Journal of
AIDS and HIV Research

  • Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2359
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAHR
  • Start Year: 2009

JAHR Articles in press

Article in Press

Factors associated with non-adherence of HIV/AIDS patients to haart regimen in a healthcare facility in Ikot Ekpene, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Background: Adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimen, of at least 95%, is necessary for effective therapeutic response among People Living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLWHIV). This study determined the factors associated with non-adherence of PLWHIV to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimen among patients attending a healthcare facility in Akwa Ibom State,...

Author(s):Augustina Onwunata, Omotayo O Ebong and Geoffrey Enoh

Article in Press

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Helicobacter pylori Infection among HIV Positive Adults on ART at Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Southern-Ethiopia

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infections are worldwide healthcare burdens. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated factors of H. pylori infection among HIV patients at Southern-Ethiopia. A Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted at Hawassa University comprehensive specialized hospital on 390 HIV infected adults on antiretroviral therapy from...

Author(s):Addis G/Mariam, Techalew Shimelis, Agete Tadewos, Fanuel Belayneh, Demiss Niguse

Article in Press

Prevalence of HIV/AIDs among pregnant women attending state specialist hospital akure, Ondo State, Nigeria

This examination was carried out to enumerate the prevalence of HIV among pregnant women attending the State Specialist Hospital, Akure, Nigeria. Blood samples were collected from 520 pregnant women and screened for antibodies to HIV using Determine HIV-1/2 kit and Determine HIV-1/2 kit. The overall prevalence of HIV was found to be 2.88% (n=15). Higher prevalence of 3.81% was found among age-groups 25-34 years compared...

Author(s):Ojo D.Olukitibi T. A.,Oladunmoye M. K.

Article in Press

Predictors of loss to follow up among adults enrolled on anti-retroviral therapy in Otona teaching and referral hospital, Wolayita Soddo, Southern Ethiopia; retrospective cohort study

In Sub-Saharan African country, particularly in Ethiopia, there is a growing concern of the management of diagnosis and treatment of to diagnose HIV-AIDS patients. These patients later on are presented with advance disease and loss of follow up in not uncommon. There are several factors demotivating these patients to continue their treatment but later on, they will present with advanced disease because they have loss to...

Author(s):Molalegn Mesele, Gistane Ayele, Manaye Yihune and Gedion Asnake

Article in Press

Analysing the joint effect of health expenditure and life expectancy on HIV/AIDS in Selected Countries in Africa

This paper analyses the effect of health expenditure and life expectancy on HIV/AIDS in selected African countries. Using a panel data from 40 African countries within the period of 2005 to 2014, both linear and nonlinear models were estimated. The Hausman test conducted approves the appropriateness of the random effect. Random effect estimation with interaction term shows health expenditure has positive and significant...

Author(s):FELIX AMOANING

Article in Press

Under the Influence of Needles: Multiplicity of HIV Related Risk Behaviour among Injecting Drug Users in South Asian Countries

Background: Interface of drug abuse, needle sharing and high-risk-sex are potential menace multiplying HIV risk. This paper analyses covariates of multiplicity of risk behaviour among injecting drug users (IDUs) in the selected countries of South Asia. Methods: Findings are based on data from 1393 male IDUs from Nepal (2010-11), 1290 from Bangladesh (2015-16) and 1977 from India (2010). Bivariate and multivariate...

Author(s):Shrikant Singh, Santosh kumar Sharma, Anshur Rehman, Deepanjali Vishwakarma, Bhawana Sharma and Alankar Malviya

Article in Press

Knowledge, attitude and practice as a response against HIV/AIDS among new entrants of Dilla University students, SNNPR, Ethiopia

Objective: To identify the influence of clinical setting on adherence to antiretroviral treatment among HIV/AIDS infected adolescents in Thika Level 5 hospital. Design: Crossectional. Setting: Thika Level 5 hospital, Thika Sub County, Kiambu County. Subjects: 150 HIV/AIDS infected adolescents and 25 health Care Workers. Results: Pearson Product Moment Correlation analysis revealed that there was a significant...

Author(s):Tarekegn Tadesse Gemeda, Abineh Unasho Gandile, Demisse Semebo Bikamo

Article in Press

INFLUENCE OF HEALTH LITERACY ON ANTIRETROVIRAL TREAMENT ADHERENCE AMONG HIV/AIDS INFECTED ADOLESCENTS IN THIKA LEVEL 5 HOSPITAL, KIAMBU COUNTY

Young people including adolescents constitute a significant number of the people living with Human Immune Deficiency Virus/ Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in the world today. The study sought to establish the antiretroviral treatment adherence determinants among HIV/AIDS infected adolescents in Thika level 5 Hospital. The specific objective of the study was to find out how health literacy influence...

Author(s):T. W. Kariuki, E.S Some,George Kimanthi and J.Kariuki

Article in Press

KNOWLEDGE OF HIV/AIDS AND APPROVAL OF PRE-MARITAL TESTING AMONG MUSLIM SCHOLARS IN SOKOTO NORTH WESTERN NIGERIA

In Nigeria, Christian leaders have been instrumental in increasing the rates of voluntary HIV testing especially pre-marital testing and have also being participating in between 40 and 70% of HIV related activities in other African countries. It is based on this premise it is hypothesized that given their influence on the population, Muslim religious leaders can make a similar effort in Northern Nigeria in increasing the...

Author(s):Taofeek Ibrahim,Balarabe Isa Adamu,Ismaila Mohammed Ahmed,Usman Nasir Nakakana and Maryam Mohammed Ahmed

Article in Press

CORRELATION OF STAVUDINE BASED FIXED DRUG COMBINATION (FDC) AND CD4 COUNTS IN HIV INFECTED PEDIATRIC AGE GROUP

HIV-infection in children progresses more rapidly than in adults, and up to half of untreated children die within the 1st two years of life. This progression is correlated with higher viral burden and faster depletion of infected CD4 lymphocytes in infants and children than in adults. Most studies have demonstrated that CD4 cell count has the strongest predictive value in predicting disease progression. Highly active...

Author(s):BHAVESH RATHOD

Article in Press

The effects of a therapeutic exercise intervention on depression and body self-image in women receiving anti-retroviral treatment (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa

This research study investigated the effects of a programme of therapeutic movement on depression and body self-image, on two samples of HIV positive females undergoing anti-retroviral treatment (ART) in Sub-Saharan Africa. The aims and objectives of this study are in line with the World Health Organisation (WHO) (2012) and UNICEF (2013) mandates, which advocates the implementation of effective psycho-social and...

Author(s):Daniels Andrea K. and Rudolf L. Van Niekerk

Article in Press

Survival time of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected children under 15 years of age after initiation of antiretroviral therapy in the University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has emerged as one of the leading causes of childhood mortality and morbidity in sub Saharan Africa. But, the attention given to HIV-infected children in terms of providing antiretroviral treatment (ART) had so far been ranked second. The study had the objectives of identifying predictors that had significant impacts on the survival status of HIV infected children who received...

Author(s):Asrat Atsedeweyn Andargie and Yemane Asmleash

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