Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2768

Table of Content: 30 July, 2012; 7(29)

July 2012

An Object That Puzzles Scientists

  The Turin Shroud (TS) has been religiously defined by the Pope (2010) as “… Mystery of Cross and of Light” evidencing the halo of mystery that surrounds what for many believers is the most important Relic of Christianity. But can the discussion on the TS be only circumscribed around the Religion? Certainly not because this Object has not yet been explained by Science and...

Author(s): G. Fanti

July 2012

Open issues regarding the Turin Shroud

  The Turin Shroud is a linen cloth which shows the front and back images of a man who had been scourged, crowned with thorns and crucified, who died on a cross and who was stabbed in the side with a lance after his death. The Catholic Christian tradition identifies him as Jesus Christ who was resurrected from the dead, but not all researchers are unanimous in believing this tradition, partly because science...

Author(s): G. Fanti

July 2012

Forensic aspects and blood chemistry of the Turin Shroud Man

  On the Turin Shroud (TS) is depicted a faint double image of a naked man who has suffered a violent death. The image seems to be that of a real human body. Additionally, red stains of different size, form and density are spread all over the body image and in a few instances outside the body. Forensic examination by help of different analyzing tools reveals these stains as human blood. The distribution and...

Author(s): Niels Svensson and Thibault Heimburger

July 2012

The Shroud of Turin and its ancient copies

  There are copies of the Shroud of Turin, which could be described as "Shroud” actually made by man's hand. We can share our experience in the analysis of some of them. By using the results from these examples and comparing them with the results of the analysis of the Shroud of Turin itself, we could assess the actual possibility that the true Shroud was made by an artist. The negativity, the...

Author(s): César Barta and Alfonso V. Carrascosa

July 2012

Optical and chemical characteristics of the mineral particles found on the face of the Turin Shroud

  We have studied optical properties (in optic and petrographic microscopy) of mineral particles (diameter > 1 µm) deposited on the surface of a small (≈ 1.4 mm height, 610 µm wide) sticky tape triangle corresponding to the Face area of the Turin Shroud (TS). All these particles were studied by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) and their elemental compositions were analysed by X-ray...

Author(s): Gérard Lucotte

July 2012

A physicochemical interpretation of the Turin Shroud imaging

  The image impressed on the inner side of the Turin Shroud (TS) could be interpreted as the signature of a natural event. The fundamental working hypothesis adopted in this paper is that an accelerated physicochemical aging occurred on the topmost fibers of the cellulosic texture. This extremely superficial degradation is assumed as being originated by electrostatic discharges (ESD, often also referred to as...

Author(s): Vitantonio Amoruso and Francesco Lattarulo

July 2012

Corona discharge to explain the image of the Turin Shroud: Experimental results

  Corona Discharge (CD) has been considered as a way to produce marks on a linen tissue and then as one possible explanation of the image observed in the Turin Shroud (TS). We used CD to produce images on linen from two silver figures. Their photograph negatives resemble that of the TS. Discussion of the CD produced images is presented. Also, breaking resistance of the linen threads was measured as function of...

Author(s): Jorge García-Macedo, Naxi Cansino and Guadalupe Valverde-Aguilar

July 2012

Image formation of the Turin Shroud: Hypothesis based on water vapor effects of light absorption

  The Shroud of Turin displays a weak front and back body image which inter alia is very superficial and possesses three-dimensional properties. Up to now it has been impossible to reproduce all its characteristics at the same time albeit several attempts were made in many laboratories. But lately, coloration similar to that of the Shroud has been imprinted on dry linen cloths with a powerful VUV...

Author(s): Giuseppe Baldacchini and Francesco Baldacchini

July 2012

Piezonuclear neutrons from earthquakes as a hypothesis for the image formation and the radiocarbon dating of the Turin Shroud

  Some researchers have suggested that corona discharge phenomenon or proton radiation is responsible for the Shroud body image formation, while neutron radiation is liable to a wrong radiocarbon dating. On the other hand, no plausible physical reason has been proposed to explain the radiation source origin, and its possible effects on the linen fibres. However, some recent studies, carried...

Author(s): A. Carpinteri, G. Lacidogna, A. Manuello and O. Borla

July 2012

Particle radiation from the body could explain the Shroud’s images and its carbon dating

  This paper highlights some of the main reasons why radiation caused the body images on the Shroud of Turin; why the source of this radiation was the body wrapped within it; that the radiation appears to be particle radiation; and that if particle radiation came from the body of the man in the Shroud, it could account for or explain all of the primary and secondary body image features, the excellent condition...

Author(s): M. Antonacci

July 2012

A possible hypothesis for correcting the radiocarbon age of the Shroud of Turin

  Three methods of calculation in Chemical Physics are used to study how the isotopic exchange could affect the radiocarbon age of the Shroud of Turin. The basic hypothesis is that a fire in the year 1532 caused an isotopic exchange reaction between the air and the fabric of linen. According to this model, molecules of carbon dioxide from the air exchanged isotopes  by isotopes  with the...

Author(s): Francisco Alconchel-Pecino

July 2012

Digital image processing techniques demonstrating the anomalous nature of the radiocarbon dating sample area of the Shroud of Turin

  This article reports on the use of digital image processing techniques to analyze an ultraviolet-fluorescence photograph of the area of the Shroud of Turin where the radiocarbon dating samples were taken. Results of this analysis demonstrate the anomalous nature of the radiocarbon data sample area. The techniques employed in this investigation are those used by the land remote sensing community for the...

Author(s): John M. Morgan, III