Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2750

Table of Content: December 2008; 3(12)

December 2008

The interaction of HIV and tuberculosis

  Tuberculosis (TB) is frequently observed in HIV-infected patients living in sub-Saharan Africa.  HIV-TB co-infection poses many problems with regard to diagnosis, treatment, drug resistance, and burdens on the health systems of developing African countries.  The aetiological agent of TB, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, interacts with HIV through a number of mechanisms that support disease...

Author(s): Yoshan Moodley

December 2008

Studies on the isolation of normal and abnormal seedlings of Chrysophyllum albidum: A step towards sustainable management of the taxon in the 21st century

  The authors’ field trip revealed that the local populace attempted to plantChrysophyllum albidum seeds but met with severe limitation. In the light of the above a study was designed to determine the optimum seed germination medium, normality and abnormality of seedlings. Of all the growth media used, 4 parts topsoil (4PTS) + 4 parts farm yard manure  (4PFYM) had the best result. A mean seed...

Author(s): J. E. Ehiagbonare, H. I. Onyibe and E. E. Okoegwale

December 2008

Comparison of the efficacy of magnesium sulphate and diazepam in the control of tetanus spasms

  Tetanus though preventable through vaccination, it continues to be a major scourge and a common cause of death in developing countries. The objective of this study is to compare the efficacy of magnesium sulphate and diazepam in controlling the tetanus spasm. This was a randomized double blind controlled trial. A total of 42 patients with clinical diagnosis of tetanus, received continuous infusion of either...

Author(s): Osalusi, B. S., Ogun, S. A., Ogunniyi, A. and Kolapo, K. O.

December 2008

Genetic structure of rice samples from a germplasm bank

  The analysis of genetic relationships in crop species is an important component of crop improvement programs, as it serves to provide information about genetic diversity. Accurate assessment of levels and patterns of genetic diversity can be invaluable in crop breeding for diverse applications such as analysis of genetic variability in cultivars, identifying diverse parental combinations to create segregating...

Author(s): Allcochete, A. A. N.,, Rangel, P. H. N. and Ferreira, M. E.,

December 2008

An overview of the trend and status of food science and technology research in Zimbabwe over a period of 30 years

  In Zimbabwe there has been considerable research in food science and technology on the local foods ranging from fermented foods and beverages to fruits and vegetables. This paper reviews for the first time the status and trends in food science and technology research in Zimbabwe during the past 30 years. Some of the notable original research findings from these researches are summarised, highlighting the...

Author(s): Wilson Parawira and Maud Muchuweti

December 2008

Cobalt reverses vanadate inhibition of rat kidney alkaline phosphatase

  Vanadate ion (VO43-) is an established inhibitor of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and inorganic phosphate transport across biologic membranes. The concentration-dependent effects of Co2+ and VO43- on rat kidney ALP activity were carried out over a range of 3.33 – 25.67 mM p–NPP concentrations. The investigation revealed Co2+ as an activator of rat kidney ALP, while vanadate inhibited...

Author(s): Rotimi O. Arise, Folashade F. Davies and Sylvia O. Malomo

December 2008

Evaluation of microbial hazards associated with the processing of Suya (a grilled meat product)

  Suya is a popular spicy roasted meat product in Nigeria. Ready-to-eat Suya samples were collected from six 'Suya spots' serving at least 240 consumers in 6 selected cities within south-western Nigeria. On-line process monitoring and sampling during processing was used to identify the Critical Control Points and evaluate microbiological hazards. Microbiological analyses of 144 samples ofSuya,...

Author(s): Edema Mojisola Olayinka, Osho Adetokunbo Temitope and Diala Chukwunonye Innocent