Journal of
AIDS and HIV Research

  • Abbreviation: J. AIDS HIV Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2359
  • DOI: 10.5897/JAHR
  • Start Year: 2009

JAHR Articles in press

Article in Press

Serum Protein Electrophoresis as an Added Value for Disease Control among HIV Patients in a Hospital Setting in Cameroon

In the resource-limited countries, CD4 count and viral load (VL) determination are not always systematic, due to the low follow-up coverage and/or limited access to optimal hospital facilities. The present study aimed at evaluating the clinical role of Serum Protein Electrophoresis (SPE) in HIV health care and disease control. An analytic study was conducted in a Cameroon reference’s hospital, in HIV patients on...

Author(s):Djuidje Ngounoue Marceline

Article in Press

Clinical and Biological Outcomes in an HIV-Positive Child Treated with the Immuno-modulator 6,6’-Dithiodinicotinic Acid (CPDS) Over Four Years: A Case Report

The elimination of HIV-AIDS by 2030 is a challenging target for a country such as the D.R. Congo, since currently fewer than 50% of persons living with HIV (PLWH) are under antiretroviral treatment (ART) and have a viral suppression. There also is a high rate of death of PLWH in D.R. Congo. Accessible, affordable and sustainable immunotherapy, coupled with ART, can provide a substantial support to eliminating HIV. The...

Author(s):ADOLPHE NDARABU IGULU, LEON TSHILOLO MWEPU, DIDIER MBUYI MUKENDI, RONALD HARVEY GOLDFARB

Article in Press

Wasting: Prevalence and its predictors among adults receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy in ART clinics of Hosanna town, Hadiya zone, Southern Ethiopia – A cross-sectional study

In patients with HIV infection, wasting has been associated with increased mortality. Even in the era of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART), accelerated disease progression, loss of muscle protein mass, and impairment of strength and functional status are common. However, data on the magnitude of wasting and its risk factors among individuals receiving HAART is scarce in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to...

Author(s):Mekuria Asnakew Asfaw, Tariku Eshetu, Fanos Yonas

Article in Press

A mixed methods study of the factors associated with HIV testing among young people in Saudi Arabia

Despite recent progress in enhancing the accessibility of HIV-related health services worldwide, opportunities to diagnose patients are often missed due to genuine barriers at different levels. The aim of the study is to explore the factors that affect the HIV testing uptake by young people in Saudi Arabia. For the quantitative strand of the study a newly developed self-completed online questionnaire was used and the study...

Author(s):Abdullah Almilaibary, Mark Hayter

Article in Press

CORRELATION OF HEPATOBILIARY ULTRASONOGRAPHIC FINDINGS WITH CD4CELL COUNT AND LIVER ENZYMES IN ADULT HIV/AIDS PATIENTS IN JOS

Hepatobiliary diseases occur commonly in patients with Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and are now the commonest cause of death in HIV positive patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in western countries. The hepatobiliary manifestations of AIDS are related to the levels of CD4+ count as well as liver enzymes. Abdominal ultrasound examination is easy to perform, non-invasive, inexpensive, readily available...

Author(s):A. Angbalaga, C. C. Ani, D. Atsukwei, E. D. Eze, A. M. Afodun, E. O. Igoh, S. C. Owoeye and C. B. Ukaonu

Article in Press

Predictors of loss to follow up among adults enrolled on anti-retroviral therapy in Otona teaching and referral hospital, Wolayita Soddo, Southern Ethiopia; retrospective cohort study

In Sub-Saharan African country, particularly in Ethiopia, there is a growing concern of the management of diagnosis and treatment of to diagnose HIV-AIDS patients. These patients later on are presented with advance disease and loss of follow up in not uncommon. There are several factors demotivating these patients to continue their treatment but later on, they will present with advanced disease because they have loss to...

Author(s):Molalegn Mesele, Gistane Ayele, Manaye Yihune and Gedion Asnake

Article in Press

Analysing the joint effect of health expenditure and life expectancy on HIV/AIDS in Selected Countries in Africa

This paper analyses the effect of health expenditure and life expectancy on HIV/AIDS in selected African countries. Using a panel data from 40 African countries within the period of 2005 to 2014, both linear and nonlinear models were estimated. The Hausman test conducted approves the appropriateness of the random effect. Random effect estimation with interaction term shows health expenditure has positive and significant...

Author(s):FELIX AMOANING

Article in Press

Under the Influence of Needles: Multiplicity of HIV Related Risk Behaviour among Injecting Drug Users in South Asian Countries

Background: Interface of drug abuse, needle sharing and high-risk-sex are potential menace multiplying HIV risk. This paper analyses covariates of multiplicity of risk behaviour among injecting drug users (IDUs) in the selected countries of South Asia. Methods: Findings are based on data from 1393 male IDUs from Nepal (2010-11), 1290 from Bangladesh (2015-16) and 1977 from India (2010). Bivariate and multivariate...

Author(s):Shrikant Singh, Santosh kumar Sharma, Anshur Rehman, Deepanjali Vishwakarma, Bhawana Sharma and Alankar Malviya

Article in Press

Knowledge, attitude and practice as a response against HIV/AIDS among new entrants of Dilla University students, SNNPR, Ethiopia

Objective: To identify the influence of clinical setting on adherence to antiretroviral treatment among HIV/AIDS infected adolescents in Thika Level 5 hospital. Design: Crossectional. Setting: Thika Level 5 hospital, Thika Sub County, Kiambu County. Subjects: 150 HIV/AIDS infected adolescents and 25 health Care Workers. Results: Pearson Product Moment Correlation analysis revealed that there was a significant...

Author(s):Tarekegn Tadesse Gemeda, Abineh Unasho Gandile, Demisse Semebo Bikamo

Article in Press

INFLUENCE OF HEALTH LITERACY ON ANTIRETROVIRAL TREAMENT ADHERENCE AMONG HIV/AIDS INFECTED ADOLESCENTS IN THIKA LEVEL 5 HOSPITAL, KIAMBU COUNTY

Young people including adolescents constitute a significant number of the people living with Human Immune Deficiency Virus/ Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in the world today. The study sought to establish the antiretroviral treatment adherence determinants among HIV/AIDS infected adolescents in Thika level 5 Hospital. The specific objective of the study was to find out how health literacy influence...

Author(s):T. W. Kariuki, E.S Some,George Kimanthi and J.Kariuki

Article in Press

KNOWLEDGE OF HIV/AIDS AND APPROVAL OF PRE-MARITAL TESTING AMONG MUSLIM SCHOLARS IN SOKOTO NORTH WESTERN NIGERIA

In Nigeria, Christian leaders have been instrumental in increasing the rates of voluntary HIV testing especially pre-marital testing and have also being participating in between 40 and 70% of HIV related activities in other African countries. It is based on this premise it is hypothesized that given their influence on the population, Muslim religious leaders can make a similar effort in Northern Nigeria in increasing the...

Author(s):Taofeek Ibrahim,Balarabe Isa Adamu,Ismaila Mohammed Ahmed,Usman Nasir Nakakana and Maryam Mohammed Ahmed

Article in Press

CORRELATION OF STAVUDINE BASED FIXED DRUG COMBINATION (FDC) AND CD4 COUNTS IN HIV INFECTED PEDIATRIC AGE GROUP

HIV-infection in children progresses more rapidly than in adults, and up to half of untreated children die within the 1st two years of life. This progression is correlated with higher viral burden and faster depletion of infected CD4 lymphocytes in infants and children than in adults. Most studies have demonstrated that CD4 cell count has the strongest predictive value in predicting disease progression. Highly active...

Author(s):BHAVESH RATHOD

Article in Press

The effects of a therapeutic exercise intervention on depression and body self-image in women receiving anti-retroviral treatment (ART) in sub-Saharan Africa

This research study investigated the effects of a programme of therapeutic movement on depression and body self-image, on two samples of HIV positive females undergoing anti-retroviral treatment (ART) in Sub-Saharan Africa. The aims and objectives of this study are in line with the World Health Organisation (WHO) (2012) and UNICEF (2013) mandates, which advocates the implementation of effective psycho-social and...

Author(s):Daniels Andrea K. and Rudolf L. Van Niekerk

Article in Press

Survival time of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected children under 15 years of age after initiation of antiretroviral therapy in the University of Gondar Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has emerged as one of the leading causes of childhood mortality and morbidity in sub Saharan Africa. But, the attention given to HIV-infected children in terms of providing antiretroviral treatment (ART) had so far been ranked second. The study had the objectives of identifying predictors that had significant impacts on the survival status of HIV infected children who received...

Author(s):Asrat Atsedeweyn Andargie and Yemane Asmleash

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