Scientific Research and Essays

  • Abbreviation: Sci. Res. Essays
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-2248
  • DOI: 10.5897/SRE
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2750

Table of Content: November 2008; 3(11)

November 2008

Comparative studies on alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alkaline phosphatase amplification (AMP) horseradish peroxidase (HRP), penicillinase (PNC) and avidin – biotin penicillinase amplification ELISA in detection of maize streak virus (MSV) in maize plants and Cicadulina mbila (leafhoppers) insect vector

  Comparative study of dilution end point on various detecting enzymes in ELISA techniques to determine sensitivity level for detection of Maize Steak Virus (MSV), both in the maize plant and the insect vector Cicadulina mbila (leafhopper), was carried out using Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Horseradish peroxidase (HRP), Alkaline phosphatase amplification (AMP) and Penicillinase (PNC) and Avidin- Biotin...

Author(s): Abolade S. Afolabi and George Thottappilly,

November 2008

Regeneration studies on Pentaclethra macrophylla Bth

  To provide a basis for sustainable management of a multipurpose tropical plant –Pentaclethra macrophylla, a study was carried out to determine the optimum method(s) of seed germination and seedling growth. Of all the methods evaluated in the seed germination studies the optimum method was soaking seeds in tap water for 10 days with daily replacement of water. This yielded mean value of 86.30%...

Author(s): J. E. Ehiagbonare and H. I. Onyibe

November 2008

Microbial studies on frozen shrimps processed in Ibadan and Lagos, Nigeria

  This study reports the microbial investigation on shrimps, a frozen seafood, processed at ten different processing plants in Ibadan and Lagos, Nigeria. Samples processed and unprocessed shrimps were collected and analyzed for the presence of microorganisms. Microbial loads were enumerated using microbiological media. A total of 120 isolates characterized...

Author(s): I. O. Okonko, T. A. Ogunnusi, A. A. Ogunjobi, A. O. Adedeji, O. D. Adejoye, E. T. Babalola and A. A. Ogun

November 2008

Some physicochemical parameters of potable water supply in Warri, Niger Delta Area of Nigeria

  Some physiochemical parameters of potable water supply in relation to surface water, shallow well and borehole water in Warri area of Niger Delta region of Nigeria were assessed to determine their pollution profiles. Parameters such pH, turbidity, total suspended solids (TSS), chemical oxygen demand (COD), dissolved oxygen (DO), sulphate, phosphate, chloride and bicarbonate in the different water supply...

Author(s): John Kanayochukwu Nduka, Orish Ebere Orisakwe and Linus Obi Ezenweke

November 2008

In vitro prediction of in vivo bioavailability and bioequivalence of brands of metronidazole tablets in Eastern Nigerian drug market

  The objective of this study was to carry out pharmaceutical equivalence studies on ten different brands of commercially available samples of metronidazole tablets from different manufacturers. The in vitro parameters employed were dissolution rate (in 0.1 N Hydrochloric acid at 37oC), hardness, weight uniformity, friability, disintegration time, absolute drug content and dissolution efficiency were...

Author(s): Ibezim, E. C., Attama, A. A., Obitte, N. C., Onyishi, V. I. and Brown, S. A.

November 2008

Determinants of labour productivity on small-holder cocoyam farms in Anambra State, Nigeria

  This study used the log linear model derived from the Cobb-Douglas functional form for explaining labour productivity of small holder cocoyam farmers in Anambra State. The study data were collected through a multi-stage random sampling technique from 120 farmers using the cost-route approach in 2005. The study found fertilizer, cocoyam setts, capital and farmer experience to be positively and significantly...

Author(s): B. C. Okoye, C. E. Onyenweaku, O. O. Ukoha, G. N. Asumugha and O. C. Aniedu

November 2008

Antibacterial activity of ethanolic leaf extract of Ficus exasperata on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus albus

  The ethanolic leaf extract of Ficus exasperate was screened for antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus albus. The satisfactory MIC of the plant extract against E. coli is 300 mg/ml while that of S. albus is 700 mg/ml. The study also revealed that the combination of the crude plant extract and the protein...

Author(s): Odunbaku, O. A., Ilusanya, O. A. and Akasoro, K. S.