International Journal of
Biodiversity and Conservation

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-243X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJBC
  • Start Year: 2009

IJBC Articles in press

Effects of some environmental factors on vegetation diversity and community types in wood lands of Afar Region, Northeast Ethiopia

Article in Press

This study assesses effects of environmental factors on: (1) the floristic composition and diversity of plant species, and (2) plant communities in selected Prosopis juliflora (Prosopis) invaded districts of the Southern Afar Region, Ethiopia. Four sites from two districts Afar Region were selected for vegetation survey. Then, 64 sample quadrats were placed in the wood lands using preferential sampling design. Quadrats of...

Author(s):Wakshum Shiferaw, Sebsebe Demissew, Tamrat Bekele, Ermias Aynekulu

The effects of indiscriminate agrochemical applications on honeybee colonies in Tigray Region, Northern Ethiopia

Article in Press

The effects of agrochemical applications on honeybee production was studied in Tigray regional state to assess the types of agrochemicals and their effects on honeybee colonies using a questionnaire survey and observation methods. From the 384 beekeepers interviewed, 52.3% of them are recognized as pesticides users. Moreover, there was significant variation in use of agrochemicals among beekeepers in the study districts (p

Author(s):Guesh Godifey Gebremicheal, Amssalu Bezabeh


Article in Press

The present investigation was conducted to develop a protocol for rapid and efficient in vitro clonal propagation of Cichorium intybus L. Efficient shoot regeneration of Cichorium intybus L. from embryogenic callus cultures has been obtained using thidiazuron (TDZ). In vitro nodes have been used as explant and cultured on MS medium supplemented with different phytohormonal concentrations and combinations. TDZ/IAA...

Author(s):Rehana Hamid and Lateef Ahmad Rather

A review of Human Elephant Interactions in Tanzania, Are there proper mitigation measures?

Article in Press

The success of biodiversity conservation and human societies depends intimately on the living components of natural and managed systems. Conservation of wildlife, especially elephants, is challenging under the increasing human population changes in land use systems. Land use/ land cover change (LULCC) affects the provision of ecosystem services for humans and habitat for wildlife and increase competition between humans and...

Author(s):Naza E. Mmbaga

The effects of abiotic factors on population biology of Euphorbia clivicola, Limpopo Province, South Africa

Article in Press

The need to conduct a detailed biological and ecological study on Euphorbia clivicola was sparked by the drastic decline in population’ sizes of the populations of Percy Fyfe Nature Reserve and Radar Hill, coupled with the discovery of a new population at Ga-Dikgale village, Limpopo Province, South Africa. The newly discovered population lacked scientific data necessary to develop an adaptive management plan. The abiotic...

Author(s):Seloba Chuene and Martin Potgieter

Study of vegetation in the Kirala Kele partial-nature-based wetland of Southern Sri Lanka

Article in Press

Biological diversity helps in the formation and maintenance of hydrology, atmosphere and lithological factors of the environment as a unique unit. The analysis of biodiversity makes use of the vegetation species and ecosystem diversity of the Kirala Kele wetland area except genetic diversity. This research focuses on revealing the environmental importance of the biodiversity of the partial-nature-based wetland in Kirala...

Author(s):S. L. J. Fernando

The effects of biotic factors on the population ecology of Euphorbia clivicola, Limpopo Province, South Africa

Article in Press

The need to conduct a detailed ecological study on Euphorbia clivicola was sparked by the drastic decline in populations’ sizes of two populations (Percy Fyfe Nature Reserve and Radar Hill) coupled with the discovery of one new population in Ga-Dikgale village in Limpopo Province of South Africa. This latter population lacked scientific data necessary to effectively manage it. This study aimed to conduct a detailed...

Author(s):Seloba Chuene and Martin Potgieter

Land Use and Land Cover Dynamics in Ethiopia: Its Trend, Drivers and Effects on Forest Biodiversity

Article in Press

Land use and land cover changes are an all-time phenomena. Its dramatic increasing rate since the near past centuries imply a generational cost of sustainability. Thus, this article synthesizes different literatures and provides information that could be useful for understanding trends of land use and land cover change with its associated major drivers and effects on forest biodiversity in Ethiopia. Once, 40 percent of...

Author(s):Aden Abdurahaman Shibru, Tekalign Tafese Gebretsadik

Plant diversity and composition of homegarden and coffee agroforestry systems in Yayu Biosphere Reserve, Southwest Ethiopia

Article in Press

Homegarden and coffee agroforestry systems are widely practiced in southwestern Ethiopia. Despite the practice and importance of the systems, there are very limited studies in the area. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess plant diversity and composition of homegarden and coffee agroforestry systems in Yayu Biosphere Reserve. Forest inventory and household surveys were employed to collect data. Overall 101...

Author(s):Getinet Seid, Zerihun Kebebew and Simone Kathrin

Anubis baboon (Papio anubis) conflict with humans and the local community attitude towards the wildlife conservation in the Maze National Park

Article in Press

Human-wildlife interaction challenges are too much in Africa, particularly in East Africa. The challenges are even larger related to baboons. Anubis baboon (Papio anubis) conflict with humans and the local community attitude towards wildlife study was carried out in the Maze National Park, Ethiopia. It was investigated based on questionnaires, informant interview, focus group discussion and direct observation methods. The...

Author(s):Tamirat Gataro and Wondimagegnehu Tekalign

Assessment of factors influencing poaching and impacts on the conservation of Nyungwe National Park: a case study of Cyato –Rangiro landscape, Rwanda

Article in Press

Poaching continues to be reported by Nyungwe National Park (NNP) managers as a challenge to its conservation. This paper aimed to assess the factors influencing poaching and the impact on the conservation of NNP and to assess perceptions of local communities on the negative impact of poaching to the conservation of the protected area. Primary data collected using a checklist of questionnaire and secondary data was obtained...

Author(s):Dushimimana Jules Cesar and Nsabimama Donat

Impact of population pressure on Wabe vegetation in Abeshige district, Gurage zone, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Global overpopulation is at the root of virtually all other environmental problems. In view of this situation the main objective of this study was to investigate the impact of population pressure on Wabe vegetation in Abeshige district, Gurage zone, Ethiopia. Cross-sectional study design was followed. From the district, sub district Aewan, with in which part of Wabe vegetation located was selected purposefully to select...

Author(s):Mohammed Lengichow and Kassahun Degefa

Community Perception and Pangolins (Manis spp.) conservation in the Kimbi-Fungom National Park, North West Cameroon

Article in Press

This study was undertaken in 2017 with the aim to bring out community perception that can contribute to the conservation of pangolins in the Kimbi-Fungom National Park (K-FNP). A survey was used for data collection with questionnaires administered, semi-structured interviews and focused group discussions. Results showed that, 58% of respondents reported Smutsia gigantea as the most abundant pangolin species followed by...

Author(s):NGONG Kenneth KAIMO, TSI Evaristus ANGWAFO, MVO Denis CHUO and GHASARAH Gloria LUM


Article in Press

This study aimed to assess the vegetation structures and diversity in grazing land of the Abijata Shala Lake National Park in Ethiopia. The stratification of the site was done before sampling based on grazing intensity. Random sampling techniques were used for species composition, diversity and vegetation structure. Two grazing intensities, 12 sampling sites, and five plots per sample site were used that = 120 samples all...

Author(s):Meseret Tilahun, Adami Tulu, Tessema Zewdu, Abule Ebro

Anthropogenic Menace on Sacred Natural Sites: The Case of Me’e Bokko and Darartu shrine in Guji Oromo, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Biocultural diversities and sacred natural site in particular, have been threatened due to pervasive nature of anthropogenic impacts. The menacing factors that affect sacred natural sites are not similar across the globe in degree and level of influences. Hence, this article aims at exploring anthropogenic menace on Me'e Bokko and Dararatu sacred shrines among Guji Oromo, in Adoolaa Reeddee and Annaa Sorraa districts,...

Author(s):Gemeda Odo

Indigenous Belief Systems and Ancestral Sanctions (Seera) as a Tool for Enhancing Tree Biodiversity Conservation: Experience from Gedeo Community, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

The research was conducted in Gedeo zone, Southern Ethiopia. The main aim is to evaluate how indigenous knowledge practices and traditional beliefs have been used successfully to enhance tree biodiversity and environmental conservation. It further explores the environmentally friendly traditions of human-nature interactions. The research was a descriptive ecological study by using biodiversity inventory (tree count)...

Author(s):Yoseph Maru, Aster Gebrekirstos, and Getahun Haile

Farmers’ Indigenous Knowledge Based Enset (Ensete ventricosum) Diversity and Ethnobotanical survey in Yem Special District, Southwestern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Ensete ventricosum is a monocarpic perennial crop, in the genus Ensete. The ability of the crop to withstand drought conditions encourages farmers growing enset as a food security crop. Large numbers of enset clones are grown in a wide range of altitude where millions of people rely on it in Ethiopia. Studying enset clones wealth is vital for critical intervention on the clone’s diversity conservation The study was...

Author(s):Ambachew Zerfu Gebrewold

Conservation constraints and strategies of the Arba Minch forest. Nech sar National Park, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Ecosystem services are the base for survival of mankind and play a significant role in economic development, prosperity, health, etc. Forest ecosystems afford a variety of services that human beings depend on from them. Arba Minch Forest ecosystem is a crucial asset that maintains the continuity and survival of the Arba Minch town and its environs. Despite its tangible and worthy ecosystem services, it has been exposed to...



Article in Press

This study examined the contribution of protected forest areas as means of biodiversity conservation. This was achieved by assessing the status of the forests in terms of tree species diversity and volume yield for in-situ biodiversity conservation. Data were collected from four plots of one hectare each, randomly located in the strict nature reserve, forest reserve, and sacred grove. In each plot, all tree species (dbh...


The Role of Area Exclosures for Biodiversity Conservation and Its Contribution to Local Livelihood in Ethiopia

Article in Press

Frequent worsening of land resources have become a serious threat to both the ecological systems and economic development in Ethiopia. These problems attributed directly or indirectly to the rapid declining of forests in unsustainable use and management; to escape land degradation problem rehabilitation is best option and different studies shown in Tigray, Amhara (wello and shewa) and Oromia Region, exclosure is one of...

Author(s):Melese Bekele

Colonization patterns of benthic macroinvertebrates in fertilized and non-fertilized earthen fish ponds.

Article in Press

This study was conducted in Kwanza, Trans-Nzoia County to determine the colonization pattern of benthic macroinvertebrates in earthen fish ponds. This was done to ascertain the right stocking time of ponds when the natural fish food is in plenty. Two ponds were used for this study; one was treated with organic manure while the other was not fertilized. Sampling for physico-chemical parameters were then taken immediately...

Author(s):Patrick O. Orwa, Reuben Omondi, and Emily J. Chemoiwa

Forest zonation and their implication on tree species composition, diversity and structure in Mabira Forest, Uganda.

Article in Press

The study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of forest management zoning in conserving the biodiversity of Mabira forest reserve. The study sites buffer, production, and strict nature reserve management zones were purposively selected. This was undertaken through investigating woody species diversity, composition and structure. A total of 60 sampling plots with a size of 20 m x10 m were used to collect vegetation data....

Author(s):Elias Cherenet Weldemariam, Emmy Saviour Jakisa, Diana Atuha Ahebwe

An Integrated Approach for Identifying and prioritizing potential areas as ‘Conservation Reserves’ in Western Ghats, India

Article in Press

In this two phase study, first phase, the Deskwork (ERDAS Imagine, IRS-LISS4 data) identified six forest patches in the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve, southern Western Ghats. In the second phase research focused on all six patches involving inspections, measuring and recording as well as interactions with forest managers and members of the indigenous community. Second phase aggregated data pertaining to presentation as...

Author(s):Chrips NESAYYAN RACHALPUSHPAM, Vinod Thrikkovilpadickal Raghavakurup and Babu Ambat

Study of the behavior of cultivars from a world collection of olive (Olea europaea L.) in Morocco

Article in Press

In Marrakech (Morocco), a world collection of the genetic resources of the olive-tree was established. This collection currently contains 600 cultivars of various origins. However, work of characterization of these cultivars remains very limited. The objective of this study is to emphasize these genetic resources through their agronomic characterization. Certain agronomic characters were studied on some of the most...

Author(s):El Oualkadi A., Boulouha M. and Sikaoui L.

Floral biodiversity of St. John’s college campus, Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu, India

Article in Press

Biodiversity reflects variety and variability within and among living organisms, their associations and habitat-oriented ecological complexes. There is an urgent need for detailed survey of plants resources, both exotic and indigenous for the development of rural as well as urban economy of a region. In this context, the present study was carried out to record the floral resources of St.John’s college campus,...

Author(s):Darwin Paul Edison S, Amish Abragam D and Vijila S

Ave fauna diversity in Bonga biosphere reserve, Southwest Ethiopia

Article in Press

The study was carried out for two consecutive years (2013 to 2014) yielding a representative checklist on bird diversity at Decha, Chena, Dadiben, Boka of Bonga biosphere reserve and Gojeb wetland located in South Nation Nationalities and People region, Southwest Ethiopia. The point observation method was used to collect data on activity patterns, distribution and diversity of the various species of birds. Data were...

Author(s):Weldemariam Tesfahunegn, Tesfu Fekensa and Getachew Mulualem

Woody species diversity in Agroforestry Homegardens: The case of small holder farmers in Gimbo District of South West Ethiopia

Article in Press

Traditional agroforestry homegardens have been described as man-managed ecosystems with complex structure and multiple functions. Despite being an integral part of farming system in South West Ethiopia, this system is still poorly studied and understood. The study was conducted to assess the diversity and horizontal structure of woody species in homegardens at Gimbo district, South West Ethiopia. Two sites and two villages...

Author(s):Getahun Yakob, Zebene Asfaw and Solomon Zewdie

Assessment of ecological diversity in the wetlands of Ginda watershed, Gedeb Woreda, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Wetlands are the world’s most productive ecosystems which provide breeding for wider range of both flora and fauna. However, it is under great threat due a number of factors. A study was conducted to assess the existing flora and fauna species with the ecological integrity and human impact on wetlands of Ginda watershed. Identification and description of wetland floras and faunas repeated visual observation was done. As...


Comparative studies on hair morphology of Tiger (Panthera tigris) and leopard (Panthera pardus)

Article in Press

Hair is mammalian epidermal exoskeleton and having distinctive specialized anatomic structure consisting of cells and three concentric layers viz. cuticle, cortex and medulla. The main aim of this study was to compare gross and microscopic difference and similarity of hair of tiger and leopard. Four hair samples from four different body regions (neck, back, abdomen and tail) were collected from different four animals of...


An Ecological Study of gap filling species and the self replacement probability of gap former species in Gera mountain forest of Jima zone Oromia regional State Ethiopia

Article in Press

Canopy gap formation, a frequent small-scale disturbance in many forests, has been hypothesized to be an important event in the structuring of many forest communities. Canopy gaps increase environmental heterogeneity by altering abundances and distributions of abiotic and biotic resources. Resources that have been demonstrated to change after gap formation are light, soil moisture, nutrients, fruit availability, seed...

Author(s):Arayaselassie Abebe Semu

Woody species diversity of homegarden agroforestry and adjacent natural forest in Raya Alamata, Northern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Conservation of biodiversity is a major environmental challenge today. Homegarden agroforestry (HGAF) have large potential for biodiversity conservation. However, little attention has been paid to the relative importance of HGAF in terms of biodiversity conservation. Hence, this study was conducted to estimate and compare the woody species diversity and structure of HGAF, and adjacent natural forest (NF). Three sites were...

Author(s):Gebru Eyasu Siyum

A multivariate vegetation analysis of Mahasheer National Park, Azad Jammu and Kashmir

Article in Press

This study aims to estimate phytodiversity and its relation with environment, and soil of Mahasheer National Park, Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK). Field data was recorded from fifteen different sites of the study area. Quadrat method was used for the sampling of vegetation. Exact location of each site, altitude, exposure, as well as geographical coordinates was noted by using geographical positioning system (GPS). To analyze...

Author(s):Sajid Safeer, Rahmatullah Qureshi, Saeed Khalil, Ubaid ul Hassan and Sheikh Muhammad Farhan Anwar

Analysis of carbon stock variation in slope and slope aspect in Gedo Dry Evergreen Montane Forest, West Shewa Zone, Oromia Region

Article in Press

Tropical forests have the largest potential to mitigate climate change amongst the world’s forests through conservation of existing carbon pools and expansion of carbon sinks. Ethiopia is one of the tropical countries which have significant forest resources carbon stock and their associations with environmental variables have not been well studied. This study was completed with the aim of assessing carbon stock...

Author(s):Hamere Yohannes, Teshome Soromessa and Mekuria Argaw

Species diversity of butterfly fauna in and around Devkund Waterfall, Similipal Biosphere Reserve, North Odisha, India

Article in Press

Butterflies survey of an Eastern Ghat, near Similipal Biosphere Reserve, Devkund was carried out from November 2014 to March 2016 for species composition, relative abundance and species diversity of butterflies. Transect walk, point transect and direct observation methods were deployed for butterfly’s survey. Sampling sites were selected following the established transect on the edge around the waterfall, with an...

Author(s):Payra, A. and Sethy, J.

Review on pollination and dispersal in open vegetation

Article in Press

Plant reproductive success varies widely within and among natural populations and understanding the factors, which developed the variation, could enhance the pollination and dispersal process. The basic premise is that as individuals become increasingly isolated reproductive processes, such as pollination and seed dispersal, begin to function less efficiently leading to Allee effects whereby declining population density or...

Author(s):Mebrahtu Hishe Gidey

Analysis of level and extent of anthropogenic activities in and around protected areas (PAs): Case of Baturiya Wetlands, Jigawa State Nigeria

Article in Press

Wetlands are transitional points of habitats that are normally situated between a water body, vegetation cover and dry land. Human activities and climate change influence the net loss of natural features in global wetlands. However, in the earlier part of the 1990s, people began to understand the benefit of wetlands. The main objective of the work was to evaluate the level of anthropogenic activity in and around Baturiya...

Author(s):Hadiza Z. Hadejia, Jibrin Gambo, Binta Zakari, Yusuf A.Yusuf and Ibrahim L. Muhammad

Status survey of fresh water ganges dolphin (Platanista gangetica) in the Hamirpur and Ekdala stretches of Yamuna River, India

Article in Press

The present survey was carried out in 2 stretches of Yamuna River, India, with a total of 10 km down streams; 2 adults and 1 juvenile from Hamirpur and 6 adults and 3 juvenile from Ekdala River stretches were recorded after a long period. Various threats in the stretches, sand mining, fishing, ferries, cremations, water lifting for irrigation, agricultural cultivation on the river banks were also recorded during the...

Author(s):S. R. Taigor,

Avifauna species diversity of Leventis Farm and Leventis Conserved Woodland Edo State, Nigeria

Article in Press

The diversity and abundance of avian species in two study sites: Leventis Foundation Conserved woodland (LFCW), and Leventis Foundation Farmland (LFF) in the guinea agro-ecological zone in Edo state Nigeria was carried out between 2011 and 2013 covering dry and wet seasons. Two methods; Line Transect and Point Count Methods were randomly placed in the four study sites, were used to collect data on bird species diversity...

Author(s):Okosodo E. F., Ogunjemite B. G. and Agbelusi E. A.

Detection and estimation of the extent of lost and threaten crop species in Tigray, Ethiopia

Article in Press

In Ethiopia, it is generally accepted that significant amount of genetic erosion has occurred and is still occurring but there are no data on its amount and extent. Likewise, less is known about causes and degree of genetic erosion on local varieties of crop species. Therefore, quantifying the amount of genetic erosion was equally important for devising conservation measures. The present study was conducted to assess the...

Author(s):Abraha Reda and Mebrahtom Mesfin

Effects of bush encroachment on plant composition, diversity and carbon stock in Borana rangelands, Southern Ethiopia

Article in Press

Bush encroachment is reducing rangeland productivity in Borana rangelands. This study was conducted in Teltele Woreda of Borana zone, to evaluate the effects of bush encroachment on plant species composition, diversity and its contribution to carbon stock. Bush encroached, non-encroached and bush thinned rangeland types were selected for the study. Nested plots for collecting tree, shrub, herbaceous and soil data were...

Author(s):Siraj Kelil Gobelle and Abdella Gure Department of Agroforestry, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Yaballo Pastoral and Dryland Agriculture Research Center, P. O. Box , Yaballo, Ethiopia. Department of Forestry, Hawassa University, Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural resource, P. O. Box , Shashemene, Ethiopia.

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