International Journal of
Biodiversity and Conservation

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-243X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJBC
  • Start Year: 2009

IJBC Articles in press

Article in Press

The knowledge of local people on human-wildlife conflict and their attitudes towards problematic wildlife around Wof-Washa Forests, North Shewa Administrative Zone, Ethiopia

Human-wildlife conflict (HWC) around wildlife areas is a common phenomenon, but rarely studied in Ethiopia. The purpose of this study was to examine the knowledge of local people on HWC and their attitudes towards problematic wild animals around Wof-Washa Forests (WoWF), Ethiopia. The study utilized a structured questionnaire comprising closed-ended questions which were administered to a total of 162 respondents. The...

Author(s):Solomon Ayele Tadesse

Article in Press

Ethnoecological knowledge allied to the management of wild medicinal plants in Ada’a District, East Shewa Zone of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

This study assessed and documented ethnoecological knowledge of the indigenous people of Ada’a District that has important contribution in the conservation of wild medicinal plants. Both purposive and random sampling methods were used to collect appropriate data. Quantitative and qualitative ethnobotanical methods were used to analyze the ethnoecological data. A significance test on the indigenous knowledge variation of...

Author(s):Alemayehu Kefalew, Sara Sintayehu, Addisie Yalew

Article in Press

Human-Wildlife Conflict around Midre-Kebid Abo Monastry, Gurage Zone, Southwest Ethiopia

This human-wildlife conflict study was carried out around Midre-Kebid Abo Monastry. A descriptive survey design method was used and both qualitative and quantitative data were collected using questionnaires. Field experiment was carried out on two selected crops - maize and enset, to estimate crop damage by wild animals. Resource competition (46%), increased wildlife population (42.5%) and livestock populations (11.5%)...

Author(s):Amare Yilmato and Serekebirhan Takele

Article in Press

Impact of climatic variations on the distribution of the main plant species whose fruits are consumed by chimpanzees in the Taï National Park, Côte d’Ivoire

Global warming is now recognized as one of the major threats to the survival of species and the integrity of ecosystems worldwide. It modifies the geographical distributions of species, which in return affects the trends of climatic variations. This study was initiated to evaluate the impact of climatic variations on the distribution of the dominant plant species in the chimpanzee’s diet of Tai National Park. The...

Author(s):CONDE Aly, GONE BI ZORO Bertin, ADOU Yao Yves Constant

Article in Press

Diversity and relative abundance of birds in Loka Abaya National Park, Sidama Zone, southern Ethiopia

Understanding avian diversity and abundance is important for its conservation in a protected area. A study was conducted to investigate species diversity and relative abundance of birds in Loka Abaya National Park, Sidama Zone, southern Ethiopia, between August 2017and February 2018 during wet and dry seasons. Based on satellite image and preliminary survey, the study area was stratified into Riverine forest, Wooded...

Author(s):Ayalew Demeke, Sintayehu Tamene, Ermias Kifle and Girma Mengesha

Article in Press

Biodiversity of Anurans from Three Cocoa farms in Ondo State, Nigeria

The research investigated the biodiversity of amphibians from cocoa farms in Ondo state. A total of 38 anurans were collected from three Cocoa farms, by handpicking under leaf litters, inside gullies, along river banks flowing through the farms and on trees. In all cases collection was done between 20:00 hrs and 05:00 hrs. Collected specimens were transported in sealed but ventilated containers to the Laboratory where...

Author(s):M.O Oniya and A.L Adeyekun

Article in Press

Effects of some environmental factors on vegetation diversity and community types in wood lands of Afar Region, Northeast Ethiopia

This study assesses effects of environmental factors on: (1) the floristic composition and diversity of plant species, and (2) plant communities in selected Prosopis juliflora (Prosopis) invaded districts of the Southern Afar Region, Ethiopia. Four sites from two districts Afar Region were selected for vegetation survey. Then, 64 sample quadrats were placed in the wood lands using preferential sampling design. Quadrats of...

Author(s):Wakshum Shiferaw, Sebsebe Demissew, Tamrat Bekele, Ermias Aynekulu

Article in Press

Species Composition, Abundance, Distribution and Habitat Association of Small Mammals in Aba Asrat Monastery, East Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia

A study on species composition, distribution, relative abundance and habitat association of small mammals was made in Aba Asrat Monastery during August, 2011- January, 2012, encompassing both wet and dry seasons. Four habitat types such as natural forest, bushland, farmland and grassland were selected based on representative vegetation types in the study area. In each habitat type, one representative grid was selected for...

Author(s):Habtamu Getnetand Mundanthra Balakrishnan

Article in Press

The effects of indiscriminate agrochemical applications on honeybee colonies in Tigray Region, Northern Ethiopia

The effects of agrochemical applications on honeybee production was studied in Tigray regional state to assess the types of agrochemicals and their effects on honeybee colonies using a questionnaire survey and observation methods. From the 384 beekeepers interviewed, 52.3% of them are recognized as pesticides users. Moreover, there was significant variation in use of agrochemicals among beekeepers in the study districts (p

Author(s):Guesh Godifey Gebremicheal, Amssalu Bezabeh

Article in Press


The present investigation was conducted to develop a protocol for rapid and efficient in vitro clonal propagation of Cichorium intybus L. Efficient shoot regeneration of Cichorium intybus L. from embryogenic callus cultures has been obtained using thidiazuron (TDZ). In vitro nodes have been used as explant and cultured on MS medium supplemented with different phytohormonal concentrations and combinations. TDZ/IAA...

Author(s):Rehana Hamid and Lateef Ahmad Rather

Article in Press


This study was carried out in Lake Hawassa, Tikur wuha riverine habitat and Cheleleka wetland from August 2017 to February 2018. The study aims to investigate species composition, seasonal abundance and distribution of birds. Systematic random sampling techniques at an interval of 3km were used to select sampling blocks. T-test and one way ANOVA were applied for analysis of the effect of season on the composition and...

Author(s):Amare Gibru, Girma Mengesha

Article in Press

A review of Human Elephant Interactions in Tanzania, Are there proper mitigation measures?

The success of biodiversity conservation and human societies depends intimately on the living components of natural and managed systems. Conservation of wildlife, especially elephants, is challenging under the increasing human population changes in land use systems. Land use/ land cover change (LULCC) affects the provision of ecosystem services for humans and habitat for wildlife and increase competition between humans and...

Author(s):Naza E. Mmbaga

Article in Press

The effects of abiotic factors on population biology of Euphorbia clivicola, Limpopo Province, South Africa

The need to conduct a detailed biological and ecological study on Euphorbia clivicola was sparked by the drastic decline in population’ sizes of the populations of Percy Fyfe Nature Reserve and Radar Hill, coupled with the discovery of a new population at Ga-Dikgale village, Limpopo Province, South Africa. The newly discovered population lacked scientific data necessary to develop an adaptive management plan. The abiotic...

Author(s):Seloba Chuene and Martin Potgieter

Article in Press

Study of vegetation in the Kirala Kele partial-nature-based wetland of Southern Sri Lanka

Biological diversity helps in the formation and maintenance of hydrology, atmosphere and lithological factors of the environment as a unique unit. The analysis of biodiversity makes use of the vegetation species and ecosystem diversity of the Kirala Kele wetland area except genetic diversity. This research focuses on revealing the environmental importance of the biodiversity of the partial-nature-based wetland in Kirala...

Author(s):S. L. J. Fernando

Article in Press

The effects of biotic factors on the population ecology of Euphorbia clivicola, Limpopo Province, South Africa

The need to conduct a detailed ecological study on Euphorbia clivicola was sparked by the drastic decline in populations’ sizes of two populations (Percy Fyfe Nature Reserve and Radar Hill) coupled with the discovery of one new population in Ga-Dikgale village in Limpopo Province of South Africa. This latter population lacked scientific data necessary to effectively manage it. This study aimed to conduct a detailed...

Author(s):Seloba Chuene and Martin Potgieter

Article in Press

Floristic Composition, Vegetation Structure and Regeneration Status of Wabero forest, Oromia Regional State, Southeastern Ethiopia

Wabero forest is one of the very few remnant moist evergreen montane forests in southeast Ethiopia. However, basic data on vegetation structure and composition of the forest that could provide valuable information for possible conservation measures is lacking. The main objective of this study, therefore, was to investigate the woody species composition, vegetation structure and regeneration status of the forest. In the...

Author(s):Nigatu Dejene, Firew Kebede and Mulugeta Kebede

Article in Press

Land Use and Land Cover Dynamics in Ethiopia: Its Trend, Drivers and Effects on Forest Biodiversity

Land use and land cover changes are an all-time phenomena. Its dramatic increasing rate since the near past centuries imply a generational cost of sustainability. Thus, this article synthesizes different literatures and provides information that could be useful for understanding trends of land use and land cover change with its associated major drivers and effects on forest biodiversity in Ethiopia. Once, 40 percent of...

Author(s):Aden Abdurahaman Shibru, Tekalign Tafese Gebretsadik

Article in Press

Plant diversity and composition of homegarden and coffee agroforestry systems in Yayu Biosphere Reserve, Southwest Ethiopia

Homegarden and coffee agroforestry systems are widely practiced in southwestern Ethiopia. Despite the practice and importance of the systems, there are very limited studies in the area. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess plant diversity and composition of homegarden and coffee agroforestry systems in Yayu Biosphere Reserve. Forest inventory and household surveys were employed to collect data. Overall 101...

Author(s):Getinet Seid, Zerihun Kebebew and Simone Kathrin

Article in Press

Anubis baboon (Papio anubis) conflict with humans and the local community attitude towards the wildlife conservation in the Maze National Park

Human-wildlife interaction challenges are too much in Africa, particularly in East Africa. The challenges are even larger related to baboons. Anubis baboon (Papio anubis) conflict with humans and the local community attitude towards wildlife study was carried out in the Maze National Park, Ethiopia. It was investigated based on questionnaires, informant interview, focus group discussion and direct observation methods. The...

Author(s):Tamirat Gataro and Wondimagegnehu Tekalign

Article in Press

Assessment of factors influencing poaching and impacts on the conservation of Nyungwe National Park: a case study of Cyato –Rangiro landscape, Rwanda

Poaching continues to be reported by Nyungwe National Park (NNP) managers as a challenge to its conservation. This paper aimed to assess the factors influencing poaching and the impact on the conservation of NNP and to assess perceptions of local communities on the negative impact of poaching to the conservation of the protected area. Primary data collected using a checklist of questionnaire and secondary data was obtained...

Author(s):Dushimimana Jules Cesar and Nsabimama Donat

Article in Press

Structure and regeneration of Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) R. Br Ex G Don in Mount Mandara, Cameroon

A study was carried out in the Mount Mandara area to assess the populations and renewal status of Parkia biglobosa, a multi-purpose species. The study was aimed at contributing to the sustainable management of this resource. Transect methods were used to count individuals of P. biglobosa in fields. Results showed that the density of P. biglobosa was 7 individuals ha-1. The basal area of P. biglobosa individuals varied as...

Author(s):Froumsia Moksia, Takoua, Hamawa Yougouda, Souare Konsala, Todou gilbert, Baye-Niwah Claudette

Article in Press

Impact of population pressure on Wabe vegetation in Abeshige district, Gurage zone, Southern Ethiopia

Global overpopulation is at the root of virtually all other environmental problems. In view of this situation the main objective of this study was to investigate the impact of population pressure on Wabe vegetation in Abeshige district, Gurage zone, Ethiopia. Cross-sectional study design was followed. From the district, sub district Aewan, with in which part of Wabe vegetation located was selected purposefully to select...

Author(s):Mohammed Lengichow and Kassahun Degefa

Article in Press

Community Perception and Pangolins (Manis spp.) conservation in the Kimbi-Fungom National Park, North West Cameroon

This study was undertaken in 2017 with the aim to bring out community perception that can contribute to the conservation of pangolins in the Kimbi-Fungom National Park (K-FNP). A survey was used for data collection with questionnaires administered, semi-structured interviews and focused group discussions. Results showed that, 58% of respondents reported Smutsia gigantea as the most abundant pangolin species followed by...

Author(s):NGONG Kenneth KAIMO, TSI Evaristus ANGWAFO, MVO Denis CHUO and GHASARAH Gloria LUM

Article in Press


This study aimed to assess the vegetation structures and diversity in grazing land of the Abijata Shala Lake National Park in Ethiopia. The stratification of the site was done before sampling based on grazing intensity. Random sampling techniques were used for species composition, diversity and vegetation structure. Two grazing intensities, 12 sampling sites, and five plots per sample site were used that = 120 samples all...

Author(s):Meseret Tilahun, Adami Tulu, Tessema Zewdu, Abule Ebro

Article in Press

Analysis of Socio-Economic Contribution of Agroforestry Systems to Smallholder Farmers around Jimma town, southwestern Ethiopia

Abstract Integration of trees into land use practices is an old-aged experience of smallholder farmers in Southwest Ethiopia. The contribution of this practice is much undermined. The objective of this study was to assess socio-economic contributions of agroforestry system to smallholder farmers around Jimma town, Southwest Ethiopia. A total of 199 households were proportionally sampled from the three selected sites...

Author(s):Endale Bekele Jiru, Zerihun Kebebew and Ermias Melaku

Article in Press


The aim of this study was to find out variability, heritability, and genetic advance and trait associations for some yield and yield related traits in Ethiopian two-rowed barley. Forty-nine, two-rowed barley landraces were tested in 7 x 7 simple lattice designs with two replications during the 2017 cropping season at the Mata research sub site of Haro Sabu Agricultural Research Center (HSARC). A variance component analysis...

Author(s):Geleta Negash, Dagnachew Lule and Zerihun Jaleta

Article in Press

Anthropogenic Menace on Sacred Natural Sites: The Case of Me’e Bokko and Darartu shrine in Guji Oromo, Southern Ethiopia

Biocultural diversities and sacred natural site in particular, have been threatened due to pervasive nature of anthropogenic impacts. The menacing factors that affect sacred natural sites are not similar across the globe in degree and level of influences. Hence, this article aims at exploring anthropogenic menace on Me'e Bokko and Dararatu sacred shrines among Guji Oromo, in Adoolaa Reeddee and Annaa Sorraa districts,...

Author(s):Gemeda Odo

Article in Press

Indigenous Belief Systems and Ancestral Sanctions (Seera) as a Tool for Enhancing Tree Biodiversity Conservation: Experience from Gedeo Community, Southern Ethiopia

The research was conducted in Gedeo zone, Southern Ethiopia. The main aim is to evaluate how indigenous knowledge practices and traditional beliefs have been used successfully to enhance tree biodiversity and environmental conservation. It further explores the environmentally friendly traditions of human-nature interactions. The research was a descriptive ecological study by using biodiversity inventory (tree count)...

Author(s):Yoseph Maru, Aster Gebrekirstos, and Getahun Haile

Article in Press

Farmers’ Indigenous Knowledge Based Enset (Ensete ventricosum) Diversity and Ethnobotanical survey in Yem Special District, Southwestern Ethiopia

Ensete ventricosum is a monocarpic perennial crop, in the genus Ensete. The ability of the crop to withstand drought conditions encourages farmers growing enset as a food security crop. Large numbers of enset clones are grown in a wide range of altitude where millions of people rely on it in Ethiopia. Studying enset clones wealth is vital for critical intervention on the clone’s diversity conservation The study was...

Author(s):Ambachew Zerfu Gebrewold

Article in Press

Conservation constraints and strategies of the Arba Minch forest. Nech sar National Park, Southern Ethiopia

Ecosystem services are the base for survival of mankind and play a significant role in economic development, prosperity, health, etc. Forest ecosystems afford a variety of services that human beings depend on from them. Arba Minch Forest ecosystem is a crucial asset that maintains the continuity and survival of the Arba Minch town and its environs. Despite its tangible and worthy ecosystem services, it has been exposed to...


Article in Press

Climate variability, biodiversity dynamics and perceptions of local populations in Waza National Park (Far North Region, Cameroon)

Climate variability is one of the major ecological challenges of the 21st century in Waza Logone Plain in the Far North region of Cameroon. The physical environment in this area has almost completly deteriorated as a result of declining rainfall and rising temperatures. A study was carried out to understand the dynamics of biodiversity in terms of climate variability in the Waza National Park. This study was based on both...

Author(s):Souare Konsala, Megaï Mahamat Hamaye, Hamawa Yougouda, Rousgou Gnowe Romain, Djibrilla Mana & Tchobsala

Article in Press

Analysis of Forest Cover Change in Yabello Forest, Borana Zone, Ethiopia

Analyzing trends of land use and the change over time is an effective way for assessing the impact on ecosystem function. A study was conducted to detect forest cover change of Yabello forest between 1986 and 2016. The Land use maps of 1986, 1996, 2006 and 2016 were derived from satellite images. The spatial pattern analysis indicated that the Yabello LULC is at dynamic state and forests had undergone substantial changes...

Author(s):Sisay Taye, Debela Hunde and Gudina Legesse

Article in Press


This study examined the contribution of protected forest areas as means of biodiversity conservation. This was achieved by assessing the status of the forests in terms of tree species diversity and volume yield for in-situ biodiversity conservation. Data were collected from four plots of one hectare each, randomly located in the strict nature reserve, forest reserve, and sacred grove. In each plot, all tree species (dbh ≥...


Article in Press

The Role of Area Exclosures for Biodiversity Conservation and Its Contribution to Local Livelihood in Ethiopia

Frequent worsening of land resources have become a serious threat to both the ecological systems and economic development in Ethiopia. These problems attributed directly or indirectly to the rapid declining of forests in unsustainable use and management; to escape land degradation problem rehabilitation is best option and different studies shown in Tigray, Amhara (wello and shewa) and Oromia Region, exclosure is one of...

Author(s):Melese Bekele

Article in Press

Colonization patterns of benthic macroinvertebrates in fertilized and non-fertilized earthen fish ponds.

This study was conducted in Kwanza, Trans-Nzoia County to determine the colonization pattern of benthic macroinvertebrates in earthen fish ponds. This was done to ascertain the right stocking time of ponds when the natural fish food is in plenty. Two ponds were used for this study; one was treated with organic manure while the other was not fertilized. Sampling for physico-chemical parameters were then taken immediately...

Author(s):Patrick O. Orwa, Reuben Omondi, and Emily J. Chemoiwa

Article in Press

Forest zonation and their implication on tree species composition, diversity and structure in Mabira Forest, Uganda.

The study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of forest management zoning in conserving the biodiversity of Mabira forest reserve. The study sites buffer, production, and strict nature reserve management zones were purposively selected. This was undertaken through investigating woody species diversity, composition and structure. A total of 60 sampling plots with a size of 20 m x10 m were used to collect vegetation data....

Author(s):Elias Cherenet Weldemariam, Emmy Saviour Jakisa, Diana Atuha Ahebwe

Article in Press

An Integrated Approach for Identifying and prioritizing potential areas as ‘Conservation Reserves’ in Western Ghats, India

In this two phase study, first phase, the Deskwork (ERDAS Imagine, IRS-LISS4 data) identified six forest patches in the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve, southern Western Ghats. In the second phase research focused on all six patches involving inspections, measuring and recording as well as interactions with forest managers and members of the indigenous community. Second phase aggregated data pertaining to presentation as...

Author(s):Chrips NESAYYAN RACHALPUSHPAM, Vinod Thrikkovilpadickal Raghavakurup and Babu Ambat

Article in Press

Study of the behavior of cultivars from a world collection of olive (Olea europaea L.) in Morocco

In Marrakech (Morocco), a world collection of the genetic resources of the olive-tree was established. This collection currently contains 600 cultivars of various origins. However, work of characterization of these cultivars remains very limited. The objective of this study is to emphasize these genetic resources through their agronomic characterization. Certain agronomic characters were studied on some of the most...

Author(s):El Oualkadi A., Boulouha M. and Sikaoui L.

Article in Press

Floral biodiversity of St. John’s college campus, Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu, India

Biodiversity reflects variety and variability within and among living organisms, their associations and habitat-oriented ecological complexes. There is an urgent need for detailed survey of plants resources, both exotic and indigenous for the development of rural as well as urban economy of a region. In this context, the present study was carried out to record the floral resources of St.John’s college campus,...

Author(s):Darwin Paul Edison S, Amish Abragam D and Vijila S

Article in Press

Ave fauna diversity in Bonga biosphere reserve, Southwest Ethiopia

The study was carried out for two consecutive years (2013 to 2014) yielding a representative checklist on bird diversity at Decha, Chena, Dadiben, Boka of Bonga biosphere reserve and Gojeb wetland located in South Nation Nationalities and People region, Southwest Ethiopia. The point observation method was used to collect data on activity patterns, distribution and diversity of the various species of birds. Data were...

Author(s):Weldemariam Tesfahunegn, Tesfu Fekensa and Getachew Mulualem

Article in Press

Woody species diversity in Agroforestry Homegardens: The case of small holder farmers in Gimbo District of South West Ethiopia

Traditional agroforestry homegardens have been described as man-managed ecosystems with complex structure and multiple functions. Despite being an integral part of farming system in South West Ethiopia, this system is still poorly studied and understood. The study was conducted to assess the diversity and horizontal structure of woody species in homegardens at Gimbo district, South West Ethiopia. Two sites and two villages...

Author(s):Getahun Yakob, Zebene Asfaw and Solomon Zewdie

Article in Press

Assessment of ecological diversity in the wetlands of Ginda watershed, Gedeb Woreda, Southern Ethiopia

Wetlands are the world’s most productive ecosystems which provide breeding for wider range of both flora and fauna. However, it is under great threat due a number of factors. A study was conducted to assess the existing flora and fauna species with the ecological integrity and human impact on wetlands of Ginda watershed. Identification and description of wetland floras and faunas repeated visual observation was done. As a...


Article in Press

Comparative studies on hair morphology of Tiger (Panthera tigris) and leopard (Panthera pardus)

Hair is mammalian epidermal exoskeleton and having distinctive specialized anatomic structure consisting of cells and three concentric layers viz. cuticle, cortex and medulla. The main aim of this study was to compare gross and microscopic difference and similarity of hair of tiger and leopard. Four hair samples from four different body regions (neck, back, abdomen and tail) were collected from different four animals of...


Article in Press

An Ecological Study of gap filling species and the self replacement probability of gap former species in Gera mountain forest of Jima zone Oromia regional State Ethiopia

Canopy gap formation, a frequent small-scale disturbance in many forests, has been hypothesized to be an important event in the structuring of many forest communities. Canopy gaps increase environmental heterogeneity by altering abundances and distributions of abiotic and biotic resources. Resources that have been demonstrated to change after gap formation are light, soil moisture, nutrients, fruit availability, seed...

Author(s):Arayaselassie Abebe Semu

Article in Press

Woody species diversity of homegarden agroforestry and adjacent natural forest in Raya Alamata, Northern Ethiopia

Conservation of biodiversity is a major environmental challenge today. Homegarden agroforestry (HGAF) have large potential for biodiversity conservation. However, little attention has been paid to the relative importance of HGAF in terms of biodiversity conservation. Hence, this study was conducted to estimate and compare the woody species diversity and structure of HGAF, and adjacent natural forest (NF). Three sites were...

Author(s):Gebru Eyasu Siyum

Article in Press

Assessment of ecotourism resources in Prof. T. A. Afolayan Wildlife Park, FUTA, Akure, Nigeria

Ecotourism resources are natural and cultural features that attract visitors, such resources include landscapes, endemic and rare flora and fauna, cultural festivals, and historic monuments. The major objective of this study was to assess the ecotourism resources in Prof. T. A. Afolayan Wildlife Park, FUTA, Akure, Nigeria for sustainable utilization which will improve conservation and management strategy of the park. Data...

Author(s):Adekola O. E. and Meduna A. J.

Article in Press

A multivariate vegetation analysis of Mahasheer National Park, Azad Jammu and Kashmir

This study aims to estimate phytodiversity and its relation with environment, and soil of Mahasheer National Park, Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK). Field data was recorded from fifteen different sites of the study area. Quadrat method was used for the sampling of vegetation. Exact location of each site, altitude, exposure, as well as geographical coordinates was noted by using geographical positioning system (GPS). To analyze...

Author(s):Sajid Safeer, Rahmatullah Qureshi, Saeed Khalil, Ubaid ul Hassan and Sheikh Muhammad Farhan Anwar

Article in Press

Analysis of carbon stock variation in slope and slope aspect in Gedo Dry Evergreen Montane Forest, West Shewa Zone, Oromia Region

Tropical forests have the largest potential to mitigate climate change amongst the world’s forests through conservation of existing carbon pools and expansion of carbon sinks. Ethiopia is one of the tropical countries which have significant forest resources carbon stock and their associations with environmental variables have not been well studied. This study was completed with the aim of assessing carbon stock...

Author(s):Hamere Yohannes, Teshome Soromessa and Mekuria Argaw

Article in Press

Species diversity of butterfly fauna in and around Devkund Waterfall, Similipal Biosphere Reserve, North Odisha, India

Butterflies survey of an Eastern Ghat, near Similipal Biosphere Reserve, Devkund was carried out from November 2014 to March 2016 for species composition, relative abundance and species diversity of butterflies. Transect walk, point transect and direct observation methods were deployed for butterfly’s survey. Sampling sites were selected following the established transect on the edge around the waterfall, with an interval...

Author(s):Payra, A. and Sethy, J.

Article in Press

Review on pollination and dispersal in open vegetation

Plant reproductive success varies widely within and among natural populations and understanding the factors, which developed the variation, could enhance the pollination and dispersal process. The basic premise is that as individuals become increasingly isolated reproductive processes, such as pollination and seed dispersal, begin to function less efficiently leading to Allee effects whereby declining population density or...

Author(s):Mebrahtu Hishe Gidey

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