The objective of this study was to evaluate the sanitary microbiological status of a poultry house building as well as to determine morphological and biochemical blood markers of turkey hens with a deteriorated health status (diarrheas, numerous deaths, drowsiness, deformed tarsal joint). Microorganisms isolated from litter, buildings and turkey hens constituted the natural environmental flora detected in these types of buildings, hence the sanitary and hygienic status of the turkey rearing house was found satisfactory. The turkeys’ hens with the poorer health status were characterized by worst production performance, decreased levels of hemoglobin, protein, alkaline phosphatase and minerals (Ca, Mg and Fe). In addition, increased levels were noted for lipid peroxidation products (H2O2, MDA), catalase, glucose, cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol fraction, uric acid, and lactic dehydrogenase.
Key words: Turkey, health status, microclimate, blood parameters.
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