African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6638

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of planting time and fungicide application frequency on severity of late blight (Phytophthora infestans), yield and yield components of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) at Kulumsa, Southeast Ethiopia

Getachew Kebede Tufa
  • Getachew Kebede Tufa
  • College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, P. O. Box 307, Jimma, Ethiopia.
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Fekadu Gebretensay Mengistu
  • Fekadu Gebretensay Mengistu
  • Kulumsa Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), P. O. Box 489, Asella, Ethiopia.
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Gezahegn Berecha Yadessa
  • Gezahegn Berecha Yadessa
  • College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, P. O. Box 307, Jimma, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 09 August 2019
  •  Accepted: 08 October 2019
  •  Published: 31 October 2019

Abstract

Phytophthora infestans is the major bottleneck in potato production in Ethiopia. Selection of appropriate planting time is highly location specific and the most important subject in rain-fed potato production. However, research recommendation on optimum planting time and fungicide application frequency for high lands area of Arsi (Kulumsa) is lacking. Thus, field experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of planting time and fungicide application frequency on disease severity, yield and yield components of potato at Kulumsa during main cropping season of 2017. The treatments consisted of four planting time in the months of June and July and four fungicide application frequencies at the rate of 2.5 kg ha-1 of Ridomil Gold M.Z 68% W.P. Treatments were combined in 4 × 4 factorial arrangement and laid out in randomized complete block design with three replicates. Data on disease, tuber yield and yield components were analyzed using Statistical Analysis System Version 9.3. The interaction effect between treatments showed a highly significant (p<0.01) effect on disease incidence and area under disease progress curve and a significant (p<0.05) effect on percent severity index. Early planting in June produced significantly higher number of marketable and total tuber numbers per hill which were progressively reduced in subsequent plantings, whereas delay planting in July resulted in higher number of unmarketable tubers per hill. The interaction between early planting and different fungicide application frequencies gave the highest average tuber weight, marketable and total tuber yield per hectare. Therefore, the combination of early planting in June and twice fungicide application gave the optimum results in the study area.

Key words: Disease incidence, fungicide, integrated disease management, potato tuber, production season.