African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6863

Full Length Research Paper

Determinants of adoption of improved agronomic practices of (Sesamum indicum L.) production, challenges and opportunities in Lango sub region of Northern Uganda

Cosmas Wacal
  • Cosmas Wacal
  • Department of Crop and Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Mountains of the Moon University, P. O. Box 837, Fort Portal, Uganda.
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Jimmy Obala
  • Jimmy Obala
  • Department of Crop and Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Mountains of the Moon University, P. O. Box 837, Fort Portal, Uganda.
  • Google Scholar
David Agole
  • David Agole
  • Department of Agricultural Extension and Community Engagement, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Mountains of the Moon University, P. O. Box 837, Fort Portal, Uganda.
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Daniel Basalirwa
  • Daniel Basalirwa
  • Department of Soil and Environment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7014, 750 07 Uppsala, Sweden.
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Joseph Masereka
  • Joseph Masereka
  • Department of Agriculture and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Uganda Martyrs University, P. O. Box 5498, Kampala, Uganda.
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Ronald Buwa
  • Ronald Buwa
  • Department of Crop and Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Mountains of the Moon University, P. O. Box 837, Fort Portal, Uganda.
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Jorem Alipa
  • Jorem Alipa
  • Department of Crop and Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Mountains of the Moon University, P. O. Box 837, Fort Portal, Uganda.
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Emmanuel Ewaju
  • Emmanuel Ewaju
  • Department of Agriculture and Natural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Uganda Martyrs University, P. O. Box 5498, Kampala, Uganda.
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Jordan Andaku
  • Jordan Andaku
  • Department of Agricultural Production, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda.
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  •  Received: 31 January 2024
  •  Accepted: 14 June 2024
  •  Published: 30 June 2024

Abstract

Sesame is a key oilseed crop predominantly cultivated in Northern and Eastern regions of Uganda. Despite efforts to promote sesame production, adoption of improved agronomic practices remains low. This study assesses adoption intensity, determinants of improved agronomic practices, and opportunities for enhancing sesame production in Northern Uganda. The study employed multi-stage and purposive sampling to survey 123 sesame farmers in Lira and Kole districts. Results indicate a 50% adoption intensity for ten critical agronomic practices. Highly adopted practices included early planting (91.9%), weeding (88.6%), crop rotation (72.4%), timely harvesting (90.2%), and proper post-harvest handling (96.7%). Conversely, the least adopted practices were use of improved sesame varieties, recommended spacing, pesticides, fungicides, and fertilizers. A Tobit regression model revealed that young, unmarried farmers with lower education levels, but farming as their primary occupation and having 4-6 years of production experience, exhibited higher acceptance and adoption rates of improved agronomic practices. Overall, addressing challenges such as drought, declining soil fertility, pests and diseases, limited market access, and constraints in inputs and credit is crucial for increasing adoption of improved agronomic practices in sesame production.

Key words: Sesame, adoption, socio economic factors, improved technologies, extension services, agronomic practices.