. pp. 89-149.


Hawking SW (1993). Black Holes and Baby Universes. Bantam Press, Great Britain P 77.


Holy Bible New International Version. Exodus 20, verse 11.


Holy Bible New International Version. Exodus 31, verse 17.


Holy Bible New International Version. Genesis 2, verses 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6.


Holy Bible New International Version. Genesis 1, verses 1, 2 and 3.


Holy Bible New International Version. Isaiah 42, verse 5.


Holy Bible New International Version. Isaiah 48, verse 13.


Holy Bible New International Version. John 1, verses 1-3.


Holy Bible New International Version. Psalm 33, verse 6.


Hubble E (1929). A relation between distance and radial velocity among extra-galactic nebulae. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 15(3):168-173.


Karouby J (2012). Topics in Early Universe Cosmology (Doctoral dissertation, Universite McGill).


Lane EW (1863). An Arabic-English Lexicon. P 3064.


Lemaitre G (1958). The primaeval atom hypothesis and the problem of the clusters of galaxies. pp. 1-32. Available at: 



Malcolm WB (1990). New Direction in Physics: Back in Time - The New York Times. Available at: 



Naik Z (2014). The Qur'aan and the modern science. Darussalam publishers. P 8. Available at: 



Noebel D (2006). Understanding the Times: The Collision of the World's Competing Worldviews." Summit Press, Manitou Springs, CO. P 103.


Patrides CA (1963). Renaissance Estimates of the Year of Creation. Huntington Libraray Quaterly 26(4):315-322.


Penzias AA, Wilson RW (1965). A measurement of excess antenna temperature at 4080 Mc/s. The Astrophysical Journal 142:419-421.


Qur'aan, chapter 'Byzantium', verse 22.


Qur'aan, chapter 'Explained in Detail', verse 11.


Qur'aan, chapter 'Hud', verse 7.


Qur'aan, chapter 'Jonas', verse 3.


Qur'aan, chapter 'Luqman', verse 10.


Qur'aan, chapter 'Mary', verse 65.


Qur'aan, chapter 'The Bee', verse 40.


Qur'aan, chapter 'The Cattle', verse 73.


Qur'aan, chapter 'The Clans', verse 40.


Qur'aan, chapter 'The Cow', verse 117.


Qur'aan, chapter 'The Cow', verse 252.


Qur'aan, chapter 'The Heights', verse 54.


Qur'aan, chapter 'The Originator', verse 41.


Qur'aan, chapter 'The Prophets', verse 30.


Qur'aan, chapter 'The Rock', verse 85.


Qur'aan, chapter 'The Table ', verse 18.


Qur'aan, chapter 'The Thunder', verse 2.


Qur'aan, chapter 'The winnowing winds', verse 47.


Schramm DN, Turner MS (1998). Big-bang nucleosynthesis enters the precision era. Reviews of Modern Physics 70(1):303.


Stuiver M, Braziunas TF (1993). Modeling atmospheric 14 C influences and 14 C ages of marine samples to 10,000 BC. Radiocarbon 35(1):137-189.


Trimble V (1987). Existence and nature of dark matter in the universe. Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics 25:425-472.


Wall M (2011). The Big Bang Didn't Need God to Start Universe, Researchers Say. Space. com, 24.


Wehr H (1976). A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic. P 1110.