African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

The health status of turkeys against the microclimatic conditions

Katarzyna Ognik1, Anna Czech1, Bożena Nowakowicz-DÄ™bek2* and Łukasz WlazÅ‚o2
1Department of Biochemistry and Toxicology, Faculty of Biology and Animal Breeding, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland. 2Department of Animal Hygiene and Environment, Faculty of Biology and Animal Breeding, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 24 June 2013
  •  Published: 18 July 2013

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the sanitary microbiological status of a poultry house building as well as to determine morphological and biochemical blood markers of turkey hens with a deteriorated health status (diarrheas, numerous deaths, drowsiness, deformed tarsal joint). Microorganisms isolated from litter, buildings and turkey hens constituted the natural environmental flora detected in these types of buildings, hence the sanitary and hygienic status of the turkey rearing house was found satisfactory. The turkeys’ hens with the poorer health status were characterized by worst production performance, decreased levels of hemoglobin, protein, alkaline phosphatase and minerals (Ca, Mg and Fe). In addition, increased levels were noted for lipid peroxidation products (H2O2, MDA), catalase, glucose, cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol fraction, uric acid, and lactic dehydrogenase.

 

Key words: Turkey, health status, microclimate, blood parameters.