Research in Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Res. Pharm. Biotech.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2324
  • DOI: 10.5897/RPB
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 42

Full Length Research Paper

Ethnobotanical importance of halophytes of Noshpho salt mine, District Karak, Pakistan

Musharaf Khan
  • Musharaf Khan
  • Department of Botany, University of Peshawar, Pakistan.
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Shahana Musharaf
  • Shahana Musharaf
  • Government Girls Degree College S. Malton, Mardan, Pakistan.
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Zabta Khan Shinwari
  • Zabta Khan Shinwari
  • Department of Plant Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad- 45320, Pakistan.
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  • Article Number - 1F6684F468
  • Vol.3(4), pp. 46-52, April 2011
  •  Accepted: 01 March 2011
  •  Published: 30 April 2011

Abstract

 

The present study documents the traditional knowledge of medicinal halophytes of Noshpho Salt Mine District Karak, Khyber Pakhton Khwa (KPK), Pakistan. These medicinal halophytes are wide spread and are common in Noshpho Salt Mine. We have documented the use of 33 species belonging to 18 families. The dominant families are Asteraceae with 6 species, followed by Chenopodiaceae and Poaceae with 3 species, Asclepiadaceae, Capparidaceae, Mimosaceae, Rhamnaceae, Solanaceae and Zygophyllaceae with 2 species each. These medicinal plants are used to cure about 30 to 35 types of diseases. The main diseases in this area were cough, diabetes, stomach problem, headache, jaundice, toothache and skin diseases. Leaves are the most frequently used plant part against diseases. The area was investigated for the first time ever and information about the traditional remedies were collected and documented before they are lost. With a little support, the cultivation and conservation of such natural resources may result in sustainable maintenance and utilization of this plant wealth and uplift the socio-economic status of the people. It is also recommended that both the public and private sector should be encouraged to invest in these plants which have potential to become an economically viable industry.

 

Key words: Medicinal halophyte, conservation, Noshpho salt mine, Pakistan