Assessment of ecosystem services in the Wildlife Reserve of Togodo (South East of Togo, West Africa) and vulnerability-adaptation of surrounding communities to climate variability and change effects
This study aims at contributing to the vulnerability and adaptation to climate changes (CC) analysis of bordering communities of Togodo Reserve, in order to enhance their resilience. Specifically, the present study attempted to (i) identify the climatic hazards of the WRT; (ii) determine the impacts of climate variability and change on their livelihoods; (iii) assess the socio-economic vulnerability of these...
The importance of undergraduate coursework in student success at South Carolina medical institutions
The importance of undergraduate coursework in determining medical school student readiness reaches far beyond preparation to take the standardized Medical College Admissions Test (MCAT®). Since medical schools employ a rigorous and fast-paced learning system to instruct prospective medical students on (A) didactic information in the basic sciences and (B) the critical methodology of clinical practice, it is...
Diurnal variation of F2-layer critical frequency under solar activity recurrent conditions during solar cycles 21 and 22 at Ouagadougou Station: Prediction with IRI-2012
This paper presents foF2 data recorded at Ouagadougou Ionosonde Station and compares them with IRI-2012 model results through its two subroutines, Union Radio Scientifique Internationale (URSI) and Comité Consultatif International des Radio Communications (CCIR) during recurrent solar activity. Except for the solar cycle maximum period, measured data profiles corroborate with the signatures of E×B drift....
Positioning smallholder farming in the agricultural productivity and food security in resource limited Sierra Leone
Agriculture is dominated by smallholder farmers who occupy the majority of land, and produce most of the crop and livestock products in Sierra Leone. Nonetheless, the key long-standing challenge of the smallholder farmers is low productivity that stems from the lack of access to markets, credit and technology, and in recent years these are compounded by the volatile food and energy prices and very recently by the global...
Structural plasticity and species distribution in a peri-urban mangrove of Southeastern Brazil
The goal of this study was to evaluate the structural plasticity and distribution of mangrove species in the Estuarine System of Greater Vitória (ESGV). Four areas distributed along the estuary were analyzed. Fringe and basin forests were sampled in each station. Concomitantly to the forest sampling, interstitial salinity was measured in the field, and sediment was collected for analysis of organic matter (OM)...