African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Association of 15 candidate genes with meat quality traits in Czech Large White pigs

P. Chalupová1,2*, T. Sedláčková1, K. Kaplanová1, F. Weisz1,2, M. Bryndová1, Z. Vykoukalová1,2, M. Jůzl3, H. Šulcerová3, T. Gregor3, T. Urban1,2, P. Sláma1 and A. Knoll1,2
  1Department of Animal Morphology, Physiology and Genetics, Mendel University in Brno, Brno, Czech Republic. 2CEITEC MENDELU, Brno, Czech Republic. 3Department of Food Technology, Mendel University in Brno, Brno, Czech Republic.
Email: [email protected], [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 28 May 2012
  •  Published: 03 July 2012

Abstract

 

Meat quality traits are a crucial factor in efficient pork production. In this work, we studied the influence of fifteen genes (MC4RLPIN1SERCA1H-FABPTNNI2LCATHMGCRFTOSERPINE1PLIN1EDG4,CSRP3PRKAG3CTSZ and TCF7L2) on important meat quality parameters: intramuscular fat, cholesterol level, fatty acid composition (palmitic, stearic, oleic and linoleic), drip loss, ultimate pH, ultimate electrical conductivity and colour. In total, 88 Czech Large White (sire line) sows were tested for previously described polymorphisms by PCR-RFLP. SERCA1 was genotyped by sequencing. Two new polymorphisms were found in SERCA1: c.686A>G and c.810C>T (accession number ENSSSCT00000008553). In our research, association analysis showed LPIN1, LCATSERPINE1, PLIN and TCF7L2 to have significant influences on plasma cholesterol level. HMGCR was significantly associated with IMF and palmitic acid content. LCATwas associated with linoleic acid content. EDG4 exhibited significant influence on drip loss. None of the tested genes had a significant effect on meat colour.

 

Key words: Large White, intramuscular fat, fatty acids, drip loss, meat colour, gene association.