African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6559

Full Length Research Paper

Managing various Musa varieties cultivated in Pissa district in the Central African Republic

Kosh-Komba E.
  • Kosh-Komba E.
  • Plant and Fungal Biodiversity Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences, University of Bangui, Central African Republic.
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Gougodo De Mon-Zoni L. J.
  • Gougodo De Mon-Zoni L. J.
  • Plant and Fungal Biodiversity Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences, University of Bangui, Central African Republic.
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Touckia G. I.
  • Touckia G. I.
  • High Institute of Rural Development, University of Bangui, Central African Republic.
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Bombo-Yongo O. D.
  • Bombo-Yongo O. D.
  • Plant and Fungal Biodiversity Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences, University of Bangui, Central African Republic.
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Mololi A.
  • Mololi A.
  • Laboratory of Biological and Agronomical Sciences for Development, Faculty of Sciences, University of Bangui, Central African Republic.
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Semballa S.
  • Semballa S.
  • Laboratory of Biological and Agronomical Sciences for Development, Faculty of Sciences, University of Bangui, Central African Republic.
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Zinga I.
  • Zinga I.
  • Laboratory of Biological and Agronomical Sciences for Development, Faculty of Sciences, University of Bangui, Central African Republic.
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Batawila K.
  • Batawila K.
  • Laboratory of Botanical and Ecological Plant, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lome, Togo.
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Akpagana K.
  • Akpagana K.
  • Laboratory of Botanical and Ecological Plant, Faculty of Sciences, University of Lome, Togo.
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  •  Received: 05 October 2020
  •  Accepted: 06 January 2021
  •  Published: 28 February 2021

Abstract

The diversity of cultivated crops, kernel element of food security, seems today to be threatened by contemporary worldwide, regional and local agricultural mutations. This study shows that there are thirty seven (37) accessions among which one can find Musa paradisiaca (33), Musa sapientum (03) and Musa nana (01). This sharing does not depends on the ethnic diversity because many ethnic groups share among themselves a great deal of ways of using accessions which number varies between 4 to 26 in function of villages and quarters. The banana tree holds the second rank behind cassava and constitutes an important source of income and a means of food supply for peasants who are the producers. Cocoyam and yam are the most associated crops to banana trees with 48% of accessions that are on the move of disappearing. Among the causes of this disappearing, one can find the long cultural cycle of some accessions, the weak productivity, the height of bunches and fruits that are much reduced and their weakness to sickness. Any ameliorated crop has not been signaled the weak level of instruction and the lack of technical accompaniment are the main obstacles to the management of these resources.

Key words: Musa species, diversity, peasant, management, Pissa and Central African Republic.