African Journal of Plant Science
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Article Number - F7F2F1C64267

Vol.11(6), pp. 220-228 , June 2017
DOI: 10.5897/AJPS2017.1559
ISSN: 1996-0824

Full Length Research Paper

Nondestructive maturity assessment tools for commercially viable fruits and vegetables in Uganda

Paul Okiror
  • Paul Okiror
  • Faculty of Science, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, P. O. Box 1410, Mbarara, Uganda
  • Google Scholar
Julius Bunny Lejju
  • Julius Bunny Lejju
  • Faculty of Science, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, P. O. Box 1410, Mbarara, Uganda
  • Google Scholar
Joseph Bahati
  • Joseph Bahati
  • School of Forestry, Environmental and Geographical Sciences, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda
  • Google Scholar
Grace Kagoro Rugunda
  • Grace Kagoro Rugunda
  • Faculty of Science, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, P. O. Box 1410, Mbarara, Uganda
  • Google Scholar
Collins Inno Sebuuwufu
  • Collins Inno Sebuuwufu
  • Faculty of Science, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, P. O. Box 1410, Mbarara, Uganda
  • Google Scholar

 Received: 07 April 2017  Accepted: 29 April 2017  Published: 30 June 2017

Copyright © 2017 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0

Fruit and vegetable maturity at harvest influences transportation and storage requirements as well as market value. However, small scale farmers in Uganda lack technologies for maturity assessment leading to high pre- and post-harvest losses and low financial returns from fruit and vegetable farms. This study, therefore, assessed the development of fruits (pineapple, passion fruit, watermelon) and vegetables (cabbage, egg plant, pumpkin and tomato), determined optimal maturity indices and fabricated and tested nondestructive tools for maturity assessment. Propagation trials and testing of tools were undertaken at Nangabo and Kangulumira sub counties in central Uganda. The findings show that eggplant, passion fruit, pineapple and pumpkin underwent 3 distinct development stages during which their diameter, length and outer colour changed. Cabbage remained green, but its bulb diameter and length varied with maturity. Watermelon had 4 development stages with significant (P≤0.05) changes in morphology and outer colour. Tomato fruits had 6 distinct outer colour changes. Age and colour were maturity indices for passion fruit. Fruit age and diameter were the maturity indices for watermelon. Age, diameter, length and colour were the maturity indices for pineapple, tomato and eggplant. Cabbage and pumpkin share indices including: age, diameter and length. A farm record book (FRB) was designed for documenting phenology and maturity stages of studied fruits and vegetables. A calibrated calliper (CC) and Calibrated tape (CT) were fabricated for assessing the morphological development in pineapple, tomato, eggplant, cabbage, pumpkin and watermelon. Customized colour charts (CCC) were designed for monitoring colour changes as passion fruits, pineapples, tomatoes and eggplants mature. On-farm trials show that CCCs were the most effective tools for monitoring passion fruit (80%), pineapple (64%), tomato (60%), eggplant (68%). Similar studies involving several cultivars and maturity determination tools are, therefore, recommended.


Key words: Fruit, Kangulumira, maturity index, maturity determination tools, Nangabo, vegetable.

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APA Okiror, P., Lejju, J. B., Bahati, J., Rugunda G. K., & Sebuuwufu, C. I. (2017). Nondestructive maturity assessment tools for commercially viable fruits and vegetables in Uganda. African Journal of Plant Science, 11(6), 220-228.
Chicago Paul Okiror, Julius Bunny Lejju, Joseph Bahati, Grace Kagoro Rugunda and Collins Inno Sebuuwufu. "Nondestructive maturity assessment tools for commercially viable fruits and vegetables in Uganda." African Journal of Plant Science 11, no. 6 (2017): 220-228.
MLA Paul Okiror, et al. "Nondestructive maturity assessment tools for commercially viable fruits and vegetables in Uganda." African Journal of Plant Science 11.6 (2017): 220-228.
DOI 10.5897/AJPS2017.1559

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