International Journal of
Biodiversity and Conservation

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-243X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJBC
  • Start Year: 2009

IJBC Articles in press

Article in Press

The Dynamics of Medicinal Plants Utilization Practice Nexus its Health and Economic role in Ethiopia: A Review Paper

Medicinal plants play important roles in human and animals disease treatment. 1000 medicinal plant species are identified and reported in the Ethiopian Flora. They have also contributed its own and more preferable for new drug development. Ethiopia has the potential to become an important source country, given the diversity of plants and the rich traditional knowledge regarding their use. The main sources of medicinal...

Author(s):Yebirzaf Yeshiwas, Esubalew Tadele and Workinesh Tiruneh

Article in Press

Climate variability, biodiversity dynamics and perceptions of local populations in Waza National Park (Far North Region, Cameroon)

Climate variability is one of the major ecological challenges of the 21st century in Waza Logone Plain in the Far North region of Cameroon. The physical environment in this area has almost completly deteriorated as a result of declining rainfall and rising temperatures. A study was carried out to understand the dynamics of biodiversity in terms of climate variability in the Waza National Park. This study was based on both...

Author(s):Souare Konsala, Megaï Mahamat Hamaye, Hamawa Yougouda, Rousgou Gnowe Romain, Djibrilla Mana & Tchobsala

Article in Press

CONSERVATION STATUS ASSESSMENT OF NATIVE VASCULAR FLORA OF KALAM VALLEY, DISTRICT SWAT, NORTHERN PAKISTAN

During the present study, conservation status of important vascular flora found in Kalam valley was assessed. Kalam valley represents the extreme northern part of District Swat in KPK province of Pakistan. The valley contains some of the precious medicinal plants. The total 245 plant species which were assessed for conservation studies, revealed that 10.20% (25 spp.) were found to be endangered 28.16% (69 spp.) appeared to...

Author(s):Bakht Nawab, Jan Alam, Haider Ali, Manzoor Ahmad, Mujtaba Shah, Siraj Ahmad, Abbas Hussain Shah and Azhar Mehmood

Article in Press

Assessment of Woody Species in Agroforestry Systems around Jimma Town, Southwestern Ethiopia

Woody species are the major components of traditional agroforestry systems. These species vary across the different types of agroforestry practices in different parts of Ethiopia. This study was conducted to assess woody species across land uses in three different sites around Jimma town, Southwest Ethiopia. A total of 100 plots were laid out on six transect lines with sample plot size of 25m x 25m for 20 plots of...

Author(s):Buchura Negesse Wari, Debela Hunde and Zerihun Kebebew

Article in Press

Analysis of Forest Cover Change in Yabello Forest, Borana Zone, Ethiopia

Analyzing trends of land use and the change over time is an effective way for assessing the impact on ecosystem function. A study was conducted to detect forest cover change of Yabello forest between 1986 and 2016. The Land use maps of 1986, 1996, 2006 and 2016 were derived from satellite images. The spatial pattern analysis indicated that the Yabello LULC is at dynamic state and forests had undergone substantial changes...

Author(s):Sisay Taye, Debela Hunde and Gudina Legesse

Article in Press

Effects of Dactylopius tomentosus infestation on the morphology of Opuntia fiscus-indica plant species growing in Masvingo Province, Zimbabwe

Many studies have described the parasitic relationship between Opuntia ficus-indica plants and Dactylopius tomentosus insects with respect to the use of these insects as a biological control method to curtail the rampant growth these invasive plants. This has been done with little concern on the morphological effects the insects pose on the host plant. The aim of this study was to assess the level of morphological damage...

Author(s):Emmanuel Dongi, Munamato Mabhegedhe and David Chikodzi

Article in Press

Floristic Composition and vegetation structure of Gatira George’s forest, Habru Woreda. North Eastern, Ethiopia

The study was conducted on Gatira George’s forest in, North Eastern Ethiopia to determine the floristic composition & vegetation structure. Systematic samplings of 9 (20 m × 20 m) plots were sampled along three line transects. In each main plots, nested plot (5 m x 5 m) and 2m×2m distributed were laid down to sample trees ,shrubs and their seedlings and saplings. All plots were laid at a distance of 50 m along the...

Author(s):Andualem Ayalew

Article in Press

Determinants of revegetation on landslide scars in an agro-based socio-ecological system in Bududa, Uganda

Landslides cause displacement or loss of plant cover, soil and other materials on slopes. Exposure of soil accelerates erosion processes thus contributing to stream sedimentation. Though playing a crucial role in stabilising scars there is limited understanding of the plant species colonisation process. This study aimed at examining the determinants and status of plant revegetation on a recent landslide scar in Bududa on...

Author(s):Nakileza B.R. and Tushabe H.

Article in Press

Ecology of Soil Seed Banks: Implications for Conservation and Restoration of Natural Vegetation” A Review Paper

Seed bank (henceforth referred to as SB) refers to viable seed which is present on or in soil and associated with litter/humus. Under different land use/land cover systems and climatic regions, density of seeds in the soil is variable both in space and time. SB density decreases with increasing depth and age of seeds in the soil. Smaller seeds are more easily incorporated, moved to deeper soil layers and persist longer in...

Author(s):Wakshum Shiferaw,Sebsebe Demissew,Tamrat Bekele

Article in Press

Resource partitioning among sympatric species of primates at Kakum Conservation Area, Ghana

We tried to find out how four sympatric species of primates in Kakum Conservation Area (KCA) coexisted after logging shrunk their feeding resources. We used the multivariate discriminant function analysis to determine whether the species could be discriminated by the number of times they selected feeding sites and food types. Our results showed that Cercopithecus mona (Mona monkey) and Cercopithecus petaurista (lesser...

Author(s):Kwaku Brako Dakwa, Kweku Ansah Monney, Enoch Amasa Ashie

Article in Press

TREE SPECIES DIVERSITY AND VOLUME YIELD OF PROTECTED AREAS IN RAINFOREST ECOSYSTEM OF SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA

This study examined the contribution of protected forest areas as means of biodiversity conservation. This was achieved by assessing the status of the forests in terms of tree species diversity and volume yield for in-situ biodiversity conservation. Data were collected from four plots of one hectare each, randomly located in the strict nature reserve, forest reserve, and sacred grove. In each plot, all tree species (dbh ≥...

Author(s):ALADESANMI DANIEL AGBELADE BABATUNDE HOPE OJO

Article in Press

The Role of Area Exclosures for Biodiversity Conservation and Its Contribution to Local Livelihood in Ethiopia

Frequent worsening of land resources have become a serious threat to both the ecological systems and economic development in Ethiopia. These problems attributed directly or indirectly to the rapid declining of forests in unsustainable use and management; to escape land degradation problem rehabilitation is best option and different studies shown in Tigray, Amhara (wello and shewa) and Oromia Region, exclosure is one of...

Author(s):Melese Bekele

Article in Press

Colonization patterns of benthic macroinvertebrates in fertilized and non-fertilized earthen fish ponds.

This study was conducted in Kwanza, Trans-Nzoia County to determine the colonization pattern of benthic macroinvertebrates in earthen fish ponds. This was done to ascertain the right stocking time of ponds when the natural fish food is in plenty. Two ponds were used for this study; one was treated with organic manure while the other was not fertilized. Sampling for physico-chemical parameters were then taken immediately...

Author(s):Patrick O. Orwa, Reuben Omondi, and Emily J. Chemoiwa

Article in Press

Comparative Study of Rodents and Insectivores in Natural and Coffee Forest Habitats of Afalo Area, Gera District, Southwestern Ethiopia

A comparative study of the diversity, distribution and abundance of small mammals (rodents and insectivores) in natural and coffee forest habitats of Afalo area of Gera district was conducted from August, 2014 to March, 2015. Two sites, one with coffee forest and the other natural forest, were selected for the study. Grids were established and randomly selected in each of the habitats, and representative sample sites were...

Author(s):Demelash Sime, Tadesse Habtamu & Tsegaye Gadisa

Article in Press

Butterfly species composition and diversity in a protected area of Karnataka, India

Field investigations were made to record the diversity of butterflies at six forest ranges in Nagarahole National Park (NNP), Karnataka during 2014-2015. Altogether, 138 butterfly species were recorded from 94 genera, which belong to five families such as Hesperiidae, Lycaenidae, Nymphalidae, Papilionidae, Pieridae. Species composition varied significantly (F = 93.85; P < 0.05) among forest ranges in NNP; 113 butterfly...

Author(s):Basavarajappa, S., Gopi Krishna, V. and S. Santhosh

Article in Press

THE CHARACTERISTICS OF MACROPHYTES IN THE LUBIGI WETLAND IN UGANDA

The Lubigi wetland, which is located in the north-western part of Kampala, the capital city of Uganda has been severely strained from anthropogenic encroachment and activities. These activities include harvesting of Cyperus papyrus and other plants, land filling for reclamation, human settlements and disposal of wastewater into the wetland among others. As a result of these anthropogenic activities, the macrophytes...

Author(s):John K. Kayima and Aloyce W. Mayo

Article in Press

Socioeconomic Implication of Protecting natural vegetation: The Case of Gra-Kahsu protecting natural vegetation In Southern Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

Communities in southern Tigray have established protecting natural vegetation on formerly degraded grazing lands to promote natural regeneration of plants. Even though same scholars in Tigray have developed their research of environmental management that enjoy great acceptability, the socioeconomic implication of environmental protection has been generally low. Hence, a study on understanding the socioeconomic implication...

Author(s):Tesfay Atsbha

Article in Press

Forest zonation and their implication on tree species composition, diversity and structure in Mabira Forest, Uganda.

The study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of forest management zoning in conserving the biodiversity of Mabira forest reserve. The study sites buffer, production, and strict nature reserve management zones were purposively selected. This was undertaken through investigating woody species diversity, composition and structure. A total of 60 sampling plots with a size of 20 m x10 m were used to collect vegetation data....

Author(s):Elias Cherenet Weldemariam, Emmy Saviour Jakisa, Diana Atuha Ahebwe

Article in Press

An Integrated Approach for Identifying and prioritizing potential areas as ‘Conservation Reserves’ in Western Ghats, India

In this two phase study, first phase, the Deskwork (ERDAS Imagine, IRS-LISS4 data) identified six forest patches in the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve, southern Western Ghats. In the second phase research focused on all six patches involving inspections, measuring and recording as well as interactions with forest managers and members of the indigenous community. Second phase aggregated data pertaining to presentation as...

Author(s):Chrips NESAYYAN RACHALPUSHPAM, Vinod Thrikkovilpadickal Raghavakurup and Babu Ambat

Article in Press

Study of the behavior of cultivars from a world collection of olive (Olea europaea L.) in Morocco

In Marrakech (Morocco), a world collection of the genetic resources of the olive-tree was established. This collection currently contains 600 cultivars of various origins. However, work of characterization of these cultivars remains very limited. The objective of this study is to emphasize these genetic resources through their agronomic characterization. Certain agronomic characters were studied on some of the most...

Author(s):El Oualkadi A., Boulouha M. and Sikaoui L.

Article in Press

Floral biodiversity of St. John’s college campus, Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu, India

Biodiversity reflects variety and variability within and among living organisms, their associations and habitat-oriented ecological complexes. There is an urgent need for detailed survey of plants resources, both exotic and indigenous for the development of rural as well as urban economy of a region. In this context, the present study was carried out to record the floral resources of St.John’s college campus,...

Author(s):Darwin Paul Edison S, Amish Abragam D and Vijila S

Article in Press

Ave fauna diversity in Bonga biosphere reserve, Southwest Ethiopia

The study was carried out for two consecutive years (2013 to 2014) yielding a representative checklist on bird diversity at Decha, Chena, Dadiben, Boka of Bonga biosphere reserve and Gojeb wetland located in South Nation Nationalities and People region, Southwest Ethiopia. The point observation method was used to collect data on activity patterns, distribution and diversity of the various species of birds. Data were...

Author(s):Weldemariam Tesfahunegn, Tesfu Fekensa and Getachew Mulualem

Article in Press

Woody species diversity in Agroforestry Homegardens: The case of small holder farmers in Gimbo District of South West Ethiopia

Traditional agroforestry homegardens have been described as man-managed ecosystems with complex structure and multiple functions. Despite being an integral part of farming system in South West Ethiopia, this system is still poorly studied and understood. The study was conducted to assess the diversity and horizontal structure of woody species in homegardens at Gimbo district, South West Ethiopia. Two sites and two villages...

Author(s):Getahun Yakob, Zebene Asfaw and Solomon Zewdie

Article in Press

Assessment of ecological diversity in the wetlands of Ginda watershed, Gedeb Woreda, Southern Ethiopia

Wetlands are the world’s most productive ecosystems which provide breeding for wider range of both flora and fauna. However, it is under great threat due a number of factors. A study was conducted to assess the existing flora and fauna species with the ecological integrity and human impact on wetlands of Ginda watershed. Identification and description of wetland floras and faunas repeated visual observation was done. As a...

Author(s):

Article in Press

Comparative studies on hair morphology of Tiger (Panthera tigris) and leopard (Panthera pardus)

Hair is mammalian epidermal exoskeleton and having distinctive specialized anatomic structure consisting of cells and three concentric layers viz. cuticle, cortex and medulla. The main aim of this study was to compare gross and microscopic difference and similarity of hair of tiger and leopard. Four hair samples from four different body regions (neck, back, abdomen and tail) were collected from different four animals of...

Author(s):

Article in Press

An Ecological Study of gap filling species and the self replacement probability of gap former species in Gera mountain forest of Jima zone Oromia regional State Ethiopia

Canopy gap formation, a frequent small-scale disturbance in many forests, has been hypothesized to be an important event in the structuring of many forest communities. Canopy gaps increase environmental heterogeneity by altering abundances and distributions of abiotic and biotic resources. Resources that have been demonstrated to change after gap formation are light, soil moisture, nutrients, fruit availability, seed...

Author(s):Arayaselassie Abebe Semu

Article in Press

Woody species diversity of homegarden agroforestry and adjacent natural forest in Raya Alamata, Northern Ethiopia

Conservation of biodiversity is a major environmental challenge today. Homegarden agroforestry (HGAF) have large potential for biodiversity conservation. However, little attention has been paid to the relative importance of HGAF in terms of biodiversity conservation. Hence, this study was conducted to estimate and compare the woody species diversity and structure of HGAF, and adjacent natural forest (NF). Three sites were...

Author(s):Gebru Eyasu Siyum

Article in Press

Assessment of ecotourism resources in Prof. T. A. Afolayan Wildlife Park, FUTA, Akure, Nigeria

Ecotourism resources are natural and cultural features that attract visitors, such resources include landscapes, endemic and rare flora and fauna, cultural festivals, and historic monuments. The major objective of this study was to assess the ecotourism resources in Prof. T. A. Afolayan Wildlife Park, FUTA, Akure, Nigeria for sustainable utilization which will improve conservation and management strategy of the park. Data...

Author(s):Adekola O. E. and Meduna A. J.

Article in Press

A multivariate vegetation analysis of Mahasheer National Park, Azad Jammu and Kashmir

This study aims to estimate phytodiversity and its relation with environment, and soil of Mahasheer National Park, Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK). Field data was recorded from fifteen different sites of the study area. Quadrat method was used for the sampling of vegetation. Exact location of each site, altitude, exposure, as well as geographical coordinates was noted by using geographical positioning system (GPS). To analyze...

Author(s):Sajid Safeer, Rahmatullah Qureshi, Saeed Khalil, Ubaid ul Hassan and Sheikh Muhammad Farhan Anwar

Article in Press

Analysis of carbon stock variation in slope and slope aspect in Gedo Dry Evergreen Montane Forest, West Shewa Zone, Oromia Region

Tropical forests have the largest potential to mitigate climate change amongst the world’s forests through conservation of existing carbon pools and expansion of carbon sinks. Ethiopia is one of the tropical countries which have significant forest resources carbon stock and their associations with environmental variables have not been well studied. This study was completed with the aim of assessing carbon stock...

Author(s):Hamere Yohannes, Teshome Soromessa and Mekuria Argaw

Article in Press

Species diversity of butterfly fauna in and around Devkund Waterfall, Similipal Biosphere Reserve, North Odisha, India

Butterflies survey of an Eastern Ghat, near Similipal Biosphere Reserve, Devkund was carried out from November 2014 to March 2016 for species composition, relative abundance and species diversity of butterflies. Transect walk, point transect and direct observation methods were deployed for butterfly’s survey. Sampling sites were selected following the established transect on the edge around the waterfall, with an interval...

Author(s):Payra, A. and Sethy, J.

Article in Press

Review on pollination and dispersal in open vegetation

Plant reproductive success varies widely within and among natural populations and understanding the factors, which developed the variation, could enhance the pollination and dispersal process. The basic premise is that as individuals become increasingly isolated reproductive processes, such as pollination and seed dispersal, begin to function less efficiently leading to Allee effects whereby declining population density or...

Author(s):Mebrahtu Hishe Gidey

Article in Press

Impacts of human activities on wildlife: The case of Nile Lechwe (Kobus megaceros) Gambella National Park, Southwest Ethiopia

Assessing human-induced threatening factors to wildlife is the basis in determining and proposing appropriate conservation measures. The present study was conducted to assess impacts of human activities on wildlife in Gambella National Park, Southwest of Ethiopia, from October 2015 to March 2016, focusing on the case of Nile Lechwe (Kobus megaceros). The data in this study were gathered using questionnaires with structured...

Author(s):Mohammed Seid Legas and Behailu Taye

Article in Press

Conserving precious urban fresh water bodies: A case study of Telangana, India

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) recognizes sovereign rights of States over their bioresources and also determines terms of accessing them, which is subject to their national legislation. India is among the 196 Contracting Parties to CBD and enacted the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 to claim sovereign rights over its bioresources and associated traditional knowledge (TK), and to meet its national obligations...

Author(s):G. Sailu

Article in Press

Analysis of level and extent of anthropogenic activities in and around protected areas (PAs): Case of Baturiya Wetlands, Jigawa State Nigeria

Wetlands are transitional points of habitats that are normally situated between a water body, vegetation cover and dry land. Human activities and climate change influence the net loss of natural features in global wetlands. However, in the earlier part of the 1990s, people began to understand the benefit of wetlands. The main objective of the work was to evaluate the level of anthropogenic activity in and around Baturiya...

Author(s):Hadiza Z. Hadejia, Jibrin Gambo, Binta Zakari, Yusuf A.Yusuf and Ibrahim L. Muhammad

Article in Press

Status survey of fresh water ganges dolphin (Platanista gangetica) in the Hamirpur and Ekdala stretches of Yamuna River, India

The present survey was carried out in 2 stretches of Yamuna River, India, with a total of 10 km down streams; 2 adults and 1 juvenile from Hamirpur and 6 adults and 3 juvenile from Ekdala River stretches were recorded after a long period. Various threats in the stretches, sand mining, fishing, ferries, cremations, water lifting for irrigation, agricultural cultivation on the river banks were also recorded during the...

Author(s):S. R. Taigor,

Article in Press

Avifauna species diversity of Leventis Farm and Leventis Conserved Woodland Edo State, Nigeria

The diversity and abundance of avian species in two study sites: Leventis Foundation Conserved woodland (LFCW), and Leventis Foundation Farmland (LFF) in the guinea agro-ecological zone in Edo state Nigeria was carried out between 2011 and 2013 covering dry and wet seasons. Two methods; Line Transect and Point Count Methods were randomly placed in the four study sites, were used to collect data on bird species diversity...

Author(s):Okosodo E. F., Ogunjemite B. G. and Agbelusi E. A.

Article in Press

Activity budget of captive Drill monkeys Mandrillus leucophaeus (Cuvier) in Limbe Wildlife Center, Southwest Region, Cameroon

Drill monkeys (Mandrillus leucophaeus) are known to be the most endangered species of primates in Africa. Hunting and habitat loss are believed to be the major causes of the species decline in Cameroon. It is for this reason that the study explored the behaviour of captive drills in Limbe Wildlife Centre (LWC) in line with reintroduction plan. Data collection started in May 15th 2016 and ended in August 15th 2016. Scan and...

Author(s):Melle Ekane Maurice, Nkwatoh Athanasius Fuashi, Tim Killian Lengha and Viku Bruno Agiamte-Mbom

Article in Press

Detection and estimation of the extent of lost and threaten crop species in Tigray, Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, it is generally accepted that significant amount of genetic erosion has occurred and is still occurring but there are no data on its amount and extent. Likewise, less is known about causes and degree of genetic erosion on local varieties of crop species. Therefore, quantifying the amount of genetic erosion was equally important for devising conservation measures. The present study was conducted to assess the...

Author(s):Abraha Reda and Mebrahtom Mesfin

Article in Press

Spatial variation in diversity of woody vegetation species within Kwara State University Malete campus, Kwara, Nigeria

Woody vegetations play a vital roles in human development and survival and all living organisms depend on this resources either directly or indirectly as they supply food, timber, fuel, shade, shelter, organic manure and conserve soil fertility. In recent times, there is upsurge of interest in conservation of African Savanna due to the rate at which tropical forest is being depleted of its resources. However, there is the...

Author(s):Romoke Monsurat Suleiman, Henry Olawale Sawyerr, Abdulrasheed Adio and Gabriel Salako

Article in Press

Effects of bush encroachment on plant composition, diversity and carbon stock in Borana rangelands, Southern Ethiopia

Bush encroachment is reducing rangeland productivity in Borana rangelands. This study was conducted in Teltele Woreda of Borana zone, to evaluate the effects of bush encroachment on plant species composition, diversity and its contribution to carbon stock. Bush encroached, non-encroached and bush thinned rangeland types were selected for the study. Nested plots for collecting tree, shrub, herbaceous and soil data were...

Author(s):Siraj Kelil Gobelle and Abdella Gure Department of Agroforestry, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Yaballo Pastoral and Dryland Agriculture Research Center, P. O. Box , Yaballo, Ethiopia. Department of Forestry, Hawassa University, Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural resource, P. O. Box , Shashemene, Ethiopia.

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