International Journal of
Biodiversity and Conservation

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-243X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJBC
  • Start Year: 2009

IJBC Articles in press

Article in Press

VEGETATION STRUCTURE AND DIVERSITY OF GRAZING LANDS IN ABIJATA-SHALA LAKE NATIONAL PARK, OROMIA REGIONAL STATE, ETHIOPIA

This study aimed to assess the vegetation structures and diversity in grazing land of the Abijata Shala Lake National Park in Ethiopia. The stratification of the site was done before sampling based on grazing intensity. Random sampling techniques were used for species composition, diversity and vegetation structure. Two grazing intensities, 12 sampling sites, and five plots per sample site were used that = 120 samples all...

Author(s):Meseret Tilahun, Adami Tulu, Tessema Zewdu, Abule Ebro

Article in Press

Comparative efficiency of three bait types for live trapping of small rodents in Central Africa

Low capture rates are a persistent problem in field studies of small rodents in Central Africa. This study aims to improve trapping efficacy by comparing the effectiveness of three types of bait placed in Sherman live traps: the traditionally used fresh manioc, palm nut and bait composed of peanut butter mixed with corn flakes. Trapping sites were located in the buffer zones of a total of five forest national parks in...

Author(s):Jean-François MBOUMBA, Maxime R. HERVÉ, Katy MORGAN, Timy TIONGA, Alyssa TAYLOR, Natasha LOWERY, Fabrice Mezeme NDONG, Anicet Christel Maloupazoa SIAWAYA, and Nicola M. ANTHONY

Article in Press

Diversity and floristic composition of rural and sub-urban home garden in Wadera district of Oromia region, Ethiopia

This study was conducted in Wadera district of Oromia region in Ethiopia, with the objective of quantifying the diversity and floristic composition of home garden agroforestry systems. A stratified random sampling design was used to select 132 sample home gardens and a detailed inspection was conducted on diversity and floristic composition of the plant species using the Shannon-Wiener diversity index and Pielou’s Evenness...

Author(s):Biruk Birhan and Tesfaye Abebe

Article in Press

Analysis of Socio-Economic Contribution of Agroforestry Systems to Smallholder Farmers around Jimma town, southwestern Ethiopia

Abstract Integration of trees into land use practices is an old-aged experience of smallholder farmers in Southwest Ethiopia. The contribution of this practice is much undermined. The objective of this study was to assess socio-economic contributions of agroforestry system to smallholder farmers around Jimma town, Southwest Ethiopia. A total of 199 households were proportionally sampled from the three selected sites...

Author(s):Endale Bekele Jiru, Zerihun Kebebew and Ermias Melaku

Article in Press

STUDY OF GENETIC AND TRAIT ASSOCIATIONS FOR YIELD AND YIELD CONTRIBUTING TRAITS IN TWO-ROWED BARLEY (HORDEUM VULGARE L) LANDRACES IN WESTERN OROMIA, ETHIOPIA

The aim of this study was to find out variability, heritability, and genetic advance and trait associations for some yield and yield related traits in Ethiopian two-rowed barley. Forty-nine, two-rowed barley landraces were tested in 7 x 7 simple lattice designs with two replications during the 2017 cropping season at the Mata research sub site of Haro Sabu Agricultural Research Center (HSARC). A variance component analysis...

Author(s):Geleta Negash, Dagnachew Lule and Zerihun Jaleta

Article in Press

Anthropogenic Menace on Sacred Natural Sites: The Case of Me’e Bokko and Darartu shrine in Guji Oromo, Southern Ethiopia

Biocultural diversities and sacred natural site in particular, have been threatened due to pervasive nature of anthropogenic impacts. The menacing factors that affect sacred natural sites are not similar across the globe in degree and level of influences. Hence, this article aims at exploring anthropogenic menace on Me'e Bokko and Dararatu sacred shrines among Guji Oromo, in Adoolaa Reeddee and Annaa Sorraa districts,...

Author(s):Gemeda Odo

Article in Press

Indigenous Belief Systems and Ancestral Sanctions (Seera) as a Tool for Enhancing Tree Biodiversity Conservation: Experience from Gedeo Community, Southern Ethiopia

The research was conducted in Gedeo zone, Southern Ethiopia. The main aim is to evaluate how indigenous knowledge practices and traditional beliefs have been used successfully to enhance tree biodiversity and environmental conservation. It further explores the environmentally friendly traditions of human-nature interactions. The research was a descriptive ecological study by using biodiversity inventory (tree count)...

Author(s):Yoseph Maru, Aster Gebrekirstos, and Getahun Haile

Article in Press

Farmers’ Indigenous Knowledge Based Enset (Ensete ventricosum) Diversity and Ethnobotanical survey in Yem Special District, Southwestern Ethiopia

Ensete ventricosum is a monocarpic perennial crop, in the genus Ensete. The ability of the crop to withstand drought conditions encourages farmers growing enset as a food security crop. Large numbers of enset clones are grown in a wide range of altitude where millions of people rely on it in Ethiopia. Studying enset clones wealth is vital for critical intervention on the clone’s diversity conservation The study was...

Author(s):Ambachew Zerfu Gebrewold

Article in Press

Effect Of Construction Of Natural Reserve On The Livelihoods And Income Of Local Residents Around Conkouati-Doulinational Park, Republic Of Congo

This study was conducted in Conkouati-Douli National Park (CDNP) to analyze the effect of construction of CDNP on local residents’ livelihoods and income. A survey of questionnaires of 100 households was carried in the in four villages: Tandou-Ngoma, Nzambi, Ngoumbi and Mpela. Focused groups discussions, field observations and secondary data from different sources were used to collect information. The data were analyzed...

Author(s):Gilles Moutanda Loussakou and Zhen Zhu

Article in Press

Conservation constraints and strategies of the Arba Minch forest. Nech sar National Park, Southern Ethiopia

Ecosystem services are the base for survival of mankind and play a significant role in economic development, prosperity, health, etc. Forest ecosystems afford a variety of services that human beings depend on from them. Arba Minch Forest ecosystem is a crucial asset that maintains the continuity and survival of the Arba Minch town and its environs. Despite its tangible and worthy ecosystem services, it has been exposed to...

Author(s):SELEMON THOMAS FAKANA AND DEBEBE DANA FELEHA

Article in Press

Climate variability, biodiversity dynamics and perceptions of local populations in Waza National Park (Far North Region, Cameroon)

Climate variability is one of the major ecological challenges of the 21st century in Waza Logone Plain in the Far North region of Cameroon. The physical environment in this area has almost completly deteriorated as a result of declining rainfall and rising temperatures. A study was carried out to understand the dynamics of biodiversity in terms of climate variability in the Waza National Park. This study was based on both...

Author(s):Souare Konsala, Megaï Mahamat Hamaye, Hamawa Yougouda, Rousgou Gnowe Romain, Djibrilla Mana & Tchobsala

Article in Press

Analysis of Forest Cover Change in Yabello Forest, Borana Zone, Ethiopia

Analyzing trends of land use and the change over time is an effective way for assessing the impact on ecosystem function. A study was conducted to detect forest cover change of Yabello forest between 1986 and 2016. The Land use maps of 1986, 1996, 2006 and 2016 were derived from satellite images. The spatial pattern analysis indicated that the Yabello LULC is at dynamic state and forests had undergone substantial changes...

Author(s):Sisay Taye, Debela Hunde and Gudina Legesse

Article in Press

TREE SPECIES DIVERSITY AND VOLUME YIELD OF PROTECTED AREAS IN RAINFOREST ECOSYSTEM OF SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA

This study examined the contribution of protected forest areas as means of biodiversity conservation. This was achieved by assessing the status of the forests in terms of tree species diversity and volume yield for in-situ biodiversity conservation. Data were collected from four plots of one hectare each, randomly located in the strict nature reserve, forest reserve, and sacred grove. In each plot, all tree species (dbh ≥...

Author(s):ALADESANMI DANIEL AGBELADE BABATUNDE HOPE OJO

Article in Press

The Role of Area Exclosures for Biodiversity Conservation and Its Contribution to Local Livelihood in Ethiopia

Frequent worsening of land resources have become a serious threat to both the ecological systems and economic development in Ethiopia. These problems attributed directly or indirectly to the rapid declining of forests in unsustainable use and management; to escape land degradation problem rehabilitation is best option and different studies shown in Tigray, Amhara (wello and shewa) and Oromia Region, exclosure is one of...

Author(s):Melese Bekele

Article in Press

Colonization patterns of benthic macroinvertebrates in fertilized and non-fertilized earthen fish ponds.

This study was conducted in Kwanza, Trans-Nzoia County to determine the colonization pattern of benthic macroinvertebrates in earthen fish ponds. This was done to ascertain the right stocking time of ponds when the natural fish food is in plenty. Two ponds were used for this study; one was treated with organic manure while the other was not fertilized. Sampling for physico-chemical parameters were then taken immediately...

Author(s):Patrick O. Orwa, Reuben Omondi, and Emily J. Chemoiwa

Article in Press

Comparative Study of Rodents and Insectivores in Natural and Coffee Forest Habitats of Afalo Area, Gera District, Southwestern Ethiopia

A comparative study of the diversity, distribution and abundance of small mammals (rodents and insectivores) in natural and coffee forest habitats of Afalo area of Gera district was conducted from August, 2014 to March, 2015. Two sites, one with coffee forest and the other natural forest, were selected for the study. Grids were established and randomly selected in each of the habitats, and representative sample sites were...

Author(s):Demelash Sime, Tadesse Habtamu & Tsegaye Gadisa

Article in Press

Forest zonation and their implication on tree species composition, diversity and structure in Mabira Forest, Uganda.

The study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of forest management zoning in conserving the biodiversity of Mabira forest reserve. The study sites buffer, production, and strict nature reserve management zones were purposively selected. This was undertaken through investigating woody species diversity, composition and structure. A total of 60 sampling plots with a size of 20 m x10 m were used to collect vegetation data....

Author(s):Elias Cherenet Weldemariam, Emmy Saviour Jakisa, Diana Atuha Ahebwe

Article in Press

An Integrated Approach for Identifying and prioritizing potential areas as ‘Conservation Reserves’ in Western Ghats, India

In this two phase study, first phase, the Deskwork (ERDAS Imagine, IRS-LISS4 data) identified six forest patches in the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve, southern Western Ghats. In the second phase research focused on all six patches involving inspections, measuring and recording as well as interactions with forest managers and members of the indigenous community. Second phase aggregated data pertaining to presentation as...

Author(s):Chrips NESAYYAN RACHALPUSHPAM, Vinod Thrikkovilpadickal Raghavakurup and Babu Ambat

Article in Press

Study of the behavior of cultivars from a world collection of olive (Olea europaea L.) in Morocco

In Marrakech (Morocco), a world collection of the genetic resources of the olive-tree was established. This collection currently contains 600 cultivars of various origins. However, work of characterization of these cultivars remains very limited. The objective of this study is to emphasize these genetic resources through their agronomic characterization. Certain agronomic characters were studied on some of the most...

Author(s):El Oualkadi A., Boulouha M. and Sikaoui L.

Article in Press

Floral biodiversity of St. John’s college campus, Tirunelveli, Tamilnadu, India

Biodiversity reflects variety and variability within and among living organisms, their associations and habitat-oriented ecological complexes. There is an urgent need for detailed survey of plants resources, both exotic and indigenous for the development of rural as well as urban economy of a region. In this context, the present study was carried out to record the floral resources of St.John’s college campus,...

Author(s):Darwin Paul Edison S, Amish Abragam D and Vijila S

Article in Press

Ave fauna diversity in Bonga biosphere reserve, Southwest Ethiopia

The study was carried out for two consecutive years (2013 to 2014) yielding a representative checklist on bird diversity at Decha, Chena, Dadiben, Boka of Bonga biosphere reserve and Gojeb wetland located in South Nation Nationalities and People region, Southwest Ethiopia. The point observation method was used to collect data on activity patterns, distribution and diversity of the various species of birds. Data were...

Author(s):Weldemariam Tesfahunegn, Tesfu Fekensa and Getachew Mulualem

Article in Press

Woody species diversity in Agroforestry Homegardens: The case of small holder farmers in Gimbo District of South West Ethiopia

Traditional agroforestry homegardens have been described as man-managed ecosystems with complex structure and multiple functions. Despite being an integral part of farming system in South West Ethiopia, this system is still poorly studied and understood. The study was conducted to assess the diversity and horizontal structure of woody species in homegardens at Gimbo district, South West Ethiopia. Two sites and two villages...

Author(s):Getahun Yakob, Zebene Asfaw and Solomon Zewdie

Article in Press

Assessment of ecological diversity in the wetlands of Ginda watershed, Gedeb Woreda, Southern Ethiopia

Wetlands are the world’s most productive ecosystems which provide breeding for wider range of both flora and fauna. However, it is under great threat due a number of factors. A study was conducted to assess the existing flora and fauna species with the ecological integrity and human impact on wetlands of Ginda watershed. Identification and description of wetland floras and faunas repeated visual observation was done. As a...

Author(s):

Article in Press

Comparative studies on hair morphology of Tiger (Panthera tigris) and leopard (Panthera pardus)

Hair is mammalian epidermal exoskeleton and having distinctive specialized anatomic structure consisting of cells and three concentric layers viz. cuticle, cortex and medulla. The main aim of this study was to compare gross and microscopic difference and similarity of hair of tiger and leopard. Four hair samples from four different body regions (neck, back, abdomen and tail) were collected from different four animals of...

Author(s):

Article in Press

An Ecological Study of gap filling species and the self replacement probability of gap former species in Gera mountain forest of Jima zone Oromia regional State Ethiopia

Canopy gap formation, a frequent small-scale disturbance in many forests, has been hypothesized to be an important event in the structuring of many forest communities. Canopy gaps increase environmental heterogeneity by altering abundances and distributions of abiotic and biotic resources. Resources that have been demonstrated to change after gap formation are light, soil moisture, nutrients, fruit availability, seed...

Author(s):Arayaselassie Abebe Semu

Article in Press

Woody species diversity of homegarden agroforestry and adjacent natural forest in Raya Alamata, Northern Ethiopia

Conservation of biodiversity is a major environmental challenge today. Homegarden agroforestry (HGAF) have large potential for biodiversity conservation. However, little attention has been paid to the relative importance of HGAF in terms of biodiversity conservation. Hence, this study was conducted to estimate and compare the woody species diversity and structure of HGAF, and adjacent natural forest (NF). Three sites were...

Author(s):Gebru Eyasu Siyum

Article in Press

Assessment of ecotourism resources in Prof. T. A. Afolayan Wildlife Park, FUTA, Akure, Nigeria

Ecotourism resources are natural and cultural features that attract visitors, such resources include landscapes, endemic and rare flora and fauna, cultural festivals, and historic monuments. The major objective of this study was to assess the ecotourism resources in Prof. T. A. Afolayan Wildlife Park, FUTA, Akure, Nigeria for sustainable utilization which will improve conservation and management strategy of the park. Data...

Author(s):Adekola O. E. and Meduna A. J.

Article in Press

A multivariate vegetation analysis of Mahasheer National Park, Azad Jammu and Kashmir

This study aims to estimate phytodiversity and its relation with environment, and soil of Mahasheer National Park, Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK). Field data was recorded from fifteen different sites of the study area. Quadrat method was used for the sampling of vegetation. Exact location of each site, altitude, exposure, as well as geographical coordinates was noted by using geographical positioning system (GPS). To analyze...

Author(s):Sajid Safeer, Rahmatullah Qureshi, Saeed Khalil, Ubaid ul Hassan and Sheikh Muhammad Farhan Anwar

Article in Press

Analysis of carbon stock variation in slope and slope aspect in Gedo Dry Evergreen Montane Forest, West Shewa Zone, Oromia Region

Tropical forests have the largest potential to mitigate climate change amongst the world’s forests through conservation of existing carbon pools and expansion of carbon sinks. Ethiopia is one of the tropical countries which have significant forest resources carbon stock and their associations with environmental variables have not been well studied. This study was completed with the aim of assessing carbon stock...

Author(s):Hamere Yohannes, Teshome Soromessa and Mekuria Argaw

Article in Press

Species diversity of butterfly fauna in and around Devkund Waterfall, Similipal Biosphere Reserve, North Odisha, India

Butterflies survey of an Eastern Ghat, near Similipal Biosphere Reserve, Devkund was carried out from November 2014 to March 2016 for species composition, relative abundance and species diversity of butterflies. Transect walk, point transect and direct observation methods were deployed for butterfly’s survey. Sampling sites were selected following the established transect on the edge around the waterfall, with an interval...

Author(s):Payra, A. and Sethy, J.

Article in Press

Review on pollination and dispersal in open vegetation

Plant reproductive success varies widely within and among natural populations and understanding the factors, which developed the variation, could enhance the pollination and dispersal process. The basic premise is that as individuals become increasingly isolated reproductive processes, such as pollination and seed dispersal, begin to function less efficiently leading to Allee effects whereby declining population density or...

Author(s):Mebrahtu Hishe Gidey

Article in Press

Conserving precious urban fresh water bodies: A case study of Telangana, India

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) recognizes sovereign rights of States over their bioresources and also determines terms of accessing them, which is subject to their national legislation. India is among the 196 Contracting Parties to CBD and enacted the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 to claim sovereign rights over its bioresources and associated traditional knowledge (TK), and to meet its national obligations...

Author(s):G. Sailu

Article in Press

Analysis of level and extent of anthropogenic activities in and around protected areas (PAs): Case of Baturiya Wetlands, Jigawa State Nigeria

Wetlands are transitional points of habitats that are normally situated between a water body, vegetation cover and dry land. Human activities and climate change influence the net loss of natural features in global wetlands. However, in the earlier part of the 1990s, people began to understand the benefit of wetlands. The main objective of the work was to evaluate the level of anthropogenic activity in and around Baturiya...

Author(s):Hadiza Z. Hadejia, Jibrin Gambo, Binta Zakari, Yusuf A.Yusuf and Ibrahim L. Muhammad

Article in Press

Status survey of fresh water ganges dolphin (Platanista gangetica) in the Hamirpur and Ekdala stretches of Yamuna River, India

The present survey was carried out in 2 stretches of Yamuna River, India, with a total of 10 km down streams; 2 adults and 1 juvenile from Hamirpur and 6 adults and 3 juvenile from Ekdala River stretches were recorded after a long period. Various threats in the stretches, sand mining, fishing, ferries, cremations, water lifting for irrigation, agricultural cultivation on the river banks were also recorded during the...

Author(s):S. R. Taigor,

Article in Press

Avifauna species diversity of Leventis Farm and Leventis Conserved Woodland Edo State, Nigeria

The diversity and abundance of avian species in two study sites: Leventis Foundation Conserved woodland (LFCW), and Leventis Foundation Farmland (LFF) in the guinea agro-ecological zone in Edo state Nigeria was carried out between 2011 and 2013 covering dry and wet seasons. Two methods; Line Transect and Point Count Methods were randomly placed in the four study sites, were used to collect data on bird species diversity...

Author(s):Okosodo E. F., Ogunjemite B. G. and Agbelusi E. A.

Article in Press

Detection and estimation of the extent of lost and threaten crop species in Tigray, Ethiopia

In Ethiopia, it is generally accepted that significant amount of genetic erosion has occurred and is still occurring but there are no data on its amount and extent. Likewise, less is known about causes and degree of genetic erosion on local varieties of crop species. Therefore, quantifying the amount of genetic erosion was equally important for devising conservation measures. The present study was conducted to assess the...

Author(s):Abraha Reda and Mebrahtom Mesfin

Article in Press

Effects of bush encroachment on plant composition, diversity and carbon stock in Borana rangelands, Southern Ethiopia

Bush encroachment is reducing rangeland productivity in Borana rangelands. This study was conducted in Teltele Woreda of Borana zone, to evaluate the effects of bush encroachment on plant species composition, diversity and its contribution to carbon stock. Bush encroached, non-encroached and bush thinned rangeland types were selected for the study. Nested plots for collecting tree, shrub, herbaceous and soil data were...

Author(s):Siraj Kelil Gobelle and Abdella Gure Department of Agroforestry, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Yaballo Pastoral and Dryland Agriculture Research Center, P. O. Box , Yaballo, Ethiopia. Department of Forestry, Hawassa University, Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural resource, P. O. Box , Shashemene, Ethiopia.

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